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Understanding ‘Military’ in an Educational Setting UCA Basic Training. Charlotte Strickland University of Central Arkansas Diversity Series 2014-15. The Military in Higher Education Service Members. Active Duty Reserves, National Guard ROTC (Military Science) cadets Veteran

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understanding military in an educational setting uca basic training

Understanding ‘Military’ in an Educational SettingUCABasic Training

Charlotte Strickland

University of Central Arkansas

Diversity Series 2014-15

the military in higher education service members
The Military in Higher EducationService Members
  • Active Duty
  • Reserves, National Guard
  • ROTC (Military Science) cadets
  • Veteran
  • Military family members
military definitions
Military Definitions

GWOT = Global War on Terrorism

  • Over 2.6 million personnel have fought in Iraq / Afghan
  • 57% are under age 30

OEF = Operation Enduring Freedom

  • Response to 9/11, began 7 OCT 2001
  • Large theatre of operations / Afghanistan

OIF = Operation Iraqi Freedom

  • Began 20 MAR 2003
  • Multinational operation fought entirely in Iraq
the military in higher education
The Military in Higher Education
  • Many join military with ultimate goal of college
  • Many in military more worldly/experienced/mature and realize value of furthering their education
  • College is a buffer between structured military life and civilian world
  • Two GI Bills make college affordable
financing education for military
Financing Education for Military
  • GI Bill (1944) - law that provided a range of benefits for returning World War II veterans who had been on active duty during war years for at least 90 days and had not been dishonorably discharged; combat not required. Benefits included cash payments of tuition/living expenses to attend college. It made college accessible for over 2 million veterans in the 10 years following the end of World War II. In 1985, a bill sponsored by Congressman "Sonny" Montgomery expanded the G.I. Bill. (MGIB).
    • Post 9/11 GI Bill – Congress approved 2008, began 2009. The bill provides education benefits (tuition/fees, housing allowance) for service members who have served on active duty for 90 or more days since Sept.10, 2001.Partially transferrable to dependents.
  • Vocational Rehabilitation and Employment Program
  • Yellow Ribbon Program

Veteran National Data

* Approximate Veterans in U.S.: 22 million* Male/Female: 19.7 million males, 2.3 million females* Age Ranges: 18-85+ (3 million between 25-35)* Conflicts: WW2-current 2.2 million joined after 9/11 More than 2.6 million U.S. troops veterans of Iraq/Afghanistan*UtilizingGI Bill: 3.5 million

service members diversity
Service MembersDiversity
  • Age – traditional and non-traditional
  • Gender
  • Sexual Orientation
  • Race
  • Disabilities, PTSD, TBI
  • Military branch
  • Military role: frontline/medic/fuel handler/paperwork, etc.
  • Attention
group discussion
Group Discussion
  • What images or thoughts come to mind when you hear the word military or veteran?
    • Is there a specific gender you think of?
    • Race? Ethnicity?
    • Political affiliation? Age?
    • Are there any emotions associated with these images/thoughts?
    • Where do these images and/or thoughts concerning the military or veterans come from?
transitional issues
Transitional Issues
  • Disoriented – transition from military to college
  • Loss of identity and work-related friendships
  • Feel alienated from rest of the country, isolated
  • Loss of close colleagues; haunted by memories
  • Difficulty relating to younger college students
  • Family issues & responsibilities
  • Cognitive difficulties and/or fears
  • Stereotypes
  • Boredom with everyday life
  • Academic & Administrative Staff understanding
  • Prejudice against military
  • Impatience with disrespect of authority; unruliness
  • Milyissu
what service members may experience in your class office
What Service Members may experience in your class/office
  • Discomfort with unfamiliar people or surroundings
  • The need to sit away from windows or in the back of the class, and a reluctance to speak in class
  • Sensitivity to war references and/or discussions or assignments on war; discomfort when put on spot
  • A need for increased encouragement, guidance, understanding
  • Physical issues due to injury/chronic pain
  • Non-visible injuries including but not limited to hearing, head injury, PTSD, which may impact communications
  • Reluctance to ask for assistance
  • Urgency to receive VA calls, appear at VA appointments
how can we assist
How can We assist?
  • Referrals - UCA Veteran Office, UCA Veteran Resource Center, Counseling Center, Office Disability Resources
  • Mindful - Words/assumptions/environment
  • Identity - Military/Veteran status is only part of a student’s identity

Service Members bring a wealth of life & work experience to the classroom/office and contribute to the diverse richness of the University!

Sincere Honest Present-Minded

uca veteran services
UCA Veteran Services

UCA Veteran Services

David Williams: Veteran Services CoordinatorBernard Hall, Suite 004-AUniversity of Central ArkansasConway, AR [email protected]


UCA Student Veterans’ Resource Center

Room 206D, Old Main Building

Hours M-F, 9:00 a.m. – 3:00 p.m.

Phone: 450-3353

[email protected]

Coming soon…..the Student Veteran Association

UCA registered student organization


“ I don’t need to be recognized for being in the military. You don’t have to look at me and say, ‘he’s a veteran,’ and I don’t need special preference. But in the same breath, I am appreciative of teachers and staff who say, ’yeah this is a veteran and they are not a traditional student and they require special attention.’ Academically we’re different, financially we’re different, in so many ways, we’re different.”

---- Scott Ury