Major Hazard Facilities. Introduction to Safety Report. Some Abbreviations and Terms. AFAP - As far as practicable BPCS – Basic process control system Employer - Employer who has management control of the facility FTA – Fault tree analysis HAZOP – Hazard and operability study
Introduction to Safety Report
Specific parts of the MHF Regulations relevant for this seminar are:
There is a need for specific control of major hazards due to:
Some major accidents that have occurred
Port Kembla Ethanol Tank Fire, NSW, Australia, 28th January 2004
Quote from the Coroner…“not a lack of adequate safety procedures but rather the failure to adhere to them”.
(Welding was carried out in an unsuitable area without a ‘hot work’ permit)
This has led to Regulations where:
to ensure the continued safety of the facility and its people and the surrounding community.
The Role of the Safety Report
Identify methods to be used for monitoring and reviewing all activities for continual improvement of the safety arrangements of the facility over its lifetime.
Refer Guidance Booklet 4 for this timeline
The main components of the safety report are:
Process Hazard Studies
Past Risk Assessments
Unit Technical Review Input
Hazards that can lead to major accidents are identified. From these, MA scenarios can be developed for further analysis.
Incident History (internal / external)
Dangerous Goods Present and Material Properties
Major Accident Event
Analysing the safety measures and controls that are between an uncontrolled event and the worst potential consequence - risk reduction study
Example Risk Matrix
Overall vision, goals and commitment to improve
Comprehensive and Integrated
Detailed Risk Assessment Records
Occupied Buildings Risk Assessment
Risk Assessment Procedures
Recommendations and Improvements
Several examples of incidents are available. These include:
Everything looks normal!!
Moments after the first breach at 09:30 on 27.3.02
Larger vessels coming off the blocks
Cargo barge getting ready to roll. Many trapped inside, a few on deck getting ready to jump
“KEY BERMUDA” coming off blocks. “INDRA-1”
swinging towards rig
Accommodation barge “SEP 350” sinking
“SEP 350” touching bottom
The aftermath. Official reports account for 26