一、英语特点
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一、英语特点. 知识点分散,记忆麻烦 --- 细致耐心; 同样知识不同角度 --- 作题适量多总结思考; 语感的培养很重要 --- 不要放弃听说训练; 一分耕耘,一分收获 --- 阅读完型天天练; “ 熟读唐诗三百首,不会作诗也会吟。 ” --- “ 抄袭有理 ”. 二、高考考什么? 高考的原则 : 安全、公正、科学、高效和平稳过渡。 即 --- 稳定中求发展 具体来说: 词汇增加 95 个,共 2876 个单词。 (名词 56 个、动词 32 个、形容词 13 个,皆属于与生活密切相关的高频率词,特别关注奥运词汇).

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一、英语特点

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一、英语特点

  • 知识点分散,记忆麻烦---细致耐心;

  • 同样知识不同角度---作题适量多总结思考;

  • 语感的培养很重要---不要放弃听说训练;

  • 一分耕耘,一分收获--- 阅读完型天天练;

  • “熟读唐诗三百首,不会作诗也会吟。”

    --- “抄袭有理”


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二、高考考什么?

高考的原则:

安全、公正、科学、高效和平稳过渡。

即---稳定中求发展

具体来说:

词汇增加95个,共2876个单词。

(名词56个、动词32个、形容词13个,皆属于与生活密切相关的高频率词,特别关注奥运词汇)


Do you know the words

Do you know the words?

1. absorb2.adopt3.alcohol 4.ancestor

5.angle6.annoy 7.approach 8. architecture

9. badminton 10.band11.basic 12.border

13.brake 14.brand 15. burden 16.calculate

17.candidate 18.champion 19.concentrate

20. conflict 21.constant 22.creature 23.debate

24. decorate 25.decrease


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特点:

1、知识覆盖面全;

2、词汇要求提高;

3、强调语篇意识;

4、考察应用能力;

5、注重交际用语;

6、了解西方文化。


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三、一模后的备考策略

1、仔细揣摩出题思路;

2、不放松、不放弃;

3、保持备考的最佳状态。


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四、题型设置

北京卷 分值X个数 总分时间

150 120 mins.

听力 1.5x20 30 20

单项填空 1X15 15 10

完形填空 1.5X20 30 15-20

阅读理解 2X20 40 35-40

书面表达 20+15 35 30


120 130

加入你的目标是:120-130

错题个数 扣分

听力: 0-1 0-1.5分

单选: 1-2 1-2分

完型: 2-3 3-4.5分

阅读: 1-2 2-4分

写作: 一类文/二类文上 5-8分


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五 分项辅导之听力

1、迅速进入英语状态;

2、我们为什么要试听?

3、前五道题的重要性;

4、千万不能一心二用。

我们的目标是:满分!


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看听力原文,预测考试题目

1. M: Excuse me, is it my turn now? I have been waiting for some time and I was wondering....

W: I'm sorry. The doctor is so busy.

Q:

2.M: It was such an interesting lecture. I hope you enjoy it as much as I did.

W: I must admit that I always fell asleep in the first 30 minutes.

Q:

3.M: Did you go to the Italian High-tech Exhibition last month?

W: Yes, it was wonderful. I particularly likes the works by  Da Vinci

M: I wish I had gone but I heard we have to wait for two hours to get the ticket.

Q:


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4. W: Very nice skirt. How much are they?

M:10 dollars each, and one dollar off if you buy two. They are on sale.

Q:

5. -Were you here on March 5th? -Mm, not really. In fact I arrived three days later.

Q:


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你知道下面口语表达的意思吗?

  • You blew it.

  • I feel run down.

  • My head is killing me.

  • Rotten weather, isn’t it?

  • There is no future in my job.

  • She is a real job jumper.


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五、分项辅导之单项选择

命题特点

1、一题多为一空,但涉及多个知识点;

2、题干长度增加;

3、语境理解要求高;

4、内容跨度大,覆盖面宽;

5、选项干扰性强、题干迷惑度高。


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07高考题举例:

1.  At the beginning of class, the noise of desks ____ could be heard outside the classroom.(全国II,12)A. opened and closed                  B. to be opened and closedC. being opened and closed    D. to open and close

2.----It was really very kind of you to give me a lift home.

  -----Oh, don’t mention it. I _____past your house anyway.(北京35)

A. was coming  B. will come   C. had come      D. have come

3.Hardly could he_____ this amount of work in such a short time.(天津5)

A. get throughB. get off          C. get into         D. get down

4.Emergency line operators must alwayscalm and make sure that they get all the information they need to send help.(湖北22)

A. grow           B. appear        C. become     D. stay

5. You may not have played very well today, but at least you’ve got through to the next round and ______.(江苏26)

   A. tomorrow never comes                       B. tomorrow is another day

   C. never put off till tomorrow                   D. there is no tomorrow


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考察要点

1、语法知识---包罗万象

2、词汇用法---动词、词语搭配、辨析

3、固定用法---约定俗成

4、情景交际---注意语境

作题三原则:General not specific, Polite not rude,

Western culture not eastern thinking.


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单选出现频率最高的语法点:

1、时态、语态

2、非谓语动词

3、动词、词组辨析

4、连词

5、情景对话


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动词/词组填空

1. When workers are organized in trade unions, employers find it hard to lay them _____.

A. off B. aside C. out D. down

2. I can't _____ what has happened to the vegetables, for they were freshly picked this morning.

A. figure out B. draw out C. look out D. work out.

3. Why does teaching as a career ______ many people?

A. apply for B. attract to C. appeal to D. agree with

4. Scientific research results can now be quickly _____ to factory production.

A. used B. applied C. tried D. practiced

5. Look at the floor , Tom ! you watch TV while having a meal?

A. Should B. Could C. Would D. Must


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适当形式填空

6. By the time you arrive in London, we _____ (stay) in

Europe for two weeks.

7. Although a teenager, Fred could resist _____(tell) what to do and what not to do.

8. How many of us ______(attend) a meeting that is not important to us would be interested in the discussion?

9. It is fairly common in Africa for there ____(be) a group of expert musicians surrounded by others who also join in the performances.

10. The bank is reported in the local newspaper ____(rob) in broad daylight yesterday.


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单选的陷阱

11.We keep in touch ______ writing often.

A. with B. if C. on D. by

12. Whom would you rather ______ with you, Tim or Jack?

A. have go B. have to goC. have gone D. has to do

13. They weren't a particularly good team, but they refused to give in and _____ defeat.

A. accepted B. accept C. accepting D. to have accepted

14. It was in the small house _____ was built with stones by his father _____ he spent his childhood.

A. which, that B. that, which C. which, which D. that, where

15. Please make my excuse at tomorrow's meeting—I've got too much work _____.

A. to do to come B. doing coming C. to do coming D. doing to come


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非动词辨析:

  • vocabulary, word

  • telegram, telegraph

  • three of us, the three of us

  • more than a year, more than one year

  • by day, by the day

  • anyone, any one

  • understanding, understandable

  • in a word, in words

  • at peace, in peace

  • reward, award


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应试技巧

语义、语境、语用

即读懂题干含义;分析提供的语境;确定用法。1.慢审题,快作答,不恋战;

2.有两个空格的,先确认把握大的;

3.疑,强,倒还原法;

4.多从交际的角度考虑问题。

我们的目标是:学过的就不错!


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备考措施

1、做题要适量;

2、以中低档题为主;

3、不要在同一个地方跌倒;

4、语法知识和题中情景相结合;

5、凭大量阅读来培养语感。


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六、分项辅导之完形填空

命题特点:

1、270-300字左右的夹叙夹议文;

2、第一句不挖空;根据考查目的进行不等距挖空;

3、缺词文章不影响考生对文章大意的了解;

4、词语辨析题增加;

5、根据文章的意思选择最佳答案。


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考察要点

1、对文章的整体把握---整体性;

2、逻辑思维能力---连贯性;

3、词语释义的准确把握。


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举例说明(04北京卷—理解全文)

Is all this pressure necessary? I ended up leaving the football team. Four other girls did the same, and two of them stopped playing football completely. That’s 51 , because they had so much potential. They were just burned-out with all the pressure they 52 from the coach or their parents.

I continued playing football at school and 53 my love for it. I joined a private team coached by my school coach. When I started playing 54 him, he told me I needed to relax because I looked nervous. After I 55 down, I played better. When you enjoy something, it’s a lot easier to do it well.

51. A. sadB. shamefulC. sillyD. serious

52. A. receivedB. sufferedC. broughtD. felt

53. A. reconsideredB. rediscovered C. re-formedD. replaced

54. A. atB. byC. forD. around

55. A. fellB. steppedC. slowedD. calmed


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借助线索答题(06北京)

1. I learned how to accept life as it is from my

father. However , he did not teach me acceptance

when he was strong and healthy, but … (转折)

2. Now he can no longer walk, and he must sit quietly

in a chair all day. Even talking is difficult. (递进)

3. If he could replace his pain with a feeling of love

for others, then I should be able to give up my small

irritations. (因果)


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1.同义词

从选项上看

In the living room was a beautiful keyboard with a 43 :” To my wonderful mother, all my love, your son.” (05北京)

43. A. note B. notice C. word D. sign

从内容上看

She told May that her pay would be very low and that the work would

be 31 . However, May said that hard work did not frighten her.

(06陕西)

31. A. easyB. difficultC. joyfulD. disappointing

2.反义词

I learned how to accept life as it is from my father. 36(However), he did not teach me acceptance when he was strong and healthy, but rather when he was 37 and ill. (06 北京)

37. A. tired B. weak C. poor D. slow


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3. 前后线索

Suddenly they stood, picked up their 40 and stepped

together 41 the edge of where they were sitting to

place the table in the seawater. (06全国1)

40. A. metal table B. empty bottle C. chair D. bags

41. A. on B. off C. around D. along

Before setting out, I told Barrett this trip would be tiring and 17 ….This 35 achieved all I’d expected. (06天津)

17. A. rough B. dangerous C. troublesome D. violent

35. A. interview B. flight C. article D. trip


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4. 固定搭配

My father was 38(once) a strong man who loved being active, but

a terrible illness 39 all that away. Now he can no longer walk. (06 北京)

39. A. took B. threw C. sent D. put

5. 句型

I have never told anyone about it before, 53 have I tried to explain

to myself why not. (06江苏)

53. A. either B. neverC. nor D. so

As my father, ____ worked three jobs, once told me, …(03 北京)

A. he B. that C. who D .whoever


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06辽宁卷(前后线索)

讲述一名女佣要离开她服侍的家的故事。

… I felt sorry for her. but I also felt a sense of 41 .

I had been cleaning Freda’s house for five years and had 42 an

unexpected relationship with the family. It was not just I had become

an expert at scraping(掉)dirt stuck to their wooden floor, 44 that I

had learned exactly how to place toys on the girls’ beds. It was 45

than that, ...

41.A.regretB. surpriseC. fearD. loss

42.A.startedB. developedC. improvedD. broken

43.A.whyB. whatC. thatD. which

44.A.butB. andC. orD. for

45.A.lessB. leastC. moreD. most


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06山东 (背景知识)

讲述黑人青年由于家庭的良好声誉赢得尊重的故事。

Sixteen is a 38 age, when a young man wants respect, not charity. It

was 1976, and the ugly 39 of racial discrimination was 40 a fact of life.

I’d seen my friends ask for credit and then stand, head down, while the

store owner 41 whether they were “good for it.” I knew black youths

just like me who were 42 like thieves by the store clerk each time they

went into a grocery.

38. A. prideful B. wonderful C. respectful D. colorful

39. A. intention B. shadow C. habit D. faith

40. A. thus B. just C. still D. ever

41. A. guessed B. suspected C. questioned D. figured

42. A. watched B. caught C. dismissed D. accused


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应试技巧

(1)粗读全文,掌握大意,重视第一句;

(2)第一遍三分之一,第二遍逐个解决;

(3)动词、形容词、副词、连词是重点;

(4)动作顺序;时间关系;

(5)同义词、反义词、构词法;

(6)前后线索、连环题、最佳选项;

(7)复读全文,反复推敲。

我们的目标是:利用完型的准确作答与他人拉开分数!


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七、分项辅导之阅读理解

命题特点:

(1)五篇

(2)2500-3000词

(3)体裁,题材多样化

(4)难句的分析

(5)五类问题(中心、判断、题目、细节、猜词句)


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问题出现频率分析


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应试技巧:

1、时间的把握

2、有目的阅读

3、抓住关键点

4、忌主观性强

5、比综合素质

我们的目标是:只要看懂,就能做对!


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中心思想题(06陕西):

44. The text mainly deal with_______________.

A.the progress in correspondence

B.the advantage of fax machines

C.the advantage of emails

D. the invention of fax machines

A

概括中心题迷惑选项的问题

A. 太笼统 B 太片面 C. 太不着边际


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常用提问方式

1. The story mainly tells us ________.

2. From the passage we know that ________.

3. The writer wants to tell us ________.

4. What is the subject discussed in the text?

5. The main idea of Paragraph 1 is ________.

6. Paragraph 2 deals with ________.


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推理判断题(06湖北)

71. From the passage we know that the author is most probably .

A. a supporter of free global trade

B. a member of the Food Commission

C. a supporter of First World food markets

D. a member of an energy development group

A

推理判断题迷惑选项的问题

A. 夸大事实B. 无中生有

C. 掺入常识D. 推理过度


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常见提问方式:

1. We can infer/tell/conclude from the passage ________.

2. What is the aim/purpose of this passage?

3. What does the passage imply?

4. What is the attitude of the author towards…?

5. What would the author probably discuss in the passage that follows?

6. This passage would most likely to be found in ________.

7. What does the author can be?

8. Who are possibly the readers?


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最好题目的选择(06福建)

63. The best title for this passage may probably be___________.

A. Birds Thin Down For Journey

B. Birds Fatten Up For Journey

C. How Birds Build Up Fat For Journey

D. How Birds Burn Energy For Journey

B


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高考对英语词汇的要求

1、要求考生利用语境猜测生词含义

2、要求考生利用构词法知识猜测合成词和派生词含义

3、要求考生猜测熟词新含义

eg. “It was the best night we had ever had” said Angela Carraro,who runs an Italian restaurant.

4、要求考生猜测词性变换新词含义 

eg. The hot sun had caused the dough to double in size.

5、要求考生了解反映现代生活和科技知识的专业词语

eg. GM product, colon, heavily polluted, green products


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06出现过的单词和词组

生词:

downside, incentive(四川);stock, exotic(江西);

intrigue(山东); vulnerable(重庆); reimburse(湖北);

plasticity(湖南); reluctant(福建); exploit(浙江);

inheritable trait(天津)

熟词:pager(福建) miss(陕西)

短语:

on the cutting edge(四川); turn his backs on(广东); waiting

for the bell(江苏); throw money around(浙江); meet a real

market(全国II); took off(全国I)


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猜测生词义(06天津)

44. The underlined phrase “inheritable trait” in Paragraph 2 means ______

A. inborn nature B. developed character

C. accepted theory D. particular environment


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猜测熟词义:

61. The words “took off” underlined in Paragraph 2 mean “______”. (06全国I)

A. turned off B. moved off C. put up D. set up

64. The underlined word “downside” in paragraph 5 probably means  _______. (06四川)

A. disappointment B. disadvantage C. failure D. loss


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难句分析:

1. First put forward by the French mathematician Pierre de Format in the seventeenth century, the theorem(定理) had baffled(阻挡)and beaten the finest mathematical minds, including a French woman scientist who made a major advance in working out the problem, and who had to dress like a man in order to be able to study at the Ecolab poly-technique. (NMET2003.C篇)


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2. It is difficult to measure the quantity of paper used as a result of use of Internet-connected computers, although just about anyone who works in an office can tell you that when e-mail is introduced, the printers start working overtime. That is, the growing demand for paper in recent years is largely due to the increased use of the Internet. (NMET2003.E篇)


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备考措施

1、精读泛读限时阅读相结合;

2、每天必做;至少3篇;

3、理性思考,分析问题;

4、不固执己见,纠正思路。


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八、分项辅导之写作

考察要点

1、说明文

(介绍地点,人物,说明问题/解释图表)

2、应用文(简历,信件,通知,发言稿等)

3、叙述文

(根据图画写故事)

4、议论文

(针对两种认识,选择加以对比)


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以06高考试题为例说明

1、说明文

(写信介绍景点(四川);通讯方式及影响(广东);志愿者的做与不做(江苏)图表分析学生阅读兴趣(湖北);城市街头塑像描述(北京);写信介绍图书馆(全国I)

2、应用文:

写信要字典(安徽);写邮件交友(重庆);良好饮食习惯的发言稿(福建);给影院经理写信提建议(天津);写信申请成为冬运会志愿者(全国II)

3、叙述文

(中秋老人空等图(江西);关于公共道德的漫画(山东);

根据诗描述教师Moore(湖南);和爷爷养鸟放鸟图(辽宁);

4、议论文(假期还是外出(陕西);书还是电影?(浙江);


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以07年为例:

1、说明文(天津:如何保护视力)

2、应用文(全国I:写信给Peter找笔友)

3、叙述文(北京卷:写信介绍竞选班长情况)

4、议论文(浙江卷:英语课用英文还是中英文)


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应试技巧

1、认真审题,即:审语境、审人称、审时态;2、要紧扣主题,符合要求,首尾呼应;3、注意写作对象和语言风格,要有读者的意识;4、要进行细致描写,有细节的支撑;5、要有主次之分, 详略得当;6、要力求内容新颖,必须符合逻辑;7、要做到思想健康,积极向上。


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一类文的标准

情景作文:

1、要点全;

2、句式多样,丰富词汇;

3、内容连贯,结构紧凑。

分析:

1、何为要点?

2、好句≠复杂句;好词≠大词(人和衣服的关系)

3、结构的安排因题材不同而有变化


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使你的文章更优美

Variety

1. 开头结尾

2. 句子长度

3. 词语使用

Structure

1. 连词的正确使用

2. 逻辑性强

我们的目标是:一类文!


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巧使用考纲中的词汇

  • His eyes was alive(炯炯有神) with hope.

  • Waves are beating the rocks.

  • He never fails to write to his mother every week.

  • His face lit up.

  • The bar is closed until further notice.


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介词的妙用

1. A smile spread across her face.

2. Your clothes are lying around the room.

3. I can’t see anything beyond the river because of the fog.

4. Nobody under 10 is allowed to buy alcohol.


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一类文的标准

开放性作文:

1、内容充实,体现活跃的思维和清晰的逻辑;

2、交际得体,充分体现交际对象的需要;

3、较强的语言表达能力。

分析:

1、思维活跃度?(切忌花太多时间挖掘图画深意)

2、三步走:“描述”、“过渡”、“阐述”。


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举例:找问题

SITUATION: One Saturday afternoon, Li Hua and Wang Ping were playing in the woods when they found a bird on the ground. They picked it up and found it wounded. Supposing you are Li Hua and Wang Ping. Please tell us what you did with the bird.例1:If I were Li Hua I would try my best to save the bird. I would put the bird carefully into my soft hat to keep it warm. And then carried it to an animal hospital as soon as possible. I think doctor could help it. If the bird can live I would carry it back home, and took care of it until it can fly back to the woods. If it couldn’t live, I would buried it. I think whoever meet this thing will do just like what I did. Everybody would like to see this bird family live happily together, isn’t it?

【分析】


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例2:I was worried about the little bird when I had picked it up. Its leg was seriously hurt. So I decided to bring it to see the doctor. But Li Hua told me that the doctor couldn’t see the animals. At last we put it on a big tree, because we believed it could be safer in the woods than in the city. We hoped it could be better now.

【分析】


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例3:One day afternoon, Wang Ping and I were playing happily in the wood. We were playing balls and suddenly the ball ran into the other side of the road. I hurried to get it when I saw a bird lying there and I found it was wounded. We quickly took it to the hospital and the doctor gave the bird some medicine and we took it back home then. It was getting better and better and we decided to set it free the next day.

【分析】


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例4:Wang Ping told me that he was a little hungry and we could eat the bird. I agreed with him and we found some dry wood and put it together. Then we cooked the bird. It was really delicious. What a happy day.

【分析】


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备考措施

1、从写简单句开始;

2、积累好词好句,找机会应用;

3、避免中文思维;

4、每周1-2篇;

5、“不厌其改”,一文三稿;

写作三层次:

内容全---语言正确---行文流畅


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