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Metis. Competition. The HBC and NWC both wanted to control the entire fur trade. Differences. How were the two companies different?. What to do. Both companies wanted to take away customers from the other What could they do to attract more business?. Lowered prices

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Metis

Metis


Competition

Competition

  • The HBC and NWC both wanted to control the entire fur trade


Differences

Differences

  • How were the two companies different?


What to do

What to do

  • Both companies wanted to take away customers from the other

  • What could they do to attract more business?


Metis

  • Lowered prices

  • Offered more goods in exchange for the furs

  • Brought in new goods from Europe

  • Opened trading posts right next door to their rival


Things started to change

Things started to change

  • As the NWC began to push deeper into First Nation land they had to spend winters in First Nation villages

  • What happens next?


Marriage and alliances

Marriage and Alliances

  • Many NWC traders began to marry First Nations women

  • The NWC approved of this. Why?

  • First Nations leaders approved of this. Why?


Metis

  • NWC saw this as boosting trade with the First Nations

  • First Nations saw this as a way to hopefully negotiate better prices and build alliances


Metis

HBC?

  • The HBC banned its employees and traders from have any relations with First Nations (other than business relations)

  • They actually tried to force their employees to be celibate


French and first nations

French and First Nations

  • Most of the NWC Voyageurs were French

  • Therefore they were getting married to the First Nations

  • Children of these marriages became extremely common

  • They quickly became one of the largest groups of people in the North West

  • Called themselves Metis (French word for mixed)

  • Spoke French and Algonkian


Red river

Red River

  • Many began to settle in the Red River area in what is now in Manitoba

  • Began farming and hunting bison


Metis

Ad

  • I want you to make an advertisement for either the HBC or NWC

    • Focus on what you are selling (textbook has some hints on that)

    • What you are looking to buy (beaver fur and more)

    • What you are willing to pay/charge

    • Pictures

    • Sales?

    • Compare your prices/deals to that of your opposing company (why you are better)

    • Slogan

    • Logo


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