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The 1970s were difficult times in America… The oil crisis The economy is weak The outcome of the Vietnam War Marxist regimes in Nicaragua & El Salvador The Soviets invasion of Afghanistan. The Iranian Hostage Crisis & Carter’s failed rescue

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The 1970s were difficult times in America…

  • The oil crisis

  • The economy is weak

  • The outcome of the Vietnam War

  • Marxist regimes in Nicaragua & El Salvador

  • The Soviets invasion of Afghanistan.

  • The Iranian Hostage Crisis & Carter’s failed rescue

  • As a result of Carter’s policies the American military had low morale, low pay & outdated equipment …Key military personnel were not re-enlisting

The conservative tide

The Conservative Tide


Ronald Reagan & Bush H.W. Bush

1981-1989 1989-1993

Ronald reagan
Ronald Reagan

  • Movie star…. President of the Screen Actors Guild

  • 1966: Elected Governor of CA

  • 1980: Elected President

  • 1981: Attempted assassination

  • 1984: Re-elected …Landslide victory

The Conservative Movement in The U.S...

  • Reduce the size of the Government

  • Reduce government spending

  • Reduce government regulations to stimulate business

  • Lower taxes

  • Strengthen the national defense

  • Promote family values & patriotic ideas

  • Supported by the New Right…

    • Pro- Life

    • School Prayer

    • Anti-Affirmative Action

    • Personal Responsibility

The 1980 election reagan vs carter
The 1980 Election: Reagan vs. Carter

  • The major campaign issues…

    • The Iranian Hostage crisis

    • The weak economy

1984 ronald reagan vs walter mondale
1984: Ronald Reagan vs. Walter Mondale

  • Reagan landslide

  • Geraldine Ferraro was Mondale’s VP… The first women on a major party’s Presidential ticket.

What was reaganomics
What was Reaganomics?

  • Commonly associated with “supply-side economics” or “trickle-down economics.”

  • The four pillars of Reagan's economic policy were…

  • Reduce the size of government

  • Reduce government spending

  • Reduce taxes

  • Reduce government regulation

  • Reduce inflation

Reagan’s First Inaugural address:

“Government is not the solution to our problem; government is the problem.”

Drastic cuts in social programs…

Welfare; Job-training; Medicaid; School lunches; & Student loans.

Recession recovery the national debt
Recession, Recovery & the National Debt

  • Tax Cuts & consumer spending spark the economy

  • Stocks surged, unemployment declined& GNP went up 10%.

  • Major stock market crash in1987… The market rebounds

  • Federal spending still exceeded Federal revenue due to the tax cuts.

    By 1984 the national debt doubles under Reagan


  • Reagan cut back on the regulation of industry

  • Deregulation increased business competition & lower prices for consumers

  • Reagan cuts Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) funding…More mining, logging, oil & gas drilling… Potential environmental risk?

  • Deregulation of the Savings & Loan Banks

Urban crisis in the 1980s
Urban Crisis in the 1980s...

  • High Unemployment

  • Homelessness

  • Crumbling Infrastructure

  • Lack of health services

  • Deteriorating Schools

  • Drugs (Crack)

  • A surge in gangs and gang violence

Social issues of 1980 s
Social Issues of 1980’s…

  • AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome)

  • Drugs

  • The abortion issue: Roe v. Wade 1973…Over turn the Roe decision...Pro-life vs. Pro-choice

  • The War on Drugs… Nancy Reagan’s anti- drug campaign “Just Say no!” to drugs… “This is your brain on drugs.”

Education 1980 s
Education 1980’s

  • A Federal Commission issued a report in 1983 called

    A Nation at Risk

  • 23 million Americans can’t fill out a job application or follow an instruction manual

1983 the evil empire
1983: The “evil empire”….

  • In a speech Reagan refers to the USSR as the “evil empire”

  • Reagan sought to exceed the SU's military power.

  • Reagan predicted this would be “the final pages of the history of the S.U.”

  • Reagan angered Soviet leaders & escalated the Cold War.

Cold war victory through strength

Reagan begins the largest peace build up of the military in history.

Cold war victory through strength…

Reagan begins a massive military build up to wear down the Soviets…

Revived the B-1 bomber program, (canceled by the Carter)

Deploys the Peacekeeper missile

NATO deploys the Pershing II missile in West Germany

Reagan expanded the U.S. military budget to a staggering 43% increase over the height of the Vietnam war.

1983 strategic defense initiative sdi aka star wars
1983: Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI)… historyAKA: Star Wars

  • A plan to develop a space-based missile defense program that could defend a nuclear attack.

  • If successful, could destroy the Soviet ability to make a first strike.

  • An arms race... The Soviets wanted to keep pace with the US, but they couldn't afford to the game.

  • It was unrealistic?...Dependent on not yet developed space-based laser systems.

  • Reagan beat the Soviets economically... The cost of the arms race damages the Soviet economy... Soviet Communism will collapse.

1983 the grenada invasion
1983: The Grenada Invasion history

  • Reagan sends 2,000 US Marines to overthrow a

    Pro-Cuban government & rescue US citizens

  • 18 US soldiers were killed

1977 1979 nicaragua
1977-1979: Nicaragua history

  • The Sandinistas (Communists) take control on Nicaragua ...This was the Contra War (1981-89)

  • This was a Cold War confrontation between the US & Soviets

  • Reagan viewed the Sandinistas as a regional threat

  • The US supported the “Contras” (Counter revolutionaries) with CIA training & weapons

  • The Congress banned aid to the Contras for two years

1985 iran contra scandal
1985: Iran-Contra Scandal history

  • In 1985, 7 Americans were taken hostage in Lebanon by Pro- Iranian group

  • Reagan approved the sale of arms to Iran in exchange for the hostages release

  • National Security Council Aid Colonel Oliver North diverted millions in profits from the arms sale to the Anti- communist Contras fighting in Nicaragua

1986 us bombing of libya
1986: US Bombing of Libya history

  • In response to a 1986 Berlin discotheque bombing …3 dead, 220 wounded

  • Air-strikes against Libya

  • Libyan leader, Muammar Gaddafi was a sponsor of terrorist acts against the West.

George h w bush republican 1989 1993

George H.W. Bush historyRepublican1989-1993

Background george h w bush
Background George H.W. Bush… history

  • From a wealthy family with a history of public service

  • Attends elite private school & Yale University

  • Decorated Navy pilot in WW II

  • Government service…

    -House of Representatives Texas

    -Ambassador to UN

    -Chair of RNC

    -Liaison to China

    -Director of CIA

    -Reagan VP – 2 terms

Election of 1988
Election of 1988 history

  • Good economy, no reason to change

  • Bush “Read my Lips: no new Taxes!”

  • Dedicate to “Traditional American values”

GHW Bush (R) vs. Michael Dukakis ( D)

Collapse of Communism history

  • 1985 – Gorbachev became General Sec. of the USSR

  • The Glasnost period – “Openness”

    -Allows criticism of government

    -“Perestrokia” – Restructuring of The Soviet Economy

Mikhail Gorbachev

1989 collapse of communism
1989: Collapse of Communism reunited…

  • Czechoslovakia divided, Latvia, Estonia& Lithuania became independent

  • Hungary, Bulgaria& Romania transition from communism

  • Yugoslavia collapsed, igniting a brutal war among Muslims, Orthodox Serbs & Catholic Croats

1991 the break up of the ussr
1991: The Break-up of the USSR reunited…

  • 14 republics declare independence

  • Common Wealth of Independent States (CIS) was established

1990 americans with disabilities act
1990: Americans with Disabilities Act reunited…

Protects those with disabilities from discrimination in public places. The act makes American society more accessible to disabled Americans.

1989 the panama invasion
1989: The Panama Invasion reunited…

President Bush sends 20K troops to overthrow & arrest General Manuel Noriega on charges of international drug-trafficking

Noriega is trafficking drugs, guns & laundering money.

1990 the persian gulf war
1990: The Persian Gulf War reunited…

  • Saddam Hussein/Iraq invades Kuwait

  • Saddam threatens Middle East stability …Oil

  • President Bush organized an international coalition & with the support of the UN launched Operation Desert Storm

  • Kuwait was liberated & Iraq was weakened

  • 137 Americans KIA…. 100K Iraqi KIA