Section 8-5 Proportions in Triangles SPI 22B: apply ratio and proportion to solve real-world problems involving polygons. Objectives: Use Side-splitter Theorem and the Triangle-Angle-Bisector Theorem. Similar triangles can be used

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Objectives: Use Side-splitter Theorem and the Triangle-Angle-Bisector Theorem

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Section 8-5 Proportions in Triangles SPI 22B: apply ratio and proportion to solve real-world problems involving polygons

Objectives:

Use Side-splitter Theorem and the Triangle-Angle-Bisector Theorem

Similar triangles can be used

to solve a variety of problems.

Side-Splitter Theorem

Theorem 8-4 Side-Splitter Theorem

If a line is parallel to one side of a triangle and intersects the other two sides, then it divides those sides proportionally.

Apply the Side-Splitter Theorem

Find the length of VX by using the side splitter theorem.

Corollary to Side-Splitter Theorem

Theorem 8-4 Corollary to Side-Splitter Theorem

If three parallel lines intersect two transversals, then the segments intercepted on the transversals are proportional.

Apply the Corollary to the Side-Splitter Theorem

Find the value of x from the diagram below.

Real-world Connection

Sail makers sometimes use a computer to create patterns for sails. After the panels are cut out, they are sown together to form the sail.

The edges of the panels in the sail to the right are parallel. Find the lengths of x and y.

Triangle-Angle Bisector Theorem

Theorem 8-5 Triangle-Angle Bisector Theorem

If a ray bisects an angle of a triangle, then it divides the opposite side into two segments that are proportional to the other two sides of the triangle.