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The Northern Research Station Improving People’s lives and the Health of our Nation’s Natural Resources. August, 2011. Protecting our Urban Forests through Earlier Pest Detection & Response “Putting the Pieces Together”. Finding Invasive Forest Damaging pests sooner…….

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Finding invasive forest damaging pests sooner

The Northern Research Station

Improving People’s lives and the Health of our Nation’s Natural Resources

August, 2011

Protecting our Urban Forests

through

Earlier Pest Detection & Response

“Putting the Pieces Together”

Finding Invasive Forest Damaging pests sooner…….

Responding better to them when we do find them…….

Result – Less Urban Tree Canopy loss from invasive pests…….

Result – Less Cost dealing with invasive pest introductions…….


State assessments action plans highlight the problem and that a better solution is needed

State Assessments & Action Plans highlight the problem ……and that a better Solution is Needed……

August, 2011

!! 58% SFRA’s listed invasive insects and diseases as a threat to Urban forests !!

!! Only 5% listed invasive species management as an ongoing U&CF success !!

Source: The December 2010 – Urban and Community Forest Related Content in 2010 Statewide Forest Resource Assessment and Strategies analysis.

TIME - The Bug That's Eating AmericaBy Anita Hamilton  July 4, 2011 Since (EAB) was found in the U.S. in 2002, it has killed some 60 million trees in 15 states. Cities will spend more than $10 billion over the next decade to try to stop...

Worcester – 30,000+ urban trees removed to deal with ALB

Detroit – Urban trees removed to deal with EAB


Solution adding a community based second line of defense

Solution: Adding a Community based “Second Line of Defense”

Building a Taller Invasive Defensive Wall

August, 2011

CAPS Trapping

Unknown Pest Reporting

First Detector Training

Diagnostic Labs

City Crew training

Public Engagement

Known Pest Protocols

Community Responses

Priority Urban Monitoring

City Inventories

Problem: Our current “First Line of Defense” is Not Enough

Campground Surveys

EDRR Trapping

Pest Vulnerability

Special Surveys

Risk Assessments

Information posting

Invasive Pest Issues


Finding invasive forest damaging pests sooner

A Systems Approach to organize a

Community based “Second Line of Defense”

August, 2011

2. Engage Priority Communities… High Risk Communities become part of a Monitoring and Response network.

( FS UCF, States-DNR, ISA, SMA)

3. Urban Tree Inventory… Community level inventories aide site specific mgmt & response decisions. (FS UCF, States-DNR, ISA, SMA)

1. Monitor in High Risk Areas...

Identify Communities at High Risk

from invasive insect and diseases.

(APHIS, FS-R, States–DOA, Universities)

The Result

An effective and efficient Urban Tree Invasive Protection

“Second Line of Defense”

4. Look for known Pests…

As part of local tree inventory and maintenance. (FS FHP, States-DOA & DNR, NIFA, SMA)

7. Identify Unknown Pests... Clear procedures for citizens to submit pest samples is key. (NIFA, FS FHP, States-DNR & DOA)

  • 5. Data Management and Analysis…

  • Aggregating local tree and pest risk data enables analysis of pest risk, trends, and management needs at multiple scales. (FS FHP & UCF, States-DNR)

  • 6. Public Engagement...

  • Citizen involvement is critical. Several successful approaches can help guide State’s citizen engagement development. (NIFA, FS FHP, States-DNR & DOA, APHIS)


Identifying high risk communities

Identifying High Risk Communities

August, 2011

Use Available Risk Information

National Level analysis is a starting pointfor state level High Risk Community identification.

Refine at the State level using localized knowledge.

These High Risk Communities provide the nodes of the“Second Line of Defense” network.

Key Partners

State UCF - State FH

Extension

State CAPS Committees

From: Potential establishment of alien-invasive forest insect species in the United States: where and how many? Frank H. Koch • Denys Yemshanov • Manuel Colunga-Garcia • Roger D. Magarey • William D. Smith


Community level urban tree inventory in at risk communities

Community Level Urban Tree Inventory (in at Risk Communities)

August, 2011

** Engage those Priority High Risk Communities to become part of the “Second Line of Defense” network!

** Most larger communities are already doing some type of inventory…

(TreeKeeper, TreeWorks)

** If not, they could be introduced to I-Tree or other Inventory packages…

** I-Tree is a free software suite that includes inventory, analysis,

and pest protocol modules…

For more information contact:

Dr. David J. Nowak [email protected]

USDA Forest Service (315) 448-3212

Northern Research Station

5 Moon Library, SUNY-ESF http://www.itreetools.org/

Syracuse, NY 13210

** But…inventories need to look for more than maintenance needs…

…They need to be looking for invasive pest THREATS …

State UCF Program

working with City Managers


Include a pest protocol in inventory and maintenance activities

Include a Pest Protocol in Inventory and Maintenance Activities

August, 2011

LOOK for known threats…

** What are the primary pests of concern?

** Ensure personnel are trained to recognize them!

** The I-Ped pest protocol is available as part of I-Tree

…or…perhaps something simpler…

** Could be a Booklet, could be plastic ID Cards.

** Can be shared as part of normal training.

Key Partners

State FHP & UCF Programs working with City Managers

**** Key ****

---- Use the existing Eyes ----

Bug holes or bullet holes?

Don’t be another Worcester!


Data mgmt and analysis

Data Mgmt and Analysis

August, 2011

** The Forest Service is developing an Urban Forest Health Information Center (UFORHIC) to use Urban Information at multiple scales …..supporting:

** Urban Tree Canopy Mgmt (I-Tree analysis modules)

** Prevention Planning (Risk Mgmt before a bad actor arrives)

** Response Decisions (after a bad actor has arrived)

Linking the data across the landscape

UFORHIC concept design:

** On Line Resource.

** Easy Data Upload & Summary download.

* Report Generators and Query Builders.

** On Line Information Clearinghouse.

* Links to the latest Pest Alerts and other pest info.

FS FHP & UCF

(Purdue/Davey Tree)

End User Advisory Group


Public engagement

Public Engagement

August, 2011

  • Engaged Citizens…..

  • They are an incredibly untapped resource that wants to help!

  • The options and approaches for engaging them are many….

There are success stories to consider….

** Key **

** State determination…how to best help the public…

…..to help you.

Key Partners

State FH – State DOA – Extension

State UCF – City Foresters


Identifying unknowns

Identifying Unknowns

August, 2011

!! An Engaged Public is Critical to finding new pests sooner !!

!! They have found the majority of initial introductions !!

!! Make it easier for them to help do this !!

** Providing known pest info is good…

….but there is more to it…!!

Three elements:

** Must be prepared to be responsive to this

increased public input.

** A clear contact point and prescreening

capacity before samples go to NPDN is key.

** Need the NPDN partnership established.

** KEY ** How to report unknown specimens for proper identification.

Key Partners

State FH – State DOA - Extension National Plant Diagnostic Network

Report Invasive Pests to:

Minnesota Department of Agriculture

Plant Protection Division

“Arrest the Pest” Hotline

651-201-6684 – Metro Area

or

1-888-545-6684 – Greater Minnesota

[email protected]


Seven steps to build the community based second line of defense

Seven Steps to Build the Community based “Second Line of Defense”

August, 2011

1. PrioritizeMonitoring… Identify the High Risk Communities in your State….

2. Engage High Risk Communities… It is in THEIR best interest to be a part of the coordinated

“Second Line of Defense” Monitoring and Reporting network....

3. Local Tree Inventories… Promote Community level inventories that support local Management

Decisions and Pest Risk Assessment….

4. Look for Known Pests… Ensure whoever is looking at trees (inventory/maintenance crews)

are trained and looking for priority pests….

5. Coordinate Individual Community Inventories …. For prevention and response planning at

multiple scales. UFORHIC could be a central source of forest health information…

6. Engage the Public….Statewide…Together (DNR, DOA) determine the best statewide approach…

Locally…help priority communities engage their publics….

7. Identify the Next Unknown…. Establish a coordinated unknown pest sample submission network

that is visible and available to the public.…

What is Needed?

** Championswith the Visionto orchestrate the process…..that’s you!


This is about

-- This is About --

August, 2011

---- Saving Urban Tree Canopy ----

---- Reducing Invasive Species Response Costs ---

by:

** Using a Logical & Effective Systems Approach…

** Applying Existing Tools and Information….

** Effective Program Collaboration….

** Catalyzing Key Partnerships….


What can be done regionally

What can be done Regionally?

August, 2011

Next Steps

Several Leadership States to…...

** Conduct the Seven Step Systems Approach…..

** Demonstrate implementing all the components…..

Demonstrate… ”Regional Support for Putting the Pieces Together”

** Sustaining Existing Urban Canopy Goals?

** Reducing Costs and Impacts Goals?

** Look for State/Multi-State opportunities to apply the Seven Step Approach ….

** EncourageProgram coordination to put theKey Partnershipsin place….

** Make sure State Foresters are fully informed….

** Leadership to Help Address the identified State Resources Assessment Need **


Recent national actions

Recent National Actions

August, 2011

** Team to describe National Initiative…. NRS/TNC/ADF/WO UCF & FH Staff…describe

National Initiative and develop implementation work plan this calendar year….

** Continental Dialogue .… Provide a forum for interagency steering /coordination of Initiative

implementation….

** ADF …. Recognize opportunity to outreach/network to many players…Partners meeting….

** NIFA ….Recognizes roles in outreach and training (First detector/IPM3) and NPDN….

** APHIS…. Recognize opportunity to link several efforts they are engaged in….

** TNC…. Interest in helping to lead efforts in major metropolitan areas (State chapters)….

** NASF Engagement .… Michael Buck… FH Committee … UCF Committee (Strategic

investments that support State Action Plan needs) ….

** Contact with SF Regional Groups….Positive discussion initiated with Southern Committees

and with CA ….

** Partners are ready and willing to actively participate….It is more about coordinated staff effort than about new money**


Seven steps to build the community based second line of defense1

Seven Steps to Build the Community based “Second Line of Defense”

August, 2011

1. PrioritizeMonitoring… Identify the High Risk Communities in your State….

2. Engage High Risk Communities… It is in THEIR best interest to be a part of the coordinated

“Second Line of Defense” Monitoring and Reporting network....

3. Local Tree Inventories… Promote Community level inventories that support local Management

Decisions and Pest Risk Assessment….

4. Look for Known Pests… Ensure whoever is looking at trees (inventory/maintenance crews)

are trained and looking for priority pests….

5. Coordinate Individual Community Inventories …. For prevention and response planning at

multiple scales. UFORHIC could be a central source of forest health information…

6. Engage the Public….Statewide…Together (DNR, DOA) determine the best statewide approach…

Locally…help priority communities engage their publics….

7. Identify the Next Unknown…. Establish a coordinated unknown pest sample submission network

that is visible and available to the public.…

This is a:

** Low Cost – High Yield – Win/Win – For the Resources and for Programs!


Finding invasive forest damaging pests sooner

The Northern Research Station – Improving People’s lives and the Health of our Nation’s Natural Resources.

August, 2011

Jerry [email protected]

Northern Research Station610-557-4180

Newtown Square, PA 19073


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