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单选题的命题特点及复习对策. 一、单项选择题的命题特点. 单选题考什么?单项选择题主要考察学生语言知识的运用能力。语言知识的运用能力指学生在一定的语境中运用语音知识、语法知识、词汇知识、语用知识的能力。我省近几年的中考说明说得更为明白 —— 单项选择测试考生对所学基础英语语法和基本词汇知识的掌握情况。. 一)命题范围为:基础语法、基本词汇、日常交际 。. 1. 日常交际 1)---Excuse me! (2003) --- ? ---Are you Mr. Scott?

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一、单项选择题的命题特点

  • 单选题考什么?单项选择题主要考察学生语言知识的运用能力。语言知识的运用能力指学生在一定的语境中运用语音知识、语法知识、词汇知识、语用知识的能力。我省近几年的中考说明说得更为明白——单项选择测试考生对所学基础英语语法和基本词汇知识的掌握情况。
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一)命题范围为:基础语法、基本词汇、日常交际。一)命题范围为:基础语法、基本词汇、日常交际。
  • 1.日常交际
  • 1)---Excuse me! (2003)
  • ---?
  • ---Are you Mr. Scott?
  • A. Who B. What C. Yes D. Me
  • 2) ---Oh, no, we’ve missed the 8 o’clock train! (2003)
  • ---. There’s another one in half an hour.
  • You’re right B. That’s all right
  • C. It’s OK D. It doesn’t matter
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3)---! The traffic is moving fast!

  • (2003)
  • ---Thanks, I will.
  • Stop B. Look out
  • C. Watch D. Don’t move
  • 4)---I haven’t seen Jack for three days.
  • Is he ill? ( 2004)
  • ---. His mother told me that he was in
  • hospital.
  • A.I am afraid so B. I hope not
  • C. I don’t expect D. I am afraid not
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5)---Excuse me, is this seat taken? (2005) ---. That man got his books and left a few minutes ago.A. I’m afraid so

B. I don’t think so

C. I don’t know

D. I hope not

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2.基本语法

1)---It nearly took me an hour to walk here. (2003)

---Have a drink, then, You be thirsty.

A. should B. can C. will D. must

2)---I was told to be here before eight. (2004)

---Oh, you . I’m sorry for not telling you

that we have changed the plan.

A. must B. can’t C. may D. needn’t

2.

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3)--- It’s a secret between us. Don’t tell

anybody. (2005)

--- Sure, .

A. I do B. I don’t C. I will D. I won’t

4)---What do you think of his surfing?

(2003)

---Oh, no one does .

A. good B. well C. better D. best

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5)---What delicious cakes! (2004)

  • --- They would taste ____ with butter.
  • A. good B. better C. bad D. worse
  • 6)---We spent all our money because we
  • stayed at the most expensive hotel in
  • town.
  • --- Why didn’t you stay at one?
  • (2005)
  • a cheap B. a cheaper
  • C. the cheap D. the cheaper
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3.基本词汇

1)---Do you still have a headache, Billy?

(2003)

---No, it’s . I’m all right now, mum.

A. dropped B. run C. left D. gone

2) Mm, the tea smells nice. Where is it ?

(2004)

A. built B tried C. done D. produced

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3)---Hello, my name is Johnson.

I believe you have a room for me.

---Johnson? Oh, yes, Mr Johnson. It’s

Room 1201, on the second floor.

A.looked B. waited

C. cleaned D. booked (2005)

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二)单选题试题特点

1、语境(情景)化、口语化。单选题应着重考查学生综合运用语言知识的能力,不能孤立地考查某些知识点,更不能机械地考查对知识的记忆。

  • This machine is very easy to use. can
  • learn to use it in a short time. (2003)
  • Somebody B. Anybody
  • C. Nobody D. Few people
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2)--- A latest English newspaper,please! (2004) --- Only one copy left. Would you like to have____ , sir?A. it B. one C. this D. that3)---Have you heard of the accident about Lucy and her father?---Accident? No, I haven’t. Tell me about . (2005) A.it B. her C. him D. them

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语境(情景)化是近几年江西中考试题的最大特色,几乎在所有的单选题中都可以得到体现。语境(情景)化是近几年江西中考试题的最大特色,几乎在所有的单选题中都可以得到体现。

我省2000年以前的试题

1)What ____ you ____ when your

mother came?

A. was, doing B. did, do

C. will, do D. were, doing

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2)Is there __ in today’s newspaper?

A. something interesting

B. interesting something

C. anything interesting

D. interesting anything

3)China is __ than any other country

in Asia.

A. large B. more large

C. larger D. the largest

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02年兄弟省市试题

1) This is my friend. ___ name is Mike.

A. Her B. His C. Its D. My

2) Neither he nor I ____ from Canada.

We are from Australia.

A. is B. are C. am D. be

3) He ____the radio every morning.

A. listens to B. listens

C. hears D. hears of

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4) He often ____ us English stories.

A. speaks B. tells

C. says D. talks

5) The teacher told the students _____

in class.

A. not talk B. don’t talk

C. didn\'t’t talk D. not to talk

6) The ticket is on the floor. Would you

please ______ for me?

A. pick it up B. pick up it

C. pick up them D. pick them up

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05年兄弟省市试卷语境化增强。

1)---We have to be quick. The train starts

at 10.35. 山东

-Don’t worry. There is ______ time to go.

A.some B. few C. little D. any

2)-How about going out for a walk with

us?

---I wish I could. ______I have to finish

my homework first. 安徽

A.and B. so C. but D. or

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3)---I’m looking for Mr White. 福建厦门

  • ---He was here just now. But he ______to
  • a meeting and he won’t be back until 11.
  • A.   was B. will be
  • C. has gone D. has been
  • 4)---Don’t forget to come to my birthday
  • party tomorrow. 浙江宁波
  • --- ______.
  • I don’t B. I won’t
  • C. I can’t D. I haven’t
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5)---Peter, could you come and help me

in the kitchen, please? 长春

---Sorry, mum. I ______Lily with

her English.

A.help B. helped

C. have helped D. am helping

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2、省略化
  • 1) —What are on show in the museum? (2003)
  • —Some photos _____ by African children.
  • are taken B. were taken
  • C. taken D. have been taken
  • 2)---I was told to be here before eight. (2004)
  • ---Oh, you . I’m sorry for not telling you
  • that we have changed the plan.
  • must B. can’t
  • C. may D. needn’t
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3)---How many of these books have you

  • read? (2005)
  • --- _____of them. Every one.
  • Many B. Some C. All D. None
  • 4)---You lent me some money a few
  • months ago. (2005)
  • ---_____? I don’t remember lending you any money
  • Did I B. Did you
  • C. Do I D. Do you
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5) --- It’s a secret between us. Don’t tell

anybody. (2005)

--- Sure, .

A. I do B. I don’t C. I will D. I won’t

6.—Why are you sitting here alone,Tom?

(2004样卷)

— nothing. Just having a rest.

A. Do B. Have done

C. Doing D. Did

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二、复习对策
  • 1、对照大纲,全面梳理词汇和语法知识。
  • 打了※号的也要适当兼顾。往年也考了打※号的内容。
  • 1) —What are on show in the museum? (2003)
  • —Some photos _____ by African
  • children.
  • are taken B. were taken
  • C. taken D. have been taken
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2)---I called you yesterday evening, but

  • there was no answer. (2004)
  • ---Oh, I’m sorry. I ______dinner at my
  • friend’s house.
  • A. have B. had
  • C. was having D. have had
  • 3) --- Shopping with me? (2004)
  • --- Sorry. I have a lot of clothes _____ .
  • to wash B. washed
  • C. wash D. to be washed
slide25

4)This is song I’ve told you about. Isn’t it beautiful one? (2004)

A. the, the B. a, a

C. the , a D. a, the

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2、点拨方法,引导学生利用语境解题。

A.能利用上下文来判断时态和语态;

1)---- Jimmy is leaving for a holiday. (2004)

--- Really? Where ______ he______?

A. has /gone B. will /go

C. did / go D. does /go

2)Bill might phone while I’m out this

evening. If he ______, couldyou take

a message?

A. does B. might C. phoned D. will

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B.能找到省略句所缺少的部分;
  • 1)---- Shall we go on working?(2004)
  • ---- Yes, ______ I prefer to have a rest.
  • when B. if C. because D. though
  • 2)---Can you repeat the address, please? (05年样卷)
  • ---Lincoln Street, Number 12. ______?
  • ---Yes, thank you.
  • Got it B. Catch it
  • C. Write it D. Understand it
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C.能明确代词的指代关系。

1.--- A latest newspaper, please! (04)

--- Only one copy left. Would you have ______, sir?

A. it B. one C. this D. that

2)---- It’s a long story, but you can hardly find new words in it. (04)

---- Good! ______ it will be too hard for

children.

A. So B. And C. But D. Or

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D.能理解语意,跳出思维定势。

1)---How long has the film been on ?

---six o\'clock.

A. Before B. For C. Since D. At

2)---Have you ever seen the movie?

---Yes. When I was in Sydney, I it

three times.(2006样卷)

A. saw B. had seen

C. have seen D. would see

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3)---Mum when could I play computer

games ? (2006样卷)

---After youyour homework.

A. finished B. will finish

C. have finished D. had finished

4)He worked hard day after day, but his boss(老板)didn\'thim 2 months. He almost

had no money to buy food.

A. cost B. pay for

C. spend D. pay

slide31
3、精选试题,分类比较,触类旁通。

代词或连词

1)---Where does Dr. Black come from?

(05年样卷)

---Either Oxford or Cambridge, I can’t

remember .

A where B. which C. that D. there

2)---Everyone will make a mistake.

(05年样卷)

---Yeah, but we must correct it it gets worse.

A.when B. before C. after D. until

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3)---When shall I call you , morning or

afternoon?

--- .I’ll be in all day.(06年样卷)

A, Both B. Either C. Neither D. All

4)---Have you heard of the news about Jane

and her father?

---No, tell me what . (2006样卷)

A. it is B. she is C. he is D. they are

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5)---Would you like a drink? (2006样卷)

---Yes, please. I’d love .

A, it B. some C. one D. much

6)---I’d like to invite you to the concert this

evening. (2006样卷)

---Thank you, but I’ll be free, I’m not

sure at the moment.

A. when B. while

C. whenever D. whether

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7)---Who called you just now? (2006样卷)

---I don’t know. He hung up I could

answer it.

A. as B. after C. until D. before

slide35

动词(时态、语态等)

1)---Hi, are you Mary? I hardly recognize

you . (05年样卷)

---How funny you are! I don’t think I a

lot.

A.changed B. are changing

C. have changed D. will change

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2)---Have you seen Mr Green?” (06样卷)

---Yes, at the school gate. He with the

headmaster.

A.   is talking B. was talking

C. talked D. has talked

3)---Let’s see if the football game has

started yet. (2006样卷)

---Started? It must be clear who by

now.

A. is winning B. wins

C. has won D. would win

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4)---I wonder why Susan didn’t come to

the party? (2006样卷)

---Perhaps she .

A. didn’t invite B. wasn’t invited

C. hasn’t invited D. won’t be invited

5)---Which pen do you like better?

---The green one. Itbetter.

A. writes B. is written

C. is sold D. is used

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6)--- You don\'t look well. You\'d better see

your doctor.

--- I , but he said there\'s nothing

wrong.

A. will B. could C. have D. had

slide39

词汇

1)---Thank goodness for the thief to have

left the key to my house. (05年样卷)

---I’m sorry to hear that, but you’re really

A.careless B. funny C. kind D. lucky

2)---Hey, Tom! We’re going to play

football. Would you like to us?

---Why not? I’ll change my clothes right

now. (05年样卷)

A.watch B. help C. follow D. join

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3)---Why are you looking at me ? (2006样

---What a strange jacket you’re wearing ! it doesn’t suit you at all.

A.   here and there B. more or less

C. now and then D. up and down

4)I’m the noise last night, Mr Smith. We were having a party at that time. (2006样卷

A. tired of B. sad for

C. angry with D. sorry about

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5)—My telephone number is 67352781.

—Just let me that. 67352781.

—That’s it.

A. say B. check C. find D. read

6)—Well, it’s 260-0472.

—Just a minute. Let me ___ a pencil…

What was that again?

A. take B. have C. bring D. get

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7)--- Xiaomei is a kind girl. She is always

ready to help others .

---So she is . She thinks it a .

A. pleasure B. job

C. business D. duty

8)--- Would you be so kind to give me

a? I am too tired to walk any farther.

---I\'m so sorry but the car is so crowded.

A. hand B. place C. drive D.seat

slide43

情态动词

1)---The weather report says the

temperature is below zero and there’s a

chance of rain. (05年样卷)

---So I guess you wear a coat and take

an umbrella with you.

A.can B. may C. should D. would

2)---Isn’t that Tony’s wife over there?

---No, it be her. I’m sure she doesn’t

wear glasses. A.mustn’t B. can’t

(05样卷) C. won’t D. may not

slide44

3)---May I have an apple, Mum? (05年样卷)

---Certainly. But you ____ wash your

hands first.

A. may B. can C. must D. need

4)---I haven’t heard from my sister since

last month. (2006样卷)

---Don’t worry, Charlie. Letters from the

UK be slow sometimes.

A. need to B. should C. can D.must

slide45

5)---Who is that woman talking with our

teacher? (2006样卷)

---It be Jim’s mother. Well, I’m not

sure.

A. can B. should C. might D. must

6)---Someone has taken my science book.

(2006样卷)

---Who it be ? Everyone has got one.

A. could B. must C. should D. would

slide46

省略

1)---What made you so sad? (2006样卷)

--- three tickets to the pop music concert.

A.Losing B. Lost

C. To lost D. Because of losing

2)---What’s Tom’s favorite? (2006样卷)

--- .

A. Play football B. Plays football

C. Playing football D. Played football

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3)---How soon will the job be finished? (2006样卷)

  • ---.
  • On time B. Very quickly
  • C. Not until 8 D. At 8
  • 4)---Shall Tom go and play football? (2006样卷)
  • ---Not he has finished his homework.
  • A. when B. if C. once D. unless
slide48

5)---Come and see me. I’ll show you my

  • house. (2006样卷)
  • ---Whenever .
  • I’ll be free B. you are free
  • C. you’ll be free D. I’m free
  • 6)---What did the teacher tell us to do? (2006样卷)
  • --- so much noise while the next class is having test.
  • A. Don’t make B. Not to make
  • C. To make D. Making
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7)---Why do you get up so early?

--- the first bus.

A. To catch B. Catching

C. Catch D. Having caught

8)---I’ll go to Tom’s party on Sunday?

---I won’t if .

A.not invited B. to be invited

C.I invite D. not inviting

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形容词、副词比较级

1)---Six? Let’s make it . (2006样卷)

---OK, a quarter past six.

A. more B. earlier C. longer C. later

2)---Who did in the relay race? (06样卷)

---Class 3. They are much faster than the other classes.

A. well B. better C. the better D. the best

slide51

3)---Whom would you like to be your

assistant, Jack or David? (2006样卷)

---If I had no choice, David would be

choice.

A. good B. better

C. the better D. the best

4)---I like the music very much.

---Me, too. It sounds .

A. sweet B. terrible

C. terribly D. beautifully

slide52

5)—What about the sleeping pills I gave you?Don\'t they work?

—Yes, but not very.

A. good B. well C. bad D. badly

愿望:单选题容易些!

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