Washington takes office
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http://youtu.be/uZfRaWAtBVg. Washington takes office. Section 1 Chapter 9: Launching the New Government. . Setting the Scene. 1789 The New Congress meets for the 1st Time. How should people address George Washington?.

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Washington takes office

http://youtu.be/uZfRaWAtBVg

Washington takes office

Section 1 Chapter 9: Launching the New Government.


Setting the scene

Setting the Scene...

1789 The New Congress meets for the 1st Time.

How should people address George Washington?

http://www.history.com/shows/america-the-story-of-us/videos/george-washington


Washington s 1 st steps

Washington’s 1st steps

  • G.W. Inaugurated

    • New York City

    • April 30, 1789

  • Inauguration:

    • Ceremony in which the President officially takes the OATH of OFFICE.

  • Constitution

    • Provided a framework for the Government.

    • Did not explain how the Pres. should govern day to day.

    • Washington set a precedent for future leaders.

    • Precedent:

      • An act or a decision that sets and example for others to follow.


The 1 st cabinet

The 1st cabinet

  • Congress created 5 Executive Departments.

  • State: Thomas Jefferson

  • Treasury: Alexander Hamilton

  • War: Henry Knox

  • Attorney General: Edmond Randolph

  • Known as the President's CABINET.

  • Gave advice to Washington and responsible for directing their departments.


The federal court system

The federal court system

  • 1789: Judiciary Actwas passed.

  • 1) Supreme Court:

    • 1 Chief Justice.

    • 5 Associate Justices.

    • 1st Chief Justice: John Jay

  • 2) District Courts and Circuit Courts.

    • Decisions made in the lower courts could be appealed to the Supreme Court.


Reducing the nation s debt

Reducing the nation’s debt

  • Sec of Treasury: Alexander Hamilton.

  • National Debt: Largest Problem.

  • The total amount of money that a government owes to others.

  • Borrowed money by issuing Bonds.

  • Certificate that promises to repay the money loaned, plus interest, on a certain date.


Hamilton s plan

Hamilton’s plan

  • Called for the Govt. to repay both the Federal & State Debts.

  • Pay off all bonds issued before 1789.

  • Issue New bonds to pay off old debts.

  • Bankers and Investors were for it.

  • Others attacked him for it.


Debating the plan

Debating the plan

  • James Madison against it.

  • Said his plan would reward speculators.

    • Someone who invests in a risky venture in the hope of making a large profit.

  • Madison felt speculators did not deserve to make huge profits.

  • Hamilton said would lost the trust of investors if they did not pay back the debt in full.

  • Congress approved full repayment of the National Debt.


States debts

States debts

  • James Madison: Southern .

  • By 1789:

  • Most Southern States paid off their debts.

  • Felt if they could pay it off other states should as well.


Hamilton s compromise

Hamilton’s compromise

  • July 1790:

    • Congress voted to repay State Debts.

    • Build New Capital City.

  • Capital City:

    • Built along the Potomac River.

    • Between Virginia and Maryland.

    • Called "District of Columbia".

    • Today: Washington D.C.


Plans to build the economy

Plans to build the economy

  • 1791: Bank of the U.S.

    • Government deposited money from taxes into the bank.

    • Bank issued paper money to pay the government’s bills & make loans to farmers and businesses.

  • American Manufactures:

    • Tariff: or Tax issued.

    • Foreign goods bought into country.

  • Protective Tariff:

    • Meant to protect local industry from foreign competition.

  • North liked it.

  • South was against it.

  • Was passed but much lower than wanted.


The whiskey rebellion

The whiskey rebellion

  • To raise money for the Treasury.

  • Congress:

    • Tax on all liquor made and sold in the U.S.

  • What was designed for good, sparked a rebellion that tested the strength of the new Government.


A hated tax

A hated tax

  • Backcountry Farmers:

    • Grew corn.

    • Made whiskey.

    • Easier to transport.

  • Refused to pay the taxes.

  • 1794:

    • PA officials tried to collect the tax.

    • 1,000s protested, marching through Pittsburgh.

    • Tarred and Feathered tax collects.


A show of strength

A show of strength

  • Washington Responds:

    • Militia was dispatched to PA.

    • Farmers quickly retuned home.

    • Hamilton wanted the leaders executed.

    • Washington pardoned them.

    • Felt the government showed its strength to all.


Checking for understanding

Checking for understanding…

  • Where was President Washington inaugurated?

  • What was the Judiciary Act?

  • What was Hamilton’s Plan?

  • What good came out of the Whiskey Rebellion?

  • New York City.

  • Set up the Federal Court System. Creating the supreme court with 1 chief justice and 5 associate justices.

  • Called for the Government to repay both the federal and state debts.

  • Showed the strength of the new government, and that violence would not be tolerated.


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