QURANIC GRAMMAR AS-SARF “Morphology of the words” Lesson 9. Lessons from the book MABADE” ALA’RABIYAH – basics of Arabic Grammar RASHEED SHARTOONI Compiled by: Sheikh Safdar Razi Ali. 13- Patterns of derived nouns (Al Ism Mushtaq). There are 7 Patterns in Nouns that we will discuss:
Lessons from the book
MABADE” ALA’RABIYAH –
basics of Arabic Grammar
Compiled by: Sheikh Safdar Razi Ali
The man came who’s brother is a worker
Jaa’aجاء – Past Tense
ArRujulالرجُلُ –Subject - (The Man)
AlAameluالعاملُ– Ism Fa’el (replaced the verbعملAamala)
أخوه– Subject of Al-Aamilعامل Linking pronoun “ho” referring back to الرجُلُ
Ism Mafool is a noun which is derived from a passive verb (مبني المجهل) to indicate an object (The one which the action of verb was done on)
Three Lettered Form: Foela فُعِلَ Mafoolمفعول
1. If the verb had a vowel letter (Alif, Wow, Yaa) in the middle (Ay’n) then it is returned to its Original vowel letter (by turning into a present tense in most cases)
2. If the verb ended with a vowel letter Alifا which was originally Yaaى , then it will be converted to YAA .
or If the vowel letter Alifا was originally wowو then it will be coverted to wow:
3. Some times Ism Mafool is used on one of the scales of ISM Faa’elفاعل such as FA’EELفعيل
OR MaJrooh مجروح= Injured one
For non tri-lettered Mafool nouns it will be prefixed by a meemم with dhamma, and the letter before the last one will have a fatha.
Scale of Mof’al
Qad’dara قّدّرمقدّر Muqad’dar
Ism Mafool is dealt as a noun Marfoo, Mansoob, and Majroor. Some times it will act as a passive verb and will take the place of the verb, in such case it will require a Naaeb Fael (successor of subject). The details of this will be discussed in grammar.