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Cultural Traditions. Genetic Heritage. Decision (Hypothesis). Analyses & Synthesis. Feed Forward. Feed Forward. New Information. Previous Experience. Feedback. The OODA “Loop” Sketch. [A more printer-friendly version appears on page 7.]. Observe. Orient. Decide. Act.

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the ooda loop sketch

CulturalTraditions

GeneticHeritage

Decision(Hypothesis)

Analyses &Synthesis

FeedForward

FeedForward

NewInformation

PreviousExperience

Feedback

The OODA “Loop” Sketch

[A more printer-friendly version appears on page 7.]

Observe

Orient

Decide

Act

ImplicitGuidance& Control

ImplicitGuidance& Control

UnfoldingCircumstances

Observations

Action(Test)

FeedForward

OutsideInformation

UnfoldingInteractionWithEnvironment

UnfoldingInteractionWithEnvironment

Feedback

Note how orientation shapes observation, shapes decision, shapes action, and in turn is shaped by the feedback and other phenomena coming into our sensing or observing window.

Also note how the entire “loop” (not just orientation) is an ongoing many-sided implicit cross-referencing process of projection, empathy, correlation, and rejection.

Competitive advantage comes from quickness over the entire “loop,” not just or even primarily from the O-to-O-to-D-to-A sequence.

© 2006 Kettle Creek Corporation

pumping up ooda loop speed

Observe

Orient

Act

ImplicitGuidance& Control

ImplicitGuidance& Control

UnfoldingCircumstances

CulturalTraditions

Observations

GeneticHeritage

Analyses &Synthesis

Action(Test)

FeedForward

NewInformation

PreviousExperience

OutsideInformation

UnfoldingInteractionWithEnvironment

UnfoldingInteractionWithEnvironment

Pumping up OODA “Loop” Speed

Decide

“Orientation is the Schwerpunkt.” Organic Design, 16.

“Emphasize implicit over explicit in order to gain a favorable mismatch in friction and time.” Organic Design, 22.

“Interaction permits vitality and growth, while isolation leads to decay and disintegration.” Strategic Game, 29.

© 2006 Kettle Creek Corporation

sometimes you just have to make a decision

Observe

Decide

Act

Orient

ImplicitGuidance& Control

ImplicitGuidance& Control

UnfoldingCircumstances

CulturalTraditions

Observations

Decision(Hypothesis)

GeneticHeritage

Analyses &Synthesis

Action(Test)

FeedForward

FeedForward

FeedForward

NewInformation

PreviousExperience

OutsideInformation

UnfoldingInteractionWithEnvironment

UnfoldingInteractionWithEnvironment

Feedback

  • Explicit decisions are needed when no effective action is available via the implicit link, such as when training or experimenting.
  • However:
    • Actions will still be influenced by (existing) implicit guidance and controls until these are reset by learning
    • Explicit decision making and reorientation (learning) always take time
Sometimes, You Just Have to Make a Decision

© 2006 Kettle Creek Corporation

operating inside their ooda loops
Operating Inside Their OODA Loops
  • Definition:
    • Changing the situation more rapidly than the other side can comprehend.
  • Typical effects:
    • “It’s like they’re moving in slow motion.” Boyd describing “operating inside opponents’ OODA loops.”
    • “It’s like you’re commanding both sides.” Common impression of a successful cheng / ch’i operation. [cheng - “orthodox, expected,” while ch’i - “unorthodox, unexpected, shocking.” By operating inside an opponent’s OODA loop, you will find it much easier to set up and exploit cheng / ch’i situations.]

For other typical and intended effects, please refer toPatterns of Conflict, chart 132, available at:

http://www.d-n-i.net/second_level/boyd_military.htm#discourse

© 2006 Kettle Creek Corporation

what ooda loop speed really means

Quickly understand what’s going on

Know whatto do

And be able to do it

Observe

Orient

Decide

Act

ImplicitGuidance& Control

ImplicitGuidance& Control

UnfoldingCircumstances

Observations

Decision(Hypothesis)

Action(Test)

FeedForward

FeedForward

FeedForward

OutsideInformation

UnfoldingInteractionWithEnvironment

UnfoldingInteractionWithEnvironment

Feedback

Feedback

While learning from the experience

What OODA “loop” speed really means

© 2006 Kettle Creek Corporation

slide6

Key Points:

  • When you’re doing OODA “loops” right, accuracy and speed improve together; they don’t trade off.
  • An essential task of leadership is to create – mainly by example – an organization that gets better and better (and better) at these things.

© 2006 Kettle Creek Corporation

boyd s ooda loop sketch

Observe

Orient

Decide

Act

ImplicitGuidance& Control

ImplicitGuidance& Control

UnfoldingCircumstances

CulturalTraditions

Observations

GeneticHeritage

Decision(Hypothesis)

Analyses &Synthesis

Action(Test)

FeedForward

FeedForward

FeedForward

NewInformation

PreviousExperience

OutsideInformation

UnfoldingInteractionWithEnvironment

UnfoldingInteractionWithEnvironment

Feedback

Feedback

Note how orientation shapes observation, shapes decision, shapes action, and in turn is shaped by the feedback and other phenomena coming into our sensing or observing window.

Also note how the entire “loop” (not just orientation) is an ongoing many-sided implicit cross-referencing process of projection, empathy, correlation, and rejection.

From “The Essence of Winning and Losing,” John R. Boyd, January 1996.

Defense and the National Interest, http://www.d-n-i.net, 2006

Boyd’s OODA “Loop” Sketch

© 2006 Kettle Creek Corporation

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