Greece classical hellenistic periods
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Greece Classical &Hellenistic Periods. Gardner's Art through the Ages, Concise Edition by Fred Kleiner. Chapter Two- Part 3. Prepared by Kelly Donahue-Wallace Randal Wallace University of North Texas. Greek: Classical. Polykleitos, Doryphoros, ca. 450-440BCE. Fig. 2-34.

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Chapter Two- Part 3

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Greece classical hellenistic periods

Greece Classical &Hellenistic Periods

Gardner's Art through the Ages, Concise Edition by Fred Kleiner

Chapter Two- Part 3

Prepared by

Kelly Donahue-Wallace

Randal Wallace

University of North Texas


Greek classical

Greek: Classical

Polykleitos, Doryphoros, ca. 450-440BCE. Fig. 2-34.


Greek classical1

Greek: Classical

Example:

Marble copy of hollow-cast bronze sculpture

Contrapposto with ordered human motion

Asymmetrical balance

Canon of proportion

Polykleitos, Doryphoros, ca. 450-440BCE. Fig. 2-34.


Greek classical2

Greek: Classical

Iktinos and Kallikrates, Parthenon, ca. 447-438BCE. Fig. 2-36.


Greek classical3

Greek: Classical

Example:

Doric Temple of Athena on Acropolis

Relief sculpture in pediments and friezes

Symmetria from numerical ratios

Adjusted for viewer’s eye

Iktinos and Kallikrates, Parthenon, ca. 447-438BCE. Fig. 2-36.


Greek classical4

Greek:Classical

Achilles Painter, Warrior taking leave of his wife, ca. 440BCE. Fig. 2-46.


Greek classical5

Greek: Classical

Example:

White-ground lekythos

Emulates polychrome painting

Scene of daily life

Grave offering

Eyes in profile foreshortened

Achilles Painter, Warrior taking leave of his wife, ca. 440BCE. Fig. 2-46.


Greek late classical

Greek: Late Classical

Praxiteles, Aphrodite of Knidos, ca. 350-340BCE. Fig. 2-47.


Greek late classical1

Greek: Late Classical

Example:

Late Classical less interested in order and perfection

Sensuousness despite modest pose

New female nudity

Roman marble copy

Praxiteles, Aphrodite of Knidos, ca. 350-340BCE. Fig. 2-47.


Greek late classical2

Greek: Late Classical

Philoxenos of Eretria, Battle of Issus, ca. 310BCE. Fig. 2-50.


Greek late classical3

Greek: Late Classical

Example:

Roman mosaic copy of Greek painting

Tesserae for color

Natural light and shadows

Motion and expression

Foreshortening

Alexander versus Persian king Darius

Philoxenos of Eretria, Battle of Issus, ca. 310BCE. Fig. 2-50.


Greek hellenistic

Greek: Hellenistic

Altar of Zeus, ca. 175BCE. Fig. 2-52.


Greek hellenistic1

Greek: Hellenistic

Example:

Kingdoms rise after death of Alexander

Monument to Zeus

Gigantomachy to refer to defeat of “barbarians”

Motion, emotion, drama

Dramatic light and shadow for narrative

Altar of Zeus, ca. 175BCE. Fig. 2-52.


Greek hellenistic2

Greek: Hellenistic

Old market woman, ca. 150-100BCE. Fig. 2-58.


Greek hellenistic3

Greek: Hellenistic

Example:

New interest in realism versus idealism of Classical era

Representation of aging process

Different types of people, not just heroes and gods

New social climate

Old market woman, ca. 150-100BCE. Fig. 2-58.


Greek hellenistic4

Greek: Hellenistic

Athanadoros, Hagesandros, and Polydoros of Rhodes, Laocoön, first century CE. Fig. 2-59.


Greek hellenistic5

Greek: Hellenistic

Example:

Sculpture for Roman patron

Found in Emperor Titus’ home, described by Pliny

Trojan priest punished by gods

Emotional through pose and facial expression

Athanadoros, Hagesandros, and Polydoros of Rhodes, Laocoön, first century CE. Fig. 2-59.


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