Evolutionary origins of stigmatization the functions of social exclusion
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Evolutionary Origins of Stigmatization: The Functions of Social Exclusion. Robert Kurzban and Mark Leary Lauren Frazier, Jessica Williams, Chris Kelleher. Functions of Stigmatization. Dyadic Cooperation Coalitional Exploitation Parasitic Avoidance. Dyadic Cooperation.

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Evolutionary Origins of Stigmatization: The Functions of Social Exclusion

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Evolutionary origins of stigmatization the functions of social exclusion

Evolutionary Origins of Stigmatization: The Functions of Social Exclusion

Robert Kurzban and Mark Leary

Lauren Frazier, Jessica Williams, Chris Kelleher


Functions of stigmatization

Functions of Stigmatization

  • Dyadic Cooperation

  • Coalitional Exploitation

  • Parasitic Avoidance


Dyadic cooperation

Dyadic Cooperation

  • Mechanism designed to avoid individuals who are poor partners for social exchange.

    • Examples of those who are of low social value: homeless, mentally ill, criminals.

  • This stigma evokes anger and a need to punish.


Coalitional exploitation

Coalitional Exploitation

  • Mechanism designed to exclude members from reaping the benefits of membership from one’s own group.

    • Examples of this type of stigmatization: ethnocentrism, in-group bias, out-group exploitation.

  • Emotions evoked: fear and hate.


Parasitic avoidance

Parasitic Avoidance

  • Mechanism designed to prevent prolonged contact with those who carry transmittable pathogens/diseases.

  • Emotions evoked: disgust and revulsion, causes the individual to avoid the potential contagion.


Mean girls video

Mean Girls Video

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gZ_qXmxdgGM

  • Demonstrates Coalitional Exploitation model of stigmatization.

  • “Plastics” (in-group) are at the top of the social hierarchy, and all the other groups “Jocks”, “Cool Asians”, “Nerds” (out-group) are the bottom of the hierarchy.


Discussion

Discussion

  • Social Viscosity: any tendency for individuals to continue living close to the place they were born (Dawkins, 218).

  • Our question: do you live in the same state you were born in? The same city?

  • Can we live in a world with no stigmas? An egalitarian society?


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