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Greece The Hellenic Era. Agenda. Greek government and society Review for Quiz. Key Vocabulary. Polis Acropolis Agora Myth Oracle Hoplite Aristocracy Oligarchy Tyrant/Tyranny Popular Government/Democracy. I. Greek Culture.

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greece the hellenic era
Greece The Hellenic Era

Agenda

  • Greek government and society
  • Review for Quiz
key vocabulary
Key Vocabulary

Polis

Acropolis

Agora

Myth

Oracle

Hoplite

Aristocracy

Oligarchy

Tyrant/Tyranny

Popular Government/Democracy

i greek culture
I. Greek Culture
  • Most people were illiterate, so communication was spoken (oral).
  • Travelling poets sang ballads, folk songs, or epics.
  • Homer
    • Iliad – epic poem about the Trojan War
    • Odyssey – epic poem about Odysseus’ journey after the Trojan War.
i greek culture1
I. Greek Culture

D. Religion – polytheistic – not focussed on personal morality.

  • Explain nature
  • Explain emotions (self-control is important)
  • Gave benefits now – not after life (Hades)
  • Myths – stories about gods, goddesses or heroes.
    • e.g. Zeus, Athena, Apollo, Dionysus
    • Oracles – priest or priestess through whom the gods spoke.

E. Olympic Games – held every 4 years to honor Zeus

ii greek government
II. Greek Government
  • Aristocracy – government run by wealthy landowners – literally “rule by the best” – “aristocrats” or “best men”.
  • Hoplite – non-aristocrat who could afford armor – became the heavy infantry of much of Greece – began to gain power and demand more say in government.
  • Tyrants – not originally a bad name – just someone who had taken over power illegally. Many ruled well – but eventually they became brutal and unjust.
  • Popular government – democracy – developed, especially in Athens.
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