Reflexive verbs refresher
Download
1 / 10

Reflexive Verbs Refresher - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 51 Views
  • Uploaded on

Reflexive Verbs Refresher. Definition of reflexive verbs. A verb is reflexive when the subject (the performer of the action) and the object (the receiver of that action) are the same. When a verb is not reflexive, the subject and the object are different .

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' Reflexive Verbs Refresher' - winka


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

Definition of reflexive verbs
Definition of reflexive verbs

  • A verb is reflexive when the subject (the performer of the action) and the object (the receiver of that action) are the same.

  • When a verb is not reflexive, the subject and the object are different.

  • Example: He gets up, washes, shaves, and dresses (himself).

    • In Spanish: Él se levanta, se lava, se afeita y se viste.


Ejemplos
Ejemplos:

  • I bathe (myself). Yo ___ ____________. (bañarse)

  • You call yourself Juan. Tú ____ _________ Juan.

  • They get up. Ellos ____ _____________. (levantarse)

What are all of the reflexive pronouns en español?


Many transitive verbs receiving a d o may logically be made reflexive
Many transitive verbs (receiving a D.O.) may logically be made reflexive.

  • acostar (to put to bed) acostarse (to go to bed)

  • afeitar (to shave) afeitarse (to shave oneself)

  • divertir (to amuse) divertirse (to have a good time)

  • llamar (to call) llamarse (to be named)

  • sentar (to seat) sentarse (to sit down)

  • vestir (to dress) vestirse (to get dressed)


Example of this difference
Example of this difference: made reflexive.

La madreacostó a los niños a lasocho y ella se acostó a lasdiez.


Some verbs change meaning when reflexive
Some verbs change meaning when reflexive. made reflexive.

  • Comer= to eat comerse= to eat up

  • Ir= to go irse= to go away

  • Llevar= to carry llevarse= to carry away

  • Dormir= to sleep dormirse= to fall asleep

  • Quitar= to take away quitarse= to take off (clothing)


Some verbs are always reflexive in spanish
Some verbs are always reflexive in Spanish. made reflexive.

  • Arrepentirse = to repent

  • Atreverse= to dare

  • Jactarse= to boast

  • Quejarse= to complain

Quien no se atreve no pasa la mar. (He who does not dare does not cross the sea.)

Se queja de que no se acuerda de nada. (He complains that he does not remember anything.)


Several verbs combine the reflexive and indirect object pronoun to indicate that the person is affected by an unexpected action.

  • Se le perdieron los mapas. He lost the maps.

  • Se me murió el caballo. My horse died “on me.”

  • No se me ocurrió. It didn’t occur to me.

  • Se me olvidó el ensayo. I forgot the essay.

  • Certain verbs like “olvidar”, “ocurrir” and “figurar” are often used in this way.


The reflexive may be used in the plural to express a reciprocal action either direct or indirect
The reflexive may be used in the plural to express a reciprocal action, either direct or indirect.

  • No nosvemos mucho, peronosescribimostodaslassemanas.

    • We don’t see each other often, but we write (to one another) every week.

  • Se miraronuno a otro.

    • They looked at each other.


The reflexive se is used to express the english indefinite one they you people etc
The reflexive se is used to express the English indefinite reciprocal action, either direct or indirect.one, they, you, people, etc.

  • Se creequees tonto.

    • People think he’s a fool.

  • Se come bienaquí.

    • One eats well here.

  • Se prohibefumar en clase.

    • It’s forbidden to smoke in class.


ad