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IMPERIALISM 1890’S-1900’S. FOCUS ON SPANISH AMERICAN WAR, TR , TAFT AND WW. KEY INFLUENCES. 1-Missionaries Rev. Josiah Strong— “Our Country: It’s Possible Future and Present Crisis”—missionary work. American Missionaries In China, 1905. Social Darwinism. White Man’s Burden.

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imperialism 1890 s 1900 s

IMPERIALISM1890’S-1900’S

FOCUS ON SPANISH AMERICAN WAR, TR , TAFT AND WW

key influences
KEY INFLUENCES
  • 1-Missionaries
  • Rev. Josiah Strong— “Our Country: It’s Possible Future and Present Crisis”—missionary work

American Missionaries

In China, 1905

social darwinism
Social Darwinism

White Man’s Burden

Hierarchy of Race

commercial business interests
Commercial/Business Interests

US Foreign Investments

1869-1908

american frontier closed
American Frontier-Closed

Frederick

Jackson

Turner’s

Frontier

Thesis--

problems in cuba
PROBLEMS IN CUBA
  • 1895-REVOLT VS. SPANISH GOV’T
  • “SCORCHED EARTH” POLICY
  • BUTCHER WEYLER—

Reconcentration Camps

yellow journalism
Yellow Journalism
  • Pulitzer & Hearst

Hearst to Frederick Remington:You furnish the pictures, and I’ll furnish the war!

feb 9 th 1898 de lome letter
Feb. 9th 1898De Lome Letter

Private letter by Spanish Ambassador to US

McKinley is “weak”

**popular opinion=war

**business---no war

teddy roosevelt
Assistant Secretary of the Navy in the McKinley administration.

Imperialist and American nationalist.

Criticized PresidentMcKinley as having the backbone of a chocolate éclair!

Resigns his position to fight in Cuba.

Teddy Roosevelt
the us involved in cuba
THE US INVOLVED IN CUBA

USS Maine sent to evacuate Americans out of Havana

-Feb. 15th 1898---Maine blew up in Havana Harbor

blame???

spanish american war
SPANISH AMERICAN WAR
  • Spain orders warships to Cuba
  • Admiral Cervera—blockaded by American fleet in Santiago harbor
  • US forces unprepared—malaria, yellow fever & typhoid; food & clothes
  • Disorganized Fighting
    • El Caney—July 1st
    • San Juan Hill
    • Spanish troops outnumbered and outgunned

August 12, 1898---armistice—5000 die of disease

only 400 men die from war injuries

problems in the philippines
PROBLEMS IN THE PHILIPPINES
  • 1-ADMIRAL DEWEY IN HONG KONG
  • TOLD TO TAKE PHIL IF US DECLARES WAR ON SPAIN
  • 2-MAY 1898—DEWEY DESTROYS SPANISH FLEET
  • 3-AUGUST 1898-MANILA SURRENDERS
emilio aguinaldo freedom fighter
Emilio Aguinaldo-Freedom Fighter

Philippine Independence-1946

treaty of paris 1898
Treaty of Paris, 1898
  • Cuba was freed from Spanish rule.
  • Spain gave up Puerto Rico and the island ofGuam.
  • The U. S. paid Spain$20 mil. for thePhilippines.
  • The U. S. becomesan imperial power!
key acts
KEY ACTS
  • 1-TELLER AMENDMENT
  • WITHDRAW BY 1902—give Cubans freedom after the war
  • 2-PLATT AMENDMENT 1901
  • US CAN INTERVENE
  • CUBA DEVELOPS CONSTITUTION
  • NAVAL BASE
anti imperialist league
ANTI-IMPERIALIST LEAGUE
  • Mark Twain, William James, Samuel Gompers, Andrew Carnegie, WJ Bryan
  • Dislike imperialism; conflict
  • Argument
      • Too much despotism (colonialism)
        • Vs Trade/Profits/Natural resources
tr as president
TR AS PRESIDENT
  • 1-PANAMA CANAL
  • 1850 Clayton-Bulwer Treaty.
  • 1901  Hay-Paunceforte Treaty.
  • Philippe Bunau-Varilla, agent provocateur.
  • Dr. Walter Reed.
  • 1903  Hay-Bunau- Varilla Treaty
slide26
TR
  • “Encourages” a Panamian Revolution
  • Prevents Columbian forces entering area
  • Pushes for independence
panama canal
Panama Canal

TR in Panama

Construction starts in 1904

roosevelt corollary to the monroe doctrine 1905
Chronic wrongdoing… may in America, as elsewhere, ultimately require intervention by some civilized nation, and in the Western Hemisphere the adherence of the United States to the Monroe Doctrine may force the United States, however reluctantly, in flagrant cases of such wrongdoing or impotence, to the exercise of an international police power .Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine 1905
tr continued
TR continued

*continued occupation of Philippines

After (US-Phil War 1899+)

Aguinaldo fought US

  • 4-Russo-Japanese
  • War 1904
  • Portsmouth Treaty

Nobel Peace Prize

For TR

yellow peril
Yellow Peril
  • Problems in California
  • Gentlemen’s Agreement
  • Root-Takihira Agreement
great white fleet 1907
Great White Fleet 1907

End of TR’s Presidency . . . . .

slide35

Taft as President

“Dollar Diplomacy”

1-Improve financialopportunities for American businesses.

2-Use private capital tofurther U. S. interestsoverseas.

3- the U.S. should create stability and order abroad that would best promote America’s commercial interests.

wilson as president moral diplomacy
Wilson as President“Moral Diplomacy”

*The U. S. shouldbe the conscienceof the world.

*Spread democracy.

*Promote peace.

*Condemn colonialism

1 st actions of wilson
1st Actions of Wilson
  • 1-repeal Panama Canal Tolls Act
  • 2-Jones Act 1916
  • 3- Haiti Civil War 1915
  • 4-Problems in Dom. Republic
  • 5-US buys Virgin Islands from Denmark 1917
mexican revolution 1910
Mexican Revolution 1910
  • Huerta seizes control of Mexico
    • Should US send troops to protect US Business?
  • Carranza, Pancho Villa & Emiliano Zapata fought against Huerta.
  • The U.S. also got involved by occupying Veracruz
  • Problems with US sailors in Tampico 1914
  • Carranza would gain power in Mexico after Huerta’s gov’t collapses
  • Wilson sends Gen. Pershing to fight Villa as he attacks along US/Mexican Border
slide39

Zapata

Pancho Villa

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