Risk Assessment & Safety Concerns. The more factors apply in a specific case, the higher the risk that acts of violence will be repeated or that the violence may increase or escalate. Previous Acts of Violence Against the Partner and the Children or Other Members of the Family
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The more factors apply in a specific case, the higher the risk that acts of violence will be repeated or that the violence may increase or escalate.
Previous Acts of Violence Against the Partner and the Children or Other Members of the Family
Separation and Divorce are Times of High Risk
Severity and Frequency of Violent Acts
Violence against Former Partners or Family Members
Acts of Violence by other Family MembersRisk Factors for a High Degree of Danger
Acts of Violence outside the Family risk that acts of violence will be repeated or that the violence may increase or escalate.
Possession of Weapons, Use of Weapons
Abuse of Alcohol or Drugs
Threats of Murder / Serious Coercion
Threats of Suicide, Depression
Extreme Jealousy and Possessiveness
Extremely Patriarchal Concepts and Attitudes
Persecution, Psychological Terror (Stalking)
Danger for Children
Non-Compliance with Restraining orders by Courts or Police
Change in the RelationshipRisk Factors for a High Degree of Danger
It is important to notice that risk assessment instruments are not instruments to predict re-offending but to assess the level of danger for the victim. Thus, they are instruments to improve prevention, not prediction.
Group Work (4-6 participants per group) to answer these questions about the case study from Austria:
What is your assessment of the dangerousness of Mr.Y? What are your criteria for dangerousness? What risk factors can you identify in the case story?
-> Use the Handouts 1+2: “Risk Factors” and “Exercise Story Y.”
Role play in small groups (6 persons), followed by a reflection in the small groups
“Susan B seeks help from a counseling service in her home town. She reports that her husband repeatedly beats her and sometimes also the children. He also verbally abuses her and threatens to kill her if she leaves him. Susan wants to leave but she is afraid of what he would do if she does leave him. She asks the counselor what she could do for her safety”
Roles: Susan (Women Seeking Help), Counselor in thecounselingservice, 2 Coaches, 2 Observers
Susan: risk that acts of violence will be repeated or that the violence may increase or escalate.
How did the talk go for the character of Susan?
What was helpful? What was difficult?
Did she feel safer after the talk? What had helped her feel safer?
What else would Susan have needed?
How was the talk for the counselor?
What was the counselor's goal?
What did the counselor try to make Susan feel safer?
What was good? What was difficult?
What else could I have said/done differently as a counselor?Questions for Reflection
The observers facilitate the reflection by asking the questions and take notes of the answers. Then they give their feedback on the role play. Finally, they present the results of the reflection to the whole group.