单选题的命题特点及复习对策
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单选题的命题特点及复习对策. 一、单项选择题的命题特点. 单选题考什么?单项选择题主要考察学生语言知识的运用能力。语言知识的运用能力指学生在一定的语境中运用语音知识、语法知识、词汇知识、语用知识的能力。我省近几年的中考说明说得更为明白 —— 单项选择测试考生对所学基础英语语法和基本词汇知识的掌握情况。. 一)命题范围为:基础语法、基本词汇、日常交际 。. 1. 日常交际 1)---Excuse me! (2003) --- ? ---Are you Mr. Scott?

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一、单项选择题的命题特点

  • 单选题考什么?单项选择题主要考察学生语言知识的运用能力。语言知识的运用能力指学生在一定的语境中运用语音知识、语法知识、词汇知识、语用知识的能力。我省近几年的中考说明说得更为明白——单项选择测试考生对所学基础英语语法和基本词汇知识的掌握情况。


一)命题范围为:基础语法、基本词汇、日常交际一)命题范围为:基础语法、基本词汇、日常交际。

  • 1.日常交际

  • 1)---Excuse me! (2003)

  • ---?

  • ---Are you Mr. Scott?

  • A. Who B. What C. Yes D. Me

  • 2) ---Oh, no, we’ve missed the 8 o’clock train! (2003)

  • ---. There’s another one in half an hour.

  • You’re right B. That’s all right

  • C. It’s OK D. It doesn’t matter


  • 3)---一)命题范围为:基础语法、基本词汇、日常交际! The traffic is moving fast!

  • (2003)

  • ---Thanks, I will.

  • Stop B. Look out

  • C. Watch D. Don’t move

  • 4)---I haven’t seen Jack for three days.

  • Is he ill? ( 2004)

  • ---. His mother told me that he was in

  • hospital.

  • A.I am afraid so B. I hope not

  • C. I don’t expect D. I am afraid not


5)---Excuse me, is this seat taken? (2005)一)命题范围为:基础语法、基本词汇、日常交际 ---. That man got his books and left a few minutes ago.A. I’m afraid so

B. I don’t think so

C. I don’t know

D. I hope not


2.一)命题范围为:基础语法、基本词汇、日常交际基本语法

1)---It nearly took me an hour to walk here. (2003)

---Have a drink, then, You be thirsty.

A. should B. can C. will D. must

2)---I was told to be here before eight. (2004)

---Oh, you . I’m sorry for not telling you

that we have changed the plan.

A. must B. can’t C. may D. needn’t

2.


3)--- It’s a secret between us. Don’t tell 一)命题范围为:基础语法、基本词汇、日常交际

anybody. (2005)

--- Sure, .

A. I do B. I don’t C. I will D. I won’t

4)---What do you think of his surfing?

(2003)

---Oh, no one does .

A. good B. well C. better D. best


  • 5)---What delicious cakes! (2004)一)命题范围为:基础语法、基本词汇、日常交际

  • --- They would taste ____ with butter.

  • A. good B. better C. bad D. worse

  • 6)---We spent all our money because we

  • stayed at the most expensive hotel in

  • town.

  • --- Why didn’t you stay at one?

  • (2005)

  • a cheap B. a cheaper

  • C. the cheap D. the cheaper


3.一)命题范围为:基础语法、基本词汇、日常交际基本词汇

1)---Do you still have a headache, Billy?

(2003)

---No, it’s . I’m all right now, mum.

A. dropped B. run C. left D. gone

2) Mm, the tea smells nice. Where is it ?

(2004)

A. built B tried C. done D. produced


3)---Hello, my name is Johnson. 一)命题范围为:基础语法、基本词汇、日常交际

I believe you have a room for me.

---Johnson? Oh, yes, Mr Johnson. It’s

Room 1201, on the second floor.

A.looked B. waited

C. cleaned D. booked (2005)


二)单选题试题特点一)命题范围为:基础语法、基本词汇、日常交际

1、语境(情景)化、口语化。单选题应着重考查学生综合运用语言知识的能力,不能孤立地考查某些知识点,更不能机械地考查对知识的记忆。

  • This machine is very easy to use. can

  • learn to use it in a short time. (2003)

  • Somebody B. Anybody

  • C. Nobody D. Few people


2)--- A latest English newspaper一)命题范围为:基础语法、基本词汇、日常交际,please! (2004) --- Only one copy left. Would you like to have____ , sir?A. it B. one C. this D. that3)---Have you heard of the accident about Lucy and her father?---Accident? No, I haven’t. Tell me about . (2005) A.it B. her C. him D. them


语境(情景)化是近几年江西中考试题的最大特色,几乎在所有的单选题中都可以得到体现。语境(情景)化是近几年江西中考试题的最大特色,几乎在所有的单选题中都可以得到体现。

我省2000年以前的试题

1)What ____ you ____ when your

mother came?

A. was, doing B. did, do

C. will, do D. were, doing


2语境(情景)化是近几年江西中考试题的最大特色,几乎在所有的单选题中都可以得到体现。)Is there __ in today’s newspaper?

A. something interesting

B. interesting something

C. anything interesting

D. interesting anything

3)China is __ than any other country

in Asia.

A. large B. more large

C. larger D. the largest


02语境(情景)化是近几年江西中考试题的最大特色,几乎在所有的单选题中都可以得到体现。年兄弟省市试题

1) This is my friend. ___ name is Mike.

A. Her B. His C. Its D. My

2) Neither he nor I ____ from Canada.

We are from Australia.

A. is B. are C. am D. be

3) He ____the radio every morning.

A. listens to B. listens

C. hears D. hears of


4语境(情景)化是近几年江西中考试题的最大特色,几乎在所有的单选题中都可以得到体现。) He often ____ us English stories.

A. speaks B. tells

C. says D. talks

5) The teacher told the students _____

in class.

A. not talk B. don’t talk

C. didn't’t talk D. not to talk

6) The ticket is on the floor. Would you

please ______ for me?

A. pick it up B. pick up it

C. pick up them D. pick them up


05语境(情景)化是近几年江西中考试题的最大特色,几乎在所有的单选题中都可以得到体现。年兄弟省市试卷语境化增强。

1)---We have to be quick. The train starts

at 10.35. 山东

-Don’t worry. There is ______ time to go.

A.some B. few C. little D. any

2)-How about going out for a walk with

us?

---I wish I could. ______I have to finish

my homework first. 安徽

A.and B. so C. but D. or


  • 3)---I’m looking for Mr White. 语境(情景)化是近几年江西中考试题的最大特色,几乎在所有的单选题中都可以得到体现。福建厦门

  • ---He was here just now. But he ______to

  • a meeting and he won’t be back until 11.

  • A.   was B. will be

  • C. has gone D. has been

  • 4)---Don’t forget to come to my birthday

  • party tomorrow. 浙江宁波

  • --- ______.

  • I don’t B. I won’t

  • C. I can’t D. I haven’t


5)---Peter, could you come and help me 语境(情景)化是近几年江西中考试题的最大特色,几乎在所有的单选题中都可以得到体现。

in the kitchen, please? 长春

---Sorry, mum. I ______Lily with

her English.

A.help B. helped

C. have helped D. am helping


2语境(情景)化是近几年江西中考试题的最大特色,几乎在所有的单选题中都可以得到体现。、省略化

  • 1) —What are on show in the museum? (2003)

  • —Some photos _____ by African children.

  • are taken B. were taken

  • C. taken D. have been taken

  • 2)---I was told to be here before eight. (2004)

  • ---Oh, you . I’m sorry for not telling you

  • that we have changed the plan.

  • must B. can’t

  • C. may D. needn’t


  • 3)---How many of these books have you 语境(情景)化是近几年江西中考试题的最大特色,几乎在所有的单选题中都可以得到体现。

  • read? (2005)

  • --- _____of them. Every one.

  • Many B. Some C. All D. None

  • 4)---You lent me some money a few

  • months ago. (2005)

  • ---_____? I don’t remember lending you any money

  • Did I B. Did you

  • C. Do I D. Do you


5) --- It’s a secret between us. Don’t tell 语境(情景)化是近几年江西中考试题的最大特色,几乎在所有的单选题中都可以得到体现。

anybody. (2005)

--- Sure, .

A. I do B. I don’t C. I will D. I won’t

6.—Why are you sitting here alone,Tom?

(2004样卷)

— nothing. Just having a rest.

A. Do B. Have done

C. Doing D. Did


二、复习对策语境(情景)化是近几年江西中考试题的最大特色,几乎在所有的单选题中都可以得到体现。

  • 1、对照大纲,全面梳理词汇和语法知识。

  • 打了※号的也要适当兼顾。往年也考了打※号的内容。

  • 1) —What are on show in the museum? (2003)

  • —Some photos _____ by African

  • children.

  • are taken B. were taken

  • C. taken D. have been taken


  • 2)---I called you yesterday evening, but 语境(情景)化是近几年江西中考试题的最大特色,几乎在所有的单选题中都可以得到体现。

  • there was no answer. (2004)

  • ---Oh, I’m sorry. I ______dinner at my

  • friend’s house.

  • A. have B. had

  • C. was having D. have had

  • 3) --- Shopping with me? (2004)

  • --- Sorry. I have a lot of clothes _____ .

  • to wash B. washed

  • C. wash D. to be washed


4)This is 语境(情景)化是近几年江西中考试题的最大特色,几乎在所有的单选题中都可以得到体现。song I’ve told you about. Isn’t it beautiful one? (2004)

A. the, the B. a, a

C. the , a D. a, the


2语境(情景)化是近几年江西中考试题的最大特色,几乎在所有的单选题中都可以得到体现。、点拨方法,引导学生利用语境解题。

A.能利用上下文来判断时态和语态;

1)---- Jimmy is leaving for a holiday. (2004)

--- Really? Where ______ he______?

A. has /gone B. will /go

C. did / go D. does /go

2)Bill might phone while I’m out this

evening. If he ______, couldyou take

a message?

A. does B. might C. phoned D. will


B.语境(情景)化是近几年江西中考试题的最大特色,几乎在所有的单选题中都可以得到体现。能找到省略句所缺少的部分;

  • 1)---- Shall we go on working?(2004)

  • ---- Yes, ______ I prefer to have a rest.

  • when B. if C. because D. though

  • 2)---Can you repeat the address, please? (05年样卷)

  • ---Lincoln Street, Number 12. ______?

  • ---Yes, thank you.

  • Got it B. Catch it

  • C. Write it D. Understand it


C.语境(情景)化是近几年江西中考试题的最大特色,几乎在所有的单选题中都可以得到体现。能明确代词的指代关系。

1.--- A latest newspaper, please! (04)

--- Only one copy left. Would you have ______, sir?

A. it B. one C. this D. that

2)---- It’s a long story, but you can hardly find new words in it. (04)

---- Good! ______ it will be too hard for

children.

A. So B. And C. But D. Or


D.语境(情景)化是近几年江西中考试题的最大特色,几乎在所有的单选题中都可以得到体现。能理解语意,跳出思维定势。

1)---How long has the film been on ?

---six o'clock.

A. Before B. For C. Since D. At

2)---Have you ever seen the movie?

---Yes. When I was in Sydney, I it

three times.(2006样卷)

A. saw B. had seen

C. have seen D. would see


3语境(情景)化是近几年江西中考试题的最大特色,几乎在所有的单选题中都可以得到体现。)---Mum when could I play computer

games ? (2006样卷)

---After youyour homework.

A. finished B. will finish

C. have finished D. had finished

4)He worked hard day after day, but his boss(老板)didn'thim 2 months. He almost

had no money to buy food.

A. cost B. pay for

C. spend D. pay


3语境(情景)化是近几年江西中考试题的最大特色,几乎在所有的单选题中都可以得到体现。、精选试题,分类比较,触类旁通。

代词或连词

1)---Where does Dr. Black come from?

(05年样卷)

---Either Oxford or Cambridge, I can’t

remember .

A where B. which C. that D. there

2)---Everyone will make a mistake.

(05年样卷)

---Yeah, but we must correct it it gets worse.

A.when B. before C. after D. until


3)---When shall I call you , morning or 语境(情景)化是近几年江西中考试题的最大特色,几乎在所有的单选题中都可以得到体现。

afternoon?

--- .I’ll be in all day.(06年样卷)

A, Both B. Either C. Neither D. All

4)---Have you heard of the news about Jane

and her father?

---No, tell me what . (2006样卷)

A. it is B. she is C. he is D. they are


5)---Would you like a drink? (2006语境(情景)化是近几年江西中考试题的最大特色,几乎在所有的单选题中都可以得到体现。样卷)

---Yes, please. I’d love .

A, it B. some C. one D. much

6)---I’d like to invite you to the concert this

evening. (2006样卷)

---Thank you, but I’ll be free, I’m not

sure at the moment.

A. when B. while

C. whenever D. whether


7)---Who called you just now? (2006语境(情景)化是近几年江西中考试题的最大特色,几乎在所有的单选题中都可以得到体现。样卷)

---I don’t know. He hung up I could

answer it.

A. as B. after C. until D. before


动词(时态、语态等)语境(情景)化是近几年江西中考试题的最大特色,几乎在所有的单选题中都可以得到体现。

1)---Hi, are you Mary? I hardly recognize

you . (05年样卷)

---How funny you are! I don’t think I a

lot.

A.changed B. are changing

C. have changed D. will change


2)---Have you seen Mr Green?” (06语境(情景)化是近几年江西中考试题的最大特色,几乎在所有的单选题中都可以得到体现。样卷)

---Yes, at the school gate. He with the

headmaster.

A.   is talking B. was talking

C. talked D. has talked

3)---Let’s see if the football game has

started yet. (2006样卷)

---Started? It must be clear who by

now.

A. is winning B. wins

C. has won D. would win


4)---I wonder why Susan didn’t come to 语境(情景)化是近几年江西中考试题的最大特色,几乎在所有的单选题中都可以得到体现。

the party? (2006样卷)

---Perhaps she .

A. didn’t invite B. wasn’t invited

C. hasn’t invited D. won’t be invited

5)---Which pen do you like better?

---The green one. Itbetter.

A. writes B. is written

C. is sold D. is used


6)--- You don't look well. You'd better see 语境(情景)化是近几年江西中考试题的最大特色,几乎在所有的单选题中都可以得到体现。

your doctor.

--- I , but he said there's nothing

wrong.

A. will B. could C. have D. had


词汇语境(情景)化是近几年江西中考试题的最大特色,几乎在所有的单选题中都可以得到体现。

1)---Thank goodness for the thief to have

left the key to my house. (05年样卷)

---I’m sorry to hear that, but you’re really

A.careless B. funny C. kind D. lucky

2)---Hey, Tom! We’re going to play

football. Would you like to us?

---Why not? I’ll change my clothes right

now. (05年样卷)

A.watch B. help C. follow D. join


3)-语境(情景)化是近几年江西中考试题的最大特色,几乎在所有的单选题中都可以得到体现。--Why are you looking at me ? (2006样

---What a strange jacket you’re wearing ! it doesn’t suit you at all.

A.   here and there B. more or less

C. now and then D. up and down

4)I’m the noise last night, Mr Smith. We were having a party at that time. (2006样卷

A. tired of B. sad for

C. angry with D. sorry about


5)语境(情景)化是近几年江西中考试题的最大特色,几乎在所有的单选题中都可以得到体现。—My telephone number is 67352781.

—Just let me that. 67352781.

—That’s it.

A. say B. check C. find D. read

6)—Well, it’s 260-0472.

—Just a minute. Let me ___ a pencil…

What was that again?

A. take B. have C. bring D. get


7)--- Xiaomei is a kind girl. She is always 语境(情景)化是近几年江西中考试题的最大特色,几乎在所有的单选题中都可以得到体现。

ready to help others .

---So she is . She thinks it a .

A. pleasure B. job

C. business D. duty

8)--- Would you be so kind to give me

a? I am too tired to walk any farther.

---I'm so sorry but the car is so crowded.

A. hand B. place C. drive D.seat


情态动词语境(情景)化是近几年江西中考试题的最大特色,几乎在所有的单选题中都可以得到体现。

1)---The weather report says the

temperature is below zero and there’s a

chance of rain. (05年样卷)

---So I guess you wear a coat and take

an umbrella with you.

A.can B. may C. should D. would

2)---Isn’t that Tony’s wife over there?

---No, it be her. I’m sure she doesn’t

wear glasses. A.mustn’t B. can’t

(05样卷) C. won’t D. may not


3)---May I have an apple, Mum? 语境(情景)化是近几年江西中考试题的最大特色,几乎在所有的单选题中都可以得到体现。(05年样卷)

---Certainly. But you ____ wash your

hands first.

A. may B. can C. must D. need

4)---I haven’t heard from my sister since

last month. (2006样卷)

---Don’t worry, Charlie. Letters from the

UK be slow sometimes.

A. need to B. should C. can D.must


5)---Who is that woman talking with our 语境(情景)化是近几年江西中考试题的最大特色,几乎在所有的单选题中都可以得到体现。

teacher? (2006样卷)

---It be Jim’s mother. Well, I’m not

sure.

A. can B. should C. might D. must

6)---Someone has taken my science book.

(2006样卷)

---Who it be ? Everyone has got one.

A. could B. must C. should D. would


省略语境(情景)化是近几年江西中考试题的最大特色,几乎在所有的单选题中都可以得到体现。

1)---What made you so sad? (2006样卷)

--- three tickets to the pop music concert.

A.Losing B. Lost

C. To lost D. Because of losing

2)---What’s Tom’s favorite? (2006样卷)

--- .

A. Play football B. Plays football

C. Playing football D. Played football


  • 3)---How soon will the job be finished? (2006语境(情景)化是近几年江西中考试题的最大特色,几乎在所有的单选题中都可以得到体现。样卷)

  • ---.

  • On time B. Very quickly

  • C. Not until 8 D. At 8

  • 4)---Shall Tom go and play football? (2006样卷)

  • ---Not he has finished his homework.

  • A. when B. if C. once D. unless


  • 5)---Come and see me. I’ll show you my 语境(情景)化是近几年江西中考试题的最大特色,几乎在所有的单选题中都可以得到体现。

  • house. (2006样卷)

  • ---Whenever .

  • I’ll be free B. you are free

  • C. you’ll be free D. I’m free

  • 6)---What did the teacher tell us to do? (2006样卷)

  • --- so much noise while the next class is having test.

  • A. Don’t make B. Not to make

  • C. To make D. Making


7)---Why do you get up so early?语境(情景)化是近几年江西中考试题的最大特色,几乎在所有的单选题中都可以得到体现。

--- the first bus.

A. To catch B. Catching

C. Catch D. Having caught

8)---I’ll go to Tom’s party on Sunday?

---I won’t if .

A.not invited B. to be invited

C.I invite D. not inviting


形容词、副词比较级语境(情景)化是近几年江西中考试题的最大特色,几乎在所有的单选题中都可以得到体现。

1)---Six? Let’s make it . (2006样卷)

---OK, a quarter past six.

A. more B. earlier C. longer C. later

2)---Who did in the relay race? (06样卷)

---Class 3. They are much faster than the other classes.

A. well B. better C. the better D. the best


3)---Whom would you like to be your 语境(情景)化是近几年江西中考试题的最大特色,几乎在所有的单选题中都可以得到体现。

assistant, Jack or David? (2006样卷)

---If I had no choice, David would be

choice.

A. good B. better

C. the better D. the best

4)---I like the music very much.

---Me, too. It sounds .

A. sweet B. terrible

C. terribly D. beautifully


5)—What about the sleeping pills I gave you?Don't they work?

—Yes, but not very.

A. good B. well C. bad D. badly

愿望:单选题容易些!


Thank you! work?


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