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American Indian Movement (AIM). Brief Overview. Treaties Allotment Boarding Schools Termination and relocation. Aim was founded in 1968 in minneapolis Edward Benton, Vernon and Clyde Bellecourt were among the founders

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Presentation Transcript

Brief Overview

  • Treaties

  • Allotment

  • Boarding Schools

  • Termination and relocation


  • Aim was founded in 1968 in minneapolis

  • Edward Benton, Vernon and Clyde Bellecourt were among the founders

  • Dedicated to protecting as well as imporoving life of native americans as well as keeping their culture alive

  • First goal: Deal with police brutality



Occupation of Alcatraz

  • Celebrity Support:

  • Boxes of food and money from CCR, Grateful Dead, Jane Fonda, Marlon Brando and polititians.

  • Life wasn’t perfect occupying the island:

  • Many tribes

  • Drugs/alcohol

  • Death – 12 yr old Yvonne Oakes


Outcome of Alcatraz

  • Some gov. officials wanted armed takeover – Nixon said ‘no’

  • A fire burned 4 buildings which signaled the end of the occupation

  • People began leaving on their own


Takeover of Winter Dam

  • Dam – Built 1921 with damaging effects

  • 1971 – takeover began

  • AIM assisted the LCO tribe

  • Winter Dam 50 yr. License about to expire – tried to block renewal

  • Divided the ojibwe community

  • Success: Gov. replaced 25,000 acres, able to generate hydro-electric power.

  • Issue of flooded graves: unresolved


Winter Dam, Continued

“Basically, all we were doing was some real minor symbolic statement of just occupying the dam, but immediately we were aware that there were federal marshalls in the region…There were planes flying over and newsment started getting onto the story…people downstream believed that we had wired the dam to explode…there was quite a calamity.”

-Richard St. Germaine



Wounded Knee, Cont’d

  • 1973 – Lakota contact AIM to help with corruption within the BIA and Tribal Council

  • Armed indians reclaimed wounded knee

  • Over 75 nations were represented

  • Many demands:

  • Investigations into 371 Treaties

  • Investigate misuse of tribal funds

  • BIA investigation


Wounded Knee Cont’d

  • Government cut of electricity and tried to keep food from going in.

  • Heavy Gunfire daily

  • Buddy Lamond and Frank Clearwater were killed – 12 others disappeared.

  • After 71 days of being free peoples, the siege ended – Over 1200 were arrested


Wounded Knee Cont’d

  • Next 3 years “Reign of Terror”

  • 64 unsolved murder victims

  • 300 harassed and beaten

  • 562 arrests made – only 15 convicted of a crime


AIM has been involved in many other things as well.

Link for overview of events:

http://www.aimovement.org/ggc/history.html


AIM today

AIM still patrols the streets of Minneapolis for their original purpose, police brutality.

Involved in protesting Indian mascots

Committed to keeping native culture alive

1993 - Split into two factions due to differences in opinion


Bibliography:

http://siouxme.com/lodge/alcatraz_np.html

http://siouxme.com/siege.html

http://www.aimovement.org/ggc/history.html

http://www.cvmuseum.com/Paths5.html

Bieder, Robert E, Native American Communities in Wisconsin 1600-1930

Lurie, Nancy Oestrich, Wisconsin Indians

Paths of the People, The Ojibwe in the Chippewa Valley

Prucha, Francis Paul, Documents of United States Indian Policy


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