T obi tone and break indices
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T oBI (Tone and Break Indices) Тоны и показатели просодических швов (стыков, брейков) PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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T oBI (Tone and Break Indices) Тоны и показатели просодических швов (стыков, брейков). ToBI (1992-1996).

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T oBI (Tone and Break Indices) Тоны и показатели просодических швов (стыков, брейков)

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T obi tone and break indices

ToBI (Tone and Break Indices) (, )


Tobi 1992 1996

ToBI(1992-1996)

(AE), (Silverman etal. 1992).

  • , (, , B ).

  • - .


T obi tone and break indices

  • ToBI

  • ;

  • , ;

  • , ;

  • () ;

  • ToBI ToGI, ToDI, GRToBI, ToRI, + , , ( .).


T obi tone and break indices

ToBI

, , .

1.J. Pierrehumbert, 1980 1 ;

2.M. Beckman & J. Pierrehumbert, 1986 - ;

3. J. Pierrehumbert. Tonal elements and their alignment, 2000 - ;

4. Goldsmith J., 1990 2;

5. LaddD. R.(1983, 1996) ;

6. Wightman C. et. al. 1992 =;

7. Selkirk E. 1984, 1995 ( ).

1. &;2 &. .


J pierrehumbert tonal elements and their alignment 1980 2000

J. Pierrehumbert. Tonal elements and their alignment, 1980 - 2000 - ,

: 50- . = .

  • ,

    ; - .

    .

    1. Trager. Smith, 1951, Pike, 1945 4 = : L, LM, HM, H.

    2. Bolinger (1951,1958), . + Liberman M. (1975), Ladd (1979).- - .

    .


T obi tone and break indices

J. Pierrehumbert (1980-2000) - .

  • : H ~ L (= targets) .

    6

    :

  • L H

  • :

    L + H*, L* + H, H* + L, H+ L*

    (. 7).

L*, H*, L+H*, L*+H, H+L*, H*+L,


T obi tone and break indices

()

() = , () ( ) (. 10 ).

, , = 3 ; (. 9).

:

  • . - , . 1 - 3, 5. , : - . .

  • . , 36 . (.11). , .

  • .

  • - , - . (.10)


T obi tone and break indices

X%

X*

-


T obi tone and break indices

-

Adelaides in South Australia and Sydneys in New South Wales.


T obi tone and break indices


T obi tone and break indices

  • Tone alignment rules = ( , ). 1.

  • - = . . -.

  • , . . , . , , . . . . - .

    .. // 2000 . . 211-219.

    .. // '97. ., 1997. C. 161-164.

1 , . , .


T obi tone and break indices

[[Adelaide] [is in South Australia] ] -

H* H- H* L- L%

[[Adelaide] [is in South Australia?] ] -

H* H- L* H- H%


T obi tone and break indices

[[Adelaides] [ in South Australia] ] -

H* H- H* H* L-H%

[[Adelaides] [ in South Australia] ]

H* H- H* H* H- L%


T obi tone and break indices

[[Sydney isnt in South Australia!] ] -

L*+H* L- H%


Tobi annotation conventions 1992 m beckman and j hirshberg

ToBI Annotation Conventions (1992 )M. Beckman and J. Hirshberg

  • ToBI

  • : , -, (labels) 4 ():

  • : w*ord

  • :TA;PhT;BT; !H; HiF0

  • (): 0,1,2,3,4- ;

  • ( ): , , .

    , wavesTM, .


T obi tone and break indices

, ;

  • wavesTM - ESPS (Entropic Speech Processing System, Unix)

  • EMU Labeller

  • Pitchworks SciConcord.com (.18, 19 + Demo)

  • SA SIL ?


T obi tone and break indices

PitchWorks


T obi tone and break indices

, ,

wavesTM

  • , : field_1; field_2; field_3; field_4; field_5.

    ::

    w(*)ordtonal_marker$break_index@(time_stamp)(time_stamp); comment

  • .

  • c ToBI wavesTM (ESPS) Unix, . ESPS-, , Ohio State Univ., Windows . . EMU-. , EMU .

    , .


T obi tone and break indices

() ToBI

  • 26, 34 . (Pitrelli et al. 1994) .

  • 88% - ;

  • 81 % ;

  • 92% () = ;

  • , , .


T obi tone and break indices

ToBI

ToBI , . , , . , 4- , , .

  • -ToBI , .

  • , . , , ( ).

  • ToBI

    ToGI, ToDI, GRToBI, ToRi www.fon.hum.uva.nl/tori

    I, +,, , ( .), , ..


  • Login