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第十五讲 PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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第十五讲. 新生现代文明对 世界的初步冲击. 第一节 第二次浪潮时期 现代文明的世界性影响. 第十五讲 :现代文明对世界的初步冲击. 1. 欧陆(除法国外)的动荡. 法国大革命有力地推动了民主化原则的全球传播。 在欧陆,这种传播分两种情况:一是拿破仑通过征服强制推行改革 ( 属于革命输出,不过这种输出当时似乎颇受被输出国人民群众和进步人士欢迎),一是封建统治者为富国强兵以抵御拿破仑而被迫接受了法国革命的某些原则。普鲁士的施泰因-哈登堡改革就属于后一种情况(农业资本主义发展的“普鲁士道路”)。 拿破仑战争侵略性的一面也激起了反抗,并推动了各国民主革命的发生。.

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第十五讲

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1.

  • (-


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  • 18121820

  • 18201821

  • 1821


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1840


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1749 1802

1825


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1

2

3

2.


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  • 1791822

  • 180411

(1743-1803)


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  • 18049

  • 18221844


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3.


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1798-1799


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  • 18

  • 1789

1808


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1839


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1745-1810


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1810-1828

(1861-1863)


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4.


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  • 1920

  • 17721833


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1825 1830

1825-1830


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1.

(1)


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1834Deutscher Zollverein


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1

  • 1864

  • 1866

  • 1870

1815-1898


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1867


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  • 1870719 -92

1871118

50


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1


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(2)


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  • 18071882


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  • 1860

  • 1860324


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  • 18609

  • 1861

  • 1861317


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  • 18661870

    (Risorgimento)


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(2) )


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(3)

  • 4048

  • (1812~1870)(1828~1889)(18361861)


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  • 30

  • /18531856


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(1855~ 1881)1861219(33)

()

(3)


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40

18647

186771

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3.

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  • 1849

  • 1857


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(2)

  • 18391842

  • 18561860


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  • 1895


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(2)

  • 1859


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(2)

  • 1854


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(2)

  • 1868


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(3)

  • 19

  • 18481852

  • 1850


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4

  • 1950-601885


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  • 50


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4.

1

  • 186710


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4.

1

1885


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4.

2

  • 1853

  • 1861

  • 70


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