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Mixed Waste – Hazardous Waste. Radioactive Waste NUCP 2311. Mixed Waste. Waste that contains both radioactive and hazardous components. Dual regulatory framework Hazardous: Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) - 1976 Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) OR Authorized States

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Mixed Waste – Hazardous Waste

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Mixed waste hazardous waste

Mixed Waste – Hazardous Waste

Radioactive Waste

NUCP 2311


Mixed waste

Mixed Waste

  • Waste that contains both radioactive and hazardous components.

  • Dual regulatory framework

    • Hazardous: Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) - 1976

      • Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)

      • OR Authorized States

    • Radioactive: Atomic Energy Act - 1954

      • US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC)

      • OR NRC Agreement States

      • OR US Department of Energy (self regulating)

  • RCRA takes precedence over the AEA when the policies are inconsistent.


We know about radioactive waste

We know about Radioactive Waste

Small

blue

Large

blue

Animal

carcass

Pail


Where do we find mixed waste

Where do we find mixed waste?


What is hazardous waste

What is Hazardous Waste?


Definition solid waste

Definition – Solid Waste


Waste

Waste


Official definitions epa website

Official Definitions (EPA Website)

  • Hazardous Waste

    • A subset of solid wastes that pose substantial or potential threats to public health or the environment and meet any of the following criteria identified 40 CFR 260 and 261:

      • is specifically listed as a hazardous waste by EPA

      • exhibits one or more of the characteristics of hazardous waste (ignitability, corrosivity, reactivity, and/or toxicity);

      • is generated by the treatment of hazardous waste; or is contained in a hazardous waste.

http://www.epa.gov/radiation/mixed-waste/mw_pg5.htm


What is a hazardous waste

WHAT IS A HAZARDOUS WASTE?


What is a hazardous waste1

WHAT IS A HAZARDOUS WASTE?


Epa hazardous wastes

EPA Hazardous Wastes

Listed Hazardous Waste:

  • “F”- listed

    • nonspecific sources, spent solvents

  • “K”- listed

    • specific industries

  • “P”-listed

    • acutely hazardous

  • “U”- listed

    • unused off-spec

Characteristic Hazardous Waste

  • Ignitability: hazardous because they may ignite, e.g., EPA Haz. No. D001 organic solvents, oxidizers

  • Corrosivity: liquids like strong acids and bases (D002)

  • Reactivity: solids that react violently, e.g., picric acid, peroxides, elemental sodium (D003)

  • Toxicity: based on toxic properties, 8 metals and 32 organic compounds, like As,Hg, PB, Ba,Ag, benzene, chloroform, vinyl chloride.(D004-D0043)


Hazardous waste determination

Hazardous Waste Determination

  • The EPA lists some 400 hazardous wastes. The descriptions are found in 40 CFR Part 261, subpart 261, Sections 261.31-33.

    • (“F” list, “K” list, “P” list, and “U” list).

  • Wastes may also be hazardous if they display any of four characteristics:

    • Ignitability

    • Corrosiveness

    • Reactivity

    • Toxicity (TCLP regulatory levels).


Hazard labels

Hazard Labels


Ppe personal protective equipment

PPE – Personal Protective Equipment


Hazardous waste generator regulatory agencies

HAZARDOUS WASTE GENERATOR REGULATORY AGENCIES:

  • EPA – Environmental Protection Agency

    • http://www.epa.gov

  • OSHA – Occupational Health and Safety Administration

    • http://www.osha.gov

  • DOT – Department of Transportation

    • http://www.hazmat.dot.gov

  • TNRCC – Texas Commission on Environmental Quality

    • http://www.tceq.state.tx.us


Questions

Questions


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