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LEGAL DESCRIPTION. THE LEGAL DESCRIPTION IDENTIFIES PROPERTY IN SUCH TERMS THAT IT CANNOT BE CONFUSED WITH ANY OTHER PROPERTY. A LEGAL DESCRIPTION IS ALWAYS INCLUDED IN AN APPRAISAL REPORT. THREE PRINCIPLE METHODS ARE USED FOR DESCRIBING REAL PROPERTY IN THE U.S . THE METES AND BOUNDS SYSTEM

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legal description
LEGALDESCRIPTION
  • THE LEGAL DESCRIPTION IDENTIFIES PROPERTY IN SUCH TERMS THAT IT CANNOT BE CONFUSED WITH ANY OTHER PROPERTY.
  • A LEGAL DESCRIPTION IS ALWAYS INCLUDED IN AN APPRAISAL REPORT.
slide2
THREE PRINCIPLE METHODS ARE USED FOR DESCRIBING REAL PROPERTY IN THE U.S.
  • THE METES AND BOUNDS SYSTEM
  • THE RECTANGULAR SURVEY SYSTEM
  • THE SUBDIVISION LOT AND BLOCK SYSTEM
slide3
THE FIRST TWO SYSTEMS ARE OF CONCERN TO RURAL PROPERTY IN AGRICULTURAL USE.
  • THE THIRD SYSTEM IS PERTINENT TO THE APPRAISAL OF PROPERTIES THAT ARE DEVELOPED FOR RESIDENTIAL USE.
metes and bounds system
METES AND BOUNDS SYSTEM
  • A SURVEY SYSTEM WHICH MEASURES AND IDENTIFIES LAND BY DESCRIBING PROPERTY BOUNDARIES.
  • THIS SYSTEM WAS USED FOR LAND TRANSFERS IN THE ORIGINAL COLONIES AND SOME PARTS OF TEXAS.
slide5
A METES AND BOUNDS DESCRIPTION DESCRIBES THE BOUNDARY OF THE PROPERTY IN A CLOCKWISE OR COUNTERCLOCKWISE DIRECTION FORM THE POINT OF BEGINNING.
slide6
THE POINT OF BEGINNING IS THE SURVEY REFERENCE POINT WHICH IS TIED INTO ADJOINING SURVEYS.
  • METES REFER TO DISTANCES.
  • BOUNDS REFER TO THE BEARING FROM THE TRUE NORTH AND SOUTH LINE.
rectangular survey system
RECTANGULAR SURVEY SYSTEM
  • THE RECTANGULAR SYSTEM WAS INTRODUCED IN 1784.
  • THE RECTANGULAR SYSTEM IS BASED ON SETS OF INTERSECTING LINES:
slide8
PRINCIPLE MERIDIANS , WHICH RUN NORTH AND SOUTH

BASE LINES, WHICH RUN EAST AND WEST

slide9
A RANGE IS CREATED BY LINES WHICH RUN NORTH AND SOUTH PARALLEL TO THE PRINCIPLE MERIDIANS.
  • EACH RANGE IS SIX MILES WIDE.
  • EACH SIX-MILE-WIDE RANGE IS DESIGNATED BY CONSECUTIVE NUMBERS EAST OR WEST OF THE PRINCIPLE MERIDIAN.
slide10
A TOWNSHIP ARE SIX-MILE BY SIX-MILE BLOCKS OF LAND THAT ARE TIERED WITHIN THE STRIPS FORMED BY THE RANGE LINES.
  • EACH TOWNSHIP IS SIX BY SIX MILES, WHICH IS 36 SQUARE MILES.
  • EACH TOWNSHIP IS DESIGNATED BY CONSECUTIVE NUMBERS NORTH OR SOUTH OF THE BASE LINE.
slide11
EACH SECTION IS ONE MILE SQUARE, THERE BEING 36 SECTIONS IN A TOWNSHIP.
  • A SECTION IS 640 ACRES.
  • SECTIONS ARE DIVIDED INTO SMALLER AREAS SUCH AS HALVES AND QUARTERS.
slide12
A LEGAL DESCRIPTION BASED ON THE RECTANGULAR SYSTEM IDENTIFIES THE PRECISE LOCATION OF PROPERTY ON A GRID.
  • FOR EXAMPLE:

NE1/4, SECTION 14, TOWNSHIP 4 NORTH, RANGE 4 EAST

lot and block system
LOT AND BLOCK SYSTEM
  • THE LOT AND BLOCK SYSTEM APPLIES IN MOST URBAN COMMUNITIES.
  • A TRACT OF LAND IS SURVEYED AND PLATTED INTO RECTANGULAR BLOCKS AND LOTS.
slide14
EACH BLOCK AND LOT IS NUMBERED FOR IDENTIFICATION.
  • COPIES OF THE PLAT ARE FILED IN THE COUNTY RECORDER’S OFFICE FOR PERMANENT REFERENCE.
land measurements
LAND MEASUREMENTS
  • ONE SECTION = 640 ACRES

= ONE SQ. MILE

  • HALF SECTION = 320 ACRES
  • QUARTER SECTION = 160 ACRES
  • ONE ACRE = 43,560 SQ.FT.
  • ONE MILE = 5,280 FT.
  • ONE LABOR = 177 ACRES
  • ONE VARA = 33.33 INCHES
  • ONE CHAIN = 66 FT.
  • ONE ACRE IS 10 SQ. CHAINS
soils
SOILS
  • SOILS ARE THE BASIC COMPONENT OF VALUE IN AGRICULTURAL PROPERTIES.
  • SOILS ARE THE MEDIUM OF PRODUCTIVE CAPABILITY.
slide17
THE USE AND MANAGEMENT OF THE SOIL DETERMINE THE PROFIT THAT CAN BE REALIZED FROM AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION.
  • EVERY APPRAISAL OF PROPERTY THAT IS USED FOR AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION SHOULD HAVE A FULL DESCRIPTION OF THE SOILS ON THE PROPERTY.
productivity ratings
PRODUCTIVITY RATINGS
  • PRODUCTIVITY RATINGS ARE ESSENTIAL TO THE APPRAISAL OF AGRICULTURAL PROPERTIES.
  • VARIOUS METHODS MAY BE USED TO ARRIVE AT SOME ESTIMATE OF RELATIVE PRODUCTIVITY OF PROPERTIES.
land capability classification system
LAND CAPABILITY CLASSIFICATION SYSTEM
  • THE LAND CAPABILITY CLASSIFICATION (LCC) SYSTEM WAS DEVELOPED BY THE SOIL CONSERVATION SERVICE (NOW THE NRCS).
  • THIS CLASSIFICATION IS BASED ON THE LIMITATIONS OF THE SOIL RATHER THAN POTENTIAL YIELD.
  • INDICATES THE GENERAL SUITABILITY OF SOILS FOR MOST KINDS OF CROPS.
slide21
Class I soils have few limitations that restrict use.
  • Class II soils have moderate limitations that reduce the choice of plants or that require moderate conservation practices.
  • Class III soils have severe limitations that reduce the choice of plants or that require, special conservation practices.
  • Class IV soils have severe limitations that reduce the choice of plants or that require very careful management, or both.
slide22
Class V soils generally are not considered suitable for cultivation. These soils are likely to erode, but have other limitations, impractical to remove, that limit their use.
  • Class VI, VII, and VIII are soils that have severe limitations that make them unsuitable for cultivation or commercial crop production.
slide23
CAPABILITY SUBCLASSES
  • Subclass e - the main limitation is risk of erosion.
  • Subclass w - the main limitation to the soil is excess water, poor drainage, wetness, high water table, or overflow.
  • Subclass s - the soil is limited because it is shallow, droughty, or stony, or has some other soil problem in the rooting zone.
  • Subclass c - the chief limitation is climate that is too cold or too dry.
soil productivity indexing
SOIL PRODUCTIVITY INDEXING
  • A SOIL PRODUCTIVITY INDEX IS BASED ON THE RELATIVE PRODUCTIVE CAPACITIES OF DIFFERENT SOIL TYPES.
  • IT IS A RELATIVE INDEX IN THAT IT IS CALCULATED USING A BASE SOIL TYPE.
slide25
SOIL PRODUCTIVITY INDEXES CALCULATED FOR DIFFERENT PROPERTIES MAY BE COMPARED TO DETERMINE THEIR RELATIVE PRODUCTIVITY.
  • IT IS IMPORTANT TO USE THE SAME BASE SOIL TYPE TO CALCULATE THE INDEXES FOR THERE TO BE COMPARABILITY.
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