Special hazardous materials
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Special Hazardous Materials. Nuclear, Biological, and Chemical Warfare/Terrorism Agents. NBC Agents. Pose a risk to emergency responders Threat level increased after Cold-War Documented cases world-wide Local target enviroment very high Emergency responders under trained. Fission device:

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Special Hazardous Materials

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Special Hazardous Materials

Nuclear, Biological, and Chemical

Warfare/Terrorism

Agents


NBC Agents

  • Pose a risk to emergency responders

  • Threat level increased after Cold-War

  • Documented cases world-wide

  • Local target enviroment very high

  • Emergency responders under trained


Fission device:

Not likely

Thermonuclear reactions cause wide spread destruction

Radiological dispersal device:

Explosive device laced with radiological agent.

Radioactive fallout and debris.

Nuclear Agents

WATCH OUT FOR SECONDARY DEVICES!


Very easy to “build”.

Inexpensive...

Use increasing…

Rapid, wide dispersion

Panic driven histeria!

Difficult to I.D. in the field.

Ricin

Anthrax

Tuleremia

Cholera

Encephalitis

Plague

Botulism

Staph Enterotoxin B

Alpha Toxin

Saxitoxin

Tetrodotoxin

Tricothene mycotoxin

Biological Agents


Chemicals, designed by humans, to kill or disable humans.

…and we’re supposed to be civilized...

Nerve agents

Blister agents

Blood agents

Choking agents

Irritants

Chemical Agents


Sarin (GB)

Soman (GB)

Tabun (GA)

V agent (VX)

Chemical Nerve agents

Similar to organophosphate

insecticides...


Chemical Blister agents

  • Mustard (H, HD)

  • Lewisite (L)


Chemical Blood agents

  • Hydrogen cyanide (AC)

  • Cyanogen chloride (CK)


Chemical Choking agents

  • Chlorine

  • Phosgene


Chemical Irritating agents

  • Chloropicrin

  • MACE (CN)

  • Tear gas (CS)

  • Capsicum/pepper spray

  • Dibenzoxazepine (CR)


Response Critical Factors

1. Awareness and hazard/risk assesment.

2. Use any and all personal protective equipment.

3. Decon early and carefully. Then aggresive EMS.

4. Contact authorities and HMRT as soon as possible.


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