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Flash-forward: After the age Absolutism , a number of revolutions occurred throughout Europe to bring back democratic forms of government. Make a Prediction: Based on what you know about absolutism and democracy, why do you think the people want democracy after all these kings and Monarchs?.

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Flash-forward: After the age Absolutism, a number of revolutions occurred throughout Europe to bring back democratic forms of government.

Make a Prediction: Based on what you know about absolutism and democracy, why do you think the people want democracy after all these kings and Monarchs?

Quick Write


What: The age of absolutism in Europe

Why: To see why the people of Europe got increasingly upset at Absolute Monarchs

How: Taking notes and completing the King Louis XIV activity

Big 3


Louis XIV and Absolutism


  • France (1562-1598): Religious wars between Catholics and Protestants

  • 1589 - Protestant prince became King Henry IV.

France – Late 1500’s

Who were the Catholics and who were the Protestants?

Why were they fighting?


  • Henry rebuilt French economy

  • Brought peace

    • Followed by his son, Louis XIII (weak!!).

  • Cardinal Richelieu

    • Louis XIII’s chief minister

    • Very Good Assistant

    • Rules the land and expands the King’s Power

France – Late 1500’s

Louis XIII (13th)


Cardinal Richelieu


  • 1643—Louis XIV became king at the age of 5

  • Cardinal Mazarin(replaced Richelieu as minister)

    • Ruled for Louis until he was 22.

  • Louis became a powerful ruler (total control of France)

Louis XIV Comes to Power

Cardinal Mazarian


Louis XIV “The Sun King”


  • Kept nobles out of his govt.

  • Worked hard to increase the wealth of France.

  • Jean Baptiste Colbert (Chief Minister of Finance)

    • Tried to build French industry

    • Urges people to buy French goods (not imports)

    • Urged people to settle in Canada (French colony)

    • Fur trade in North America brings France wealth

Louis XIV Comes to Power


Louis enjoyed a life of luxury

Huge Palace at Versailles (near Paris)

The Sun King’s Grand Style


Versailles


  • Louis made France the most powerful nation in Europe.

  • Larger population and bigger army than any other country.

  • However…costly mistakes

    • Tries to take too much land

Louis Fights Disastrous Wars

What are some of the problems for an Empire if it is growing too big?


  • War of Spanish Succession (1700-1713)

  • Fought to try to combine French and Spanish thrones

  • Rest of Europe felt threatened

    • Joined in war against them.

  • Major consequence of this: England became new rising power.

Louis Fights Disastrous Wars


Reigned for 72 Years

Lived very rich lifestyle

The “Sun King”—Perfect example of Absolutism

Louis XIV


  • 1.) Postcard, you will have to construct a postcard as Louis XIV in Versailles.

    • In the card describe your life, goals, major events, and ultimate demise.

    • On the other side, please include a visual that captures the essence of Louis and ABSOLUTISM

    • When you finish prepare for the Salon

      • Name card

      • Go over questions

King Louis XIV Activity


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