The United States Foreign Assistance Reforms:  An Overview
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The United States Foreign Assistance Reforms: An Overview. Government Performance and Results Act (GPRA), 1993.

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Government Performance and Results Act (GPRA), 1993

Intended to shift the focus of Government officials and managers from program inputs toward program execution — what results (outcomes & outputs) are being achieved & how well are programs meeting expected objectives

REQUIRES

Long-term goals

Annual performance targets

Annual reporting of actual performance


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USAID Planning Framework

A compendium of separate documents:

  • “Policy Framework for Bilateral Foreign Aid” (The White Paper) & many other USAID policies

    - how we work

  • Strategic resource allocation model

    - where we work


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Managing for Results

Results that USAID wants to achieve

GPRA&

Core

Values

&

USG Priorities

USAID implements programs & activities

Information to assess & improve performance


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USAID Core Values

EmpowermentandAccountability

ValuingDiversity

Managing forResults

Customer Focus

Teamwork

and

Participation


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Mission/Vision/Core Values

Communications

Strategic Plans

Assessing&Learning

Planning

Achieving

Outcomes

Targets

Decisions

Activity Plans

ManagementInitiatives

The Managing for Results System


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Levels of Results

USAID Goals

Strategic Level

(Results)

Strategic Objectives

Intermediate Results

Tactical Level

(Inputs & Outputs)

Sub-Intermediate Results

Activities


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SO

Joint State/USAID Agency Strategic Plan

Strategic Goals

Filter of Agency Framework, Bureau Frameworks &Technical Strategies

Performance Goals

Mission Strategic Objectives

USAID Operating Unit Strategy Statement

Joint State & USAID Planning Begins


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Standardization Begins…….

  • Program Components

  • Common Indicators


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Foreign Assistance Reform Timeline

  • January 2006: Secretary Rice conceptualizes foreign assistance as essential component of transformational diplomacy

  • March 2006: Ambassador Tobias appointed Director of Foreign Assistance (F) to oversee State & USAID funds:

    • Ensure foreign assistance is used effectively to meet foreign policy objectives

    • Align foreign assistance activities of State & USAID

    • Demonstrate responsibility for taxpayer dollars……..


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Foreign Assistance Reform Timeline

  • May 2006: New budget & planning process announced

  • June 2006: New Foreign Assistance Framework outlines 5 functional objectives & 5 country categories.


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The Goal of the Foreign Assistance framework

Helping to build and sustain democratic, well-governed states that will respond to the needs of their people & conduct themselves responsibly in the international system.


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Objectives of the Foreign Assistance Framework

  • Peace and Security

  • Governing Justly & Democratically

  • Investing in People

  • Economic Growth

  • Humanitarian Assistance


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Country Categories

  • Rebuilding countries

  • Developing countries

  • Transforming countries

  • Sustaining partnership countries

  • Restrictive countries


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Foreign Assistance Standardized Structure and DefinitionsAvailable at www.state.gov/f/reform

  • Each Objective broken down into

    • Program Areas

    • Program Elements

    • Program Sub-Elements

  • Standardized OP Indicators that describe whatwill be achieved at Program Area & Element Levels


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An example…..

  • Governing Justly & Democratically

  • 4 Program Areas

    • 1. Rule of Law & Human Rights

      Program Element 1.1 Constitutions, Laws & Legal systems

      Program Element 1.2 Judicial Independence

      Program Element 1.3 Justice System


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Foreign Assistance Strategy & Country Operational Plans

  • Global strategy being drafted to amplify framework

  • 67 fast track countries have prepared a combined USAID/State Operational Plan


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The Operational Plan

  • Operating Unit Overview

  • Program Area & Element Information

    • Narrative

    • USG, Host Country & Donor Activities

    • OP Indicators & Targets

  • Implementing Mechanism Information

    • Planned activities

    • OP Indicators & Targets

    • Sub-partners


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Organizational Structure

  • Four USG-wide sector teams

    • Peace & Security

    • Governing Justly & Democratically

    • Investing in People

    • Economic Growth

  • Two cross-cutting teams:

    • Strategic Information

    • Management and Budget


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Unified USG planning

  • Country Team approach under the Ambassador

    • Political Section

    • Economic Section

    • Public Affairs Section

    • Department Of Defense

    • National Institute for Health

    • Centre for Disease Control

    • US Department of Agriculture

    • USAID


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Areas, Elements and Indicators

  • Program Areas, Elements & sub-elements must be selected from the “Foreign Assistance Standardized Program Structure & Definitions”

  • OP Indicators must be selected from a menu of standardized indicators – at least one indicator per program element

  • “Custom” indicators from PMPs can be incorporated into the operational plan at the implementing mechanism level


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Review & Approval Processes

  • Each OP is reviewed by Objective by inter-agency technical experts

  • Overall OP review by Senior leadership to ensure policy coherence

  • Approval by Director of Foreign Assistance


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The OP and Performance Management

  • Indicators & targets established in the operational plan do not replace USAID or partner performance management plans

  • PMPs are a “best development practice”

  • Relevant OP Indicators should be incorporated into PMPs

  • Data Quality Assessments must be done


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Unified USG Planning

  • Old terminology:

    • USAID Strategic Objective

  • New terminology:

    • Foreign Assistance Objective

  • www.state.gov/f


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Some Questions to Ask….

  • Is there an adequate role for host country input?

  • Will what gets measured be the only things that get done?

  • Will the Framework better guide potential partners to design more focused projects?


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