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Elements of art principles of design
ELEMENTS OF ART&PRINCIPLES OF DESIGN


The elements and principles of design are the building blocks used to create a work of art. The elements of design can be thought of as the things that make up a painting, drawing, design etc. Good or bad - all paintings will contain most of if not all, the seven elements of design.


The Principles of design can be thought of as what we do to the elements of design. How we apply the Principles of design determines how successful we are in creating a work of art.


Seven elements of art
SEVEN ELEMENTS OF ART the elements of design. How we apply the Principles of design determines how successful we are in creating a work of art.

LINE

COLOR

TEXTURE

SHAPE

FORM

SPACE

VALUE


LINE the elements of design. How we apply the Principles of design determines how successful we are in creating a work of art.

  • A thin mark on a surface created by a pencil, pen, brush, or other tools. There are many types of lines. Lines can be joined together to create shapes.

  • Lines are used to define shape, contours, and outlines and also used to suggest mass and volume.

  • It may be may be a continuous mark made on a surface with a pointed tool or implied by the edge of shapes and forms.


COLOR the elements of design. How we apply the Principles of design determines how successful we are in creating a work of art.


PRIMARY COLORS the elements of design. How we apply the Principles of design determines how successful we are in creating a work of art.

RED, YELLOW, BLUE


Secondary colors
SECONDARY COLORS the elements of design. How we apply the Principles of design determines how successful we are in creating a work of art.


INTERMEDIATE COLORS the elements of design. How we apply the Principles of design determines how successful we are in creating a work of art.


Complementary colors
COMPLEMENTARY COLORS the elements of design. How we apply the Principles of design determines how successful we are in creating a work of art.


Helen Frankenthaler the elements of design. How we apply the Principles of design determines how successful we are in creating a work of art.

Bay Side (1967)

Acrylic on Canvas


The Golden Wall the elements of design. How we apply the Principles of design determines how successful we are in creating a work of art.Hans Hofmann59½ x 71½"Oil on Canvas1961The Art Institute of

Chicago


Claude Monet. the elements of design. How we apply the Principles of design determines how successful we are in creating a work of art.Haystack at the Sunset near Giverny. 1891. Oil on canvas. Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, MA, USA


Claude Monet, the elements of design. How we apply the Principles of design determines how successful we are in creating a work of art.Impression: Sunrise (1872): oil on canvas


Emil Nolde the elements of design. How we apply the Principles of design determines how successful we are in creating a work of art.

Still Life, Tulips (1930)

Watercolor on paper


Judy Pfaff the elements of design. How we apply the Principles of design determines how successful we are in creating a work of art.

Voodoo (1981)

Contact paper collage on mylar


Texture
TEXTURE the elements of design. How we apply the Principles of design determines how successful we are in creating a work of art.

The surface quality of an object.


Real texture

Real Texture the elements of design. How we apply the Principles of design determines how successful we are in creating a work of art.

The actual texture of an object.

Artists may create texture in art to give it a visual interest or evoke feeling


Implied texture

Implied Texture the elements of design. How we apply the Principles of design determines how successful we are in creating a work of art.

A two-dimensional piece of art is made to look like a certain texture but is in fact just a smooth piece of paper.


Shape form space
SHAPE the elements of design. How we apply the Principles of design determines how successful we are in creating a work of art.FORMSPACE


Shape

SHAPE the elements of design. How we apply the Principles of design determines how successful we are in creating a work of art.

Any two-dimensional image or element that is used in the artwork


FORM the elements of design. How we apply the Principles of design determines how successful we are in creating a work of art.

An object that has three dimensions.


Space

SPACE the elements of design. How we apply the Principles of design determines how successful we are in creating a work of art.

The perception of depth or dimension. It defines whether objects are in front or behind other objects, are situated around them, or projects from them.



Positive shapes negative shapes
Positive Shapes flowing, informal and irregular.&Negative Shapes


Static shape

Static Shape flowing, informal and irregular.

Shapes that appear stable and resting


Dynamic shape

Dynamic Shape flowing, informal and irregular.

Shapes that appears moving and active


Linear perspective
LINEAR PERSPECTIVE flowing, informal and irregular.


One point linear perspective
One-Point Linear Perspective flowing, informal and irregular.


Two point linear perspective
Two-Point Linear Perspective flowing, informal and irregular.


Value
VALUE flowing, informal and irregular.


The element of art and design dealing with the lightness and darkness of color in an artwork.

A color can be darkened by addingblackthat results in ashade of that color.

A color can be lightened by adding white that results in atintof that color.


  • There are many elements of art that are involved in creating, that an artist uses or manipulates to create artwork.

  • Choose three elements of art and define them.

  • Using the three elements that you defined, describe how the Picasso uses or manipulates each one in “The Old Guitarist”.


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