Hominin evolution stone tools overview
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Hominin Evolution: Stone Tools Overview. Stone Tool Sequence. 5 different industries: Solutrean Magdalenian. Oldowan. Mousterian. Acheulian. Australopithecus garhi and Homo habilis. Neanderthals. Homo erectus. Homo sapiens. Oldowan Stone Tools.

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Hominin Evolution: Stone Tools Overview

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Hominin evolution stone tools overview

Hominin Evolution: Stone Tools Overview


Stone tool sequence

Stone Tool Sequence

  • 5 different

  • industries:

  • Solutrean

  • Magdalenian

Oldowan

Mousterian

Acheulian

Australopithecus garhi

and

Homo habilis

Neanderthals

Homo erectus

Homo sapiens


Oldowan stone tools

Oldowan Stone Tools

  • Making simple flakes struck off ______________

    • Bed I & Bed II at Olduvai Gorge (Tanzania)

      • Gona River in the Middle Awash region

    • Oldest formally recognized stone tool assemblage

      • ___________________________


Oldowan stone tools1

Oldowan Stone Tools

Dated to: 1.5 to 2 million years ago


Making of oldowan tools

Making of Oldowan Tools


Oldowan stone tools2

Oldowan Stone Tools

  • Australopithecus garhi

    • _______________

    • Antelope remains: _________________

  • Homo habils

    • Originally found among H. habilis

    • _________________


Acheulian stone tools

Acheulian Stone Tools

  • More diverse, sophisticated

  • Spread from __________

  • __________ stone was worked ________

  • 2 manufacturing techniques:

    • 1.

    • 2.


Acheulian stone tools1

AcheulianStone Tools

Graver, or burin

Flint Point

Flint Awl

Quartzite Chopper


Acheulian stone tool biface hand ax

Acheulian Stone Tool: ‘Biface’ Hand Ax

  • Dominant tool in _____________

  • Characterized by: ____________

  • Hard to soft hammer technique

  • Found in association with ___________

  • Spanned the ______________________ of H. erectus


Butchering and scavenging

Butchering and Scavenging

  • Hunting or scavenging?

  • Tool marks on animal bones discovered at H. erectus sites indicate:

    • Acquiring _______________

      • 1.

      • 2.

    • _____________ the animals, including _______________


Mousterian stone tools

Mousterian Stone Tools

  • Characterized by a __________________ than found in Acheulian tool kits

Mousterian Toolkit – Including, from left to right:

1) Levalloiis point; 2) Perforator; 3) Side Scraper


Mousterian stone tools1

Mousterian Stone Tools

  • Developed for _________________________

  • No evidence of _____________

  • __________ is prevalent

  • NOVA Video Clip


Homo sapiens tools in europe

Homo sapiens’ Tools in Europe

  • Begin at _______________

  • 5 industries, based on stone tool technologies

    • Chatelperronian

    • Aurignacian

    • Gravettian

    • Solutrean

    • Magdalenian

  • Major _________________ were occurring


Solutrean stone tools

Solutrean Stone Tools

  • Upper Paleolithic skill & aesthetic

  • _________________ developed to the finest degree known

  • Referred to as _________________

    • Made by ________________

    • Were expertly flaked _________________

  • Final products were _____________, but could also be considered a piece of ____


Magdalenian tools

Magdalenian Tools

  • ___________________ – wooden or bone hooked rod that extended the hunter’s arm

  • Bow and arrow use; punch blade technique

  • Decoration of these objects = _____________________


Magdalenian tools1

Magdalenian Tools

  • Use of _____ __________

    • Mladec bone awls and awls tips


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