Greece the hellenic era
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Greece The Hellenic Era. Agenda. Greek government and society Review for Quiz. Key Vocabulary. Polis Acropolis Agora Myth Oracle Hoplite Aristocracy Oligarchy Tyrant/Tyranny Popular Government/Democracy. I. Greek Culture.

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Greece The Hellenic Era

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Greece the hellenic era

Greece The Hellenic Era

Agenda

  • Greek government and society

  • Review for Quiz


Key vocabulary

Key Vocabulary

Polis

Acropolis

Agora

Myth

Oracle

Hoplite

Aristocracy

Oligarchy

Tyrant/Tyranny

Popular Government/Democracy


I greek culture

I. Greek Culture

  • Most people were illiterate, so communication was spoken (oral).

  • Travelling poets sang ballads, folk songs, or epics.

  • Homer

    • Iliad – epic poem about the Trojan War

    • Odyssey – epic poem about Odysseus’ journey after the Trojan War.


I greek culture1

I. Greek Culture

D. Religion – polytheistic – not focussed on personal morality.

  • Explain nature

  • Explain emotions (self-control is important)

  • Gave benefits now – not after life (Hades)

  • Myths – stories about gods, goddesses or heroes.

    • e.g. Zeus, Athena, Apollo, Dionysus

    • Oracles – priest or priestess through whom the gods spoke.

      E. Olympic Games – held every 4 years to honor Zeus


Ii greek government

II. Greek Government

  • Aristocracy – government run by wealthy landowners – literally “rule by the best” – “aristocrats” or “best men”.

  • Hoplite – non-aristocrat who could afford armor – became the heavy infantry of much of Greece – began to gain power and demand more say in government.

  • Tyrants – not originally a bad name – just someone who had taken over power illegally. Many ruled well – but eventually they became brutal and unjust.

  • Popular government – democracy – developed, especially in Athens.


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