Varieties of american nationalism
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Varieties of American Nationalism. Nationalism and Sectionalism Page 216 - 233. MAIN THEMES How the Federalists rose to-and fell from-power. The presentist debate over the religious inclinations of the founding fathers.

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Varieties of American Nationalism

Nationalism and Sectionalism

Page 216 - 233


  • MAIN THEMES

  • How the Federalists rose to-and fell from-power.

  • The presentist debate over the religious inclinations of the founding fathers.

  • The internal American divisions that beset the First Party period.

  • How American ambitions and attitudes came into conflict with British policies and led to the War of 1812.

  • The participation and impact of the War of 1812 on Amerinindians.

  • The impact of the War of 1812 on American politics.

  • The defining of political authority through John Marshall and the Supreme Court.


Nationalizing

4th of July Picnic 216

Steamboat 220

Sectionalizing

Missouri Compromise

Electoral map

Look through Ch. 8 visuals/charts/maps – write down which show a nationalizing influence and which show a sectionalizing influence


MANIFEST DESTINYAmerican Progress


Aftermath of the War of 1812

  • America gives up demand of Britain to renounce impressment

  • Also gives up demand for British Canada

  • Unity threatened by slavery issue

  • War/embargo stimulated economy esp. textiles Lowell system

  • Exposed need for better transportation and for a national bank


Sectional Economic Goals

1. Low protective tariffs to encourage trade with England (cotton/tobacco)

South

1. Protective tariffs for the new New England industry

North

2. Public lands available for sale in large chunks (for farms+plantations)

2. High priced public lands to keep workers from migrating west

3. No federally built internal improvements

3. Federally built internal improvements

The New West

1. Low-priced public lands to encourage settlement (watch for the NW Ordinance!)

2. Protective tariffs to stimulate growth of a home market

3. Federally built internal improvements


Economy suffers after war of 1812 Congress passes tariff


Transportation a public /private venture: pages 219-21

  • National Road financed by Ohio land sales.

  • Robert Fulton: steam engine steamboat

  • Madison vetoesInternal Improvements Bill.

  • Did not believe Congress had the authority to fund improvements without a constitutional amendment

  • Why do you think the govern. was now interested in Internal improvements?


Internal improvements left to state govern. and private sector


Westward Expansion

PUSH Factors

PULL factors

Pop. /econ pressures

Expan. of slavery

Availability of new lands

Less Indian resistance


The northwest is now the “old northwest”

  • White settlers in old northwest

  • Lonely but not solitary

  • Built communities

  • Mutual aid

  • mobility


Plantation system in the southwest – p. 222

  • Demand for cotton draws farmers into western lands

Spread of s. settlement

slavery

cotton

plantations


4 new states admitted

  • 1816 - Indiana

  • 1817 – Mississippi

  • 1818 – Illinois

  • 1819 – Alabama

  • What issue will be important as new states are admitted to the union?

  • In 1821, Mexico wins independence from Spain and continues to control much of the southwest traders and merchants


Westward expansion: 1815- 1845


The Fur Trade and Mountain Men

  • Jacob Astor’s American Fur Trading company

  • Many lived peacefully with Ind and Mexicans

  • Exception: Jedediah Smith

  • Married Ind/Hisp women

  • Many lived in isolation


1796

1824

The First Party Period


FOUR PARTY PERIODS

1796 - 18281ST PARTY SYSTEM

FEDERALIST - ANTI-FEDERALIST

NATIONALIST - REPUBLICAN / DEMOCRAT

HAMILTONIAN - JEFFERSONIAN

1829 - 18562ND PARTY SYSTEM

WHIG- DEMOCRACY

ANTI-JACKSONIAN - JACKSONIAN

1856 - 19643RD PARTY SYSTEM

REPUBLICAN - DEMOCRAT

1964 -4TH PARTY SYSTEM

DEMOCRAT - REPUBLICAN


The “Era of Good Feelings” and the end of the 1st party system

  • Time of temporary political unity

  • 1808 – 1824

  • Madison serves for two terms then Monroe runs virtually unopposed in 1820, his second term

  • Goodwill tour


1820 election


James Madison (1809 – 1817)

Father of the Constitution


James Monroe (1817 – 1825)


Missouri Compromise 1820


Missouri Compromise- stirrings of sectionalism

  • Henry Clay said that if Missouri was not admitted as a slave state, southerners would block admission of Maine as a free state

  • Compromise temporarily papers over the issue of slavery


Marshall and the Court


The Court and the Tribes


  • MAIN THEMES

  • How the Federalists rose to-and fell from-power.

  • The presentist debate over the religious inclinations of the founding fathers.

  • The internal American divisions that beset the First Party period.

  • How American ambitions and attitudes came into conflict with British policies and led to the War of 1812.

  • The participation and impact of the War of 1812 on Amerinindians.

  • The impact of the War of 1812 on American politics.

  • The defining of political authority through John Marshall and the Supreme Court.


  • RELIGION DURING FIRST PARTY PERIOD

  • Religion and Revivalism

    • Deism

    • Universalism

    • Unitarianism

    • The Second Great Awakening  

      • PRESBYTERIANS – WEST

      • BABTISTS – SOUTH

      • METHODISTS -

    • *ARMINIANISM OVERTAKES CALVINISM


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