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Why we need to discuss this…. HISTORY OF THE FOOD GUIDE.

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History of the food guide
HISTORY OF THE FOOD GUIDE

In 1917, the first USDA food guide appeared. It was titled How to Select Foods and was written by Caroline Hunt, a nutritionist for the USDA. It ignored Dr. Atwater’s advice to limit fat and sugar intake, and instead emphasized newly discovered vitamins and minerals. Foods recommended came in 5 groups:

  • milk and meat

  • cereals

  • vegetables and fruit

  • fats and fatty foods

  • sugars and sugary foods.

    There were changes to this basic guide to help families during the wartime rationing, but it wasn’t until 1940, when the first "Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDA)" was released from the National Academy of Sciences, that the USDA changed its recommendations again.

    In 1943, it created the National Wartime Nutrition Guide, and then revised it in 1946 as the National Nutrition Guide.


The USDA's "Basic 7"

food groups from 1943 to 1956.

From 1956 until 1992 the United States Department of Agriculture recommended its Basic Four food groups.

  • Vegetables and Fruits: Recommended as excellent sources of vitamins C and A, and a good source of fiber. A dark-green or deep-yellow vegetable or fruit was recommended every other day.

  • Milk: Recommended as a good source of calcium, phosphorus, protein and riboflavin, and sometimes vitamins A and D. Cheese, ice cream, and ice milk could sometimes replace milk.

  • Meat: Recommended for protein, iron and certain B vitamins. Includes meat, poultry, fish, eggs, dry beans, dry peas, and peanut butter.

  • Cereals and Breads: Whole grain and enriched breads were especially recommended as good sources of iron, B vitamins and carbohydrates, as well as sources of protein and fiber. Includes cereals, breads, cornmeal, macaroni, noodles, rice and spaghetti.

  • "Other foods" were said to round out meals and satisfy appetites. These included additional servings from the Basic Four, or foods such as butter, margarine, salad dressing and cooking oil, sauces, jellies and syrups.


While the Food Guide Pyramid was a well-recognized symbol as a nutritional guide, as long ago as 2001 it was admitted by the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) and The National Institutes of Health (NIH) that the Food Guide Pyramid was a total failure.

80% of Americans recognized the symbol, but people had become sicker and heavier since it was updated in 1992. Its recommendations were based on uncertain scientific evidence, and were barely improved over the years to reflect major improvements in our understanding of diet and health.


Grimace from McDonald’s a nutritional guide, as long ago as 2001 it was admitted by the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) and The National Institutes of Health (NIH) that the Food Guide Pyramid was a total failure.

Wendy’s

Taco Bell

Burger King

Eat Fresh

Sub’s So Fast You’ll Freak


Changes throughout the years
Changes throughout the years a nutritional guide, as long ago as 2001 it was admitted by the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) and The National Institutes of Health (NIH) that the Food Guide Pyramid was a total failure.

1992 2005


Recommendation for 18 year old male
Recommendation for 18 year old male a nutritional guide, as long ago as 2001 it was admitted by the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) and The National Institutes of Health (NIH) that the Food Guide Pyramid was a total failure.


Recommendation for 18 year old female
Recommendation for 18 year old female a nutritional guide, as long ago as 2001 it was admitted by the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) and The National Institutes of Health (NIH) that the Food Guide Pyramid was a total failure.


Vary your veggies
VARY YOUR VEGGIES a nutritional guide, as long ago as 2001 it was admitted by the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) and The National Institutes of Health (NIH) that the Food Guide Pyramid was a total failure.


Key Consumer Message: a nutritional guide, as long ago as 2001 it was admitted by the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) and The National Institutes of Health (NIH) that the Food Guide Pyramid was a total failure.

Make at least half your grains whole grains.


GRAINS Examples of ONE a nutritional guide, as long ago as 2001 it was admitted by the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) and The National Institutes of Health (NIH) that the Food Guide Pyramid was a total failure. ounce servings

-bread one slice (4 snack size rye)

-rice ½ cup (cooked)

-bagel 1 ‘mini’ bagel 1 large bagel=4 oz

-English muffin ½ muffin 1 muffin=2 oz


-crackers 5 whole wheat a nutritional guide, as long ago as 2001 it was admitted by the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) and The National Institutes of Health (NIH) that the Food Guide Pyramid was a total failure.

-muffin 2 ½” diameter large=3oz

-pancakes 4 ½”-1

-popcorn 3 cups 1 micro bag=4oz

-pasta ½ cup cooked or 1oz dry

-tortilla 1-6” tortilla 1-12”=4oz


Key Consumer Message: a nutritional guide, as long ago as 2001 it was admitted by the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) and The National Institutes of Health (NIH) that the Food Guide Pyramid was a total failure. Make half your plate fruits and vegetables.

Vary your veggies.


Vegetable a nutritional guide, as long ago as 2001 it was admitted by the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) and The National Institutes of Health (NIH) that the Food Guide Pyramid was a total failure. Amtthat counts as 1c

DARK GREEN

-broccoli 1 cup cooked/raw

-greens 1 cup cooked

-raw leafy 2 cup raw

ORANGE

-carrots 1 cup, 2 med, 12 mini

-pumpkin 1 cup mashed, cooked

-sweet potato 1 large baked 2 ¼” diameter


DRY BEANS & PEAS a nutritional guide, as long ago as 2001 it was admitted by the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) and The National Institutes of Health (NIH) that the Food Guide Pyramid was a total failure.

-black, kidney, soy, split peas 1 cup whole or mashed, cooked

-tofu 1 cup ½” cubes (about 8 oz)

STARCHY

-Corn 1 cup, 1-8” ear

-green peas 1 cup

-white potato 1 cup diced/mashed-20 med 3” long French fries (fats)

OTHER

-cucumbers

-iceburg lettuce 2 cups=1 cup serving

-cabbage

-cauliflower

-celery

-green/red peppers

-tomatoes


Key Consumer Message: a nutritional guide, as long ago as 2001 it was admitted by the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) and The National Institutes of Health (NIH) that the Food Guide Pyramid was a total failure. Make half your plate fruits and vegetables.

Focus on Fruits.


FRUITS a nutritional guide, as long ago as 2001 it was admitted by the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) and The National Institutes of Health (NIH) that the Food Guide Pyramid was a total failure. Counts as 1 cup

-apples ½ large (3 ¼”), 1 small (2 ½”)

-banana 8-9” long

-grapes 32

-strawberries 8 large

-dried fruits ½ cup-raisins, prunes, dried apricots, etc.


Key Consumer Message: a nutritional guide, as long ago as 2001 it was admitted by the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) and The National Institutes of Health (NIH) that the Food Guide Pyramid was a total failure. Switch to fat-free or low-fat (1%) milk.

Get Calcium $ Foods.


DAIRY a nutritional guide, as long ago as 2001 it was admitted by the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) and The National Institutes of Health (NIH) that the Food Guide Pyramid was a total failure. 1 cup serving

-milk 1 cup

-yogurt 8 oz

-cheese 1 ½ oz hard, 1/3 c shredded, 2 oz processed

½ cup ricotta, 2 cups cottage

-desserts 1 cup pudding, 1 cup frozen yogurt, 1 ½ cup ice cream


Key Consumer Message: a nutritional guide, as long ago as 2001 it was admitted by the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) and The National Institutes of Health (NIH) that the Food Guide Pyramid was a total failure. Choose lean or low-fat meat and poultry

Go Lean with Protein


PROTEIN a nutritional guide, as long ago as 2001 it was admitted by the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) and The National Institutes of Health (NIH) that the Food Guide Pyramid was a total failure. 1 oz serving common portions=oz

-beef small hamburger=3oz

Small steak=4oz

Deck of cards

-ham

-pork

-chicken small breast half=3oz

-fish 1 can tuna=3oz

Small trout=3oz


-egg 1 egg a nutritional guide, as long ago as 2001 it was admitted by the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) and The National Institutes of Health (NIH) that the Food Guide Pyramid was a total failure.

-nuts/seeds ½ oz (12 almonds, 24 pistachio, 7 walnut halves) ½ oz seeds

1 oz nuts=2oz serving

-dry beans/peas ¼ c dry, ¼ cup tofu, 2 TBS hummus

1 cup bean/pea soup=2oz


Key Consumer Message a nutritional guide, as long ago as 2001 it was admitted by the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) and The National Institutes of Health (NIH) that the Food Guide Pyramid was a total failure. : Limit your intake of fats and oils


Very small amounts recommended with most of your fat sources coming from fish, nuts and vegetable oils. Limit solid fats like butter, stick margarine, shortening and lard.


Nuts, fish, cooking oil, salad dressings coming from fish, nuts and vegetable oils. Limit solid fats like butter, stick margarine, shortening and lard.

A person’s allowance for oils depends on age, sex, and level of physical activity. Daily allowances shown are appropriate for individuals who get less than 30 minutes of moderate physical activity, beyond normal daily activities.

Boys 14-18 6 teaspoons

Men 19-30 7 teaspoons

Girls 14-18 5 teaspoons

Women 19-30 6 teaspoons


Key Consumer Message: coming from fish, nuts and vegetable oils. Limit solid fats like butter, stick margarine, shortening and lard.

Find a balance between food and physical activity

Do it, get out there and move!


Plans are set up on myplate.gov according to your activity level.

0-30 min/day 30-60 min/day 60+/day

There is an activity tracker you can use to make the new food ‘pyramid’ work best for you.


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