Cradle to cradle en wat ecologische duurzaamheid nog meer is
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Cradle to Cradle, en wat (ecologische) duurzaamheid nog meer is. Prof.dr.ir. Taeke M. de Jong Almere 20071021. Lagen in het afwegingskader. Paradox of scale. Levels of scale to be aware of. Different levels of scale mean different legend units, categories, views, approaches, conclusions.

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Cradle to Cradle, en wat (ecologische) duurzaamheid nog meer is

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Cradle to cradle en wat ecologische duurzaamheid nog meer is

Cradle to Cradle, en wat (ecologische) duurzaamheid nog meer is

Prof.dr.ir. Taeke M. de Jong

Almere 20071021


Lagen in het afwegingskader

Lagen in het afwegingskader


Paradox of scale

Paradox of scale


Levels of scale to be aware of

Levels of scale to be aware of

  • Different levels of scale mean different legend units, categories, views, approaches, conclusions


Context analysis

Contextanalysis


For example 4 usual scenarios

For example: 4 usual scenarios

Scale? Culture? Technology? Ecology? Space?


Is only one of 10 65 scenarios

‘+!’ is only one of 1065 scenarios


Questionnaire of future s

Questionnaire of futures

  • Field of problems = Probable - Desirable

  • Field of aims = Desirable - Probable


Journals 28 october 2007

Dutch cradle to craft

Journals28 October 2007

Advertentietekst:

‘Aan het einde van een lang leven wordt je oude auto vakkundig gedemonteerd. 85% ervan wordt hergebruikt, en binnenkort is datzelfs 95%.

De vulling van de autostoelen wordt opnieuw gebruikt als isolatie en in sportmatten, autoramen en koplampen wordenflessen, en de banden bijvoorbeeld rubberen stoeptegels.

Vandaag recyclen we onze3 miljoenste auto. Daar kunnen we met z’n allen trots op zijn!

De autobranche zegt wel eens: ‘Was iedereen maar zo netjes op het milieu.’

Auto Recycling Nederland is een onderneming van BOVAG, FOCWA, RAI en STIBA. www.arn.nl, email: [email protected]


Cradle to cradle extending r 1m

Cradle to cradle extending R=1m

  • From recycling into upgrading beforehand

  • Leaving more possibilities

  • Choice for future generations supposes

    • not only our choice.

  • Freedom of choice supposes

    • diversity, opportunity to choose (risk cover for life);

    • health, ability to choose.


Declining biodiversity and health

Declining biodiversity and health

  • No other environmental problems

    • even energy is no durable problem if it does not affect biodiversity or health at last

    • solar power = 6000 x current human use of energy after all.

  • Complex on itself

    • local, regional, continental or global diversity?

    • within a year, a decade, a century?

    • the same applies for health.


Rarity

Rarity

  • measures the uniqueness of location

  • drives evolution, biodiversity, surprise

  • motivates technical innovation

  • determines economic scarcity, value

  • determines cultural identity, pride

  • touches the electorate of governance

  • touches all layers


Rarity and reparab ility evaluating alternatives by space and time

Rarity and reparabilityevaluating alternatives by space and time


C ontinental vegetation types

Continental vegetation types

Dutch rarity: water management

Bohn et al.(2001)


Water secret of dutch diversity

Water, secret of Dutch diversity

De Bruin (2007)


Different ecologies involved

Different ecologies involved


Land water gradients r 100m

Land water gradients R=100m


Land water gradients r 10m

Land water gradients R=10m


Boundary richness condition of diversity

Boundary richness,condition of diversity

Limes convergens, limes divergens, gradient


Ecological tolerance

Ecologicaltolerance


Quality f variation

Quality = f(variation)


The ecologist s view

The ecologist’s view

  • Andrewartha (1961):Ecology is the scientific study of the distribution and abundance of organisms.

  • Krebs, C.J. (1972, 1992): Ecology is the scientific study of the the interactions that determine the distribution and abundance of organisms.

  • Begon; Harper; Townsend (1996): Ecology is the scientific study of the the interactions that determine thedistribution and abundanceof organisms, populations and communities.


The designer s view state of distribution form

The designer’s view: state of distribution(form)


Alternatives of form states of dispersion on one level of scale

Alternatives of form: states of dispersion on one level of scale


The dispersion of two world wide rare species

The dispersion of two world-wide rare species

marsh fleawort (moerasandijvie)

black-tailed godwit

(grutto)


Autecology dispersion of one population and its habitat

Autecology: dispersion of one population and its habitat

Gadwall duck

(krakeend)

04 Garland Weed Class (eendekroosklasse)


States of human dispersion on different levels of scale

States of human dispersionon different levels of scale


Principles of urban extension

Principles of urban extension


Built and open space

Built and open space


Interpreting h n s pampus

Interpreting H+N+S Pampus


Interpreting hosper pampus

Interpreting Hosper Pampus


Interpreting tka pampus

Interpreting TKA Pampus


Interpolating plans to 50 000 inhabitants each spatial scenarios

Interpolating plans to 50 000 inhabitants each(spatial scenarios)

to compare states of dispersion (form)


Open space

Open space


Possibilities for nature h n s

Possibilities for nature (H+N+S)


Possibilities for recreation h n s

Possibilities for recreation (H+N+S)


Open space first

Open space first


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