The Porfiriato. Diaz consolidated power in Mexico redistributed it from the provinces to the central government. With the stability he brought by ruling Mexico with a stiff hand came foreign investment primarily from the US
Carranza, a wealthy landholder like Madero organized a third army, mostly of Mexico’s elite to contest Huerta’s presidency. In his Plan de Guadalupe (March 1913) Carranza declared himself the “First Chief of the Constitutional Army,” but said nothing about socio-economic conditions that propelled Villa and especially Zapata.