Varieties of american nationalism
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Varieties of American Nationalism. Nationalism and Sectionalism Page 216 - 233. MAIN THEMES How the Federalists rose to-and fell from-power. The presentist debate over the religious inclinations of the founding fathers.

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Varieties of american nationalism

Varieties of American Nationalism

Nationalism and Sectionalism

Page 216 - 233


Varieties of american nationalism

  • MAIN THEMES

  • How the Federalists rose to-and fell from-power.

  • The presentist debate over the religious inclinations of the founding fathers.

  • The internal American divisions that beset the First Party period.

  • How American ambitions and attitudes came into conflict with British policies and led to the War of 1812.

  • The participation and impact of the War of 1812 on Amerinindians.

  • The impact of the War of 1812 on American politics.

  • The defining of political authority through John Marshall and the Supreme Court.


Varieties of american nationalism

Nationalizing

4th of July Picnic 216

Steamboat 220

Sectionalizing

Missouri Compromise

Electoral map

Look through Ch. 8 visuals/charts/maps – write down which show a nationalizing influence and which show a sectionalizing influence


Manifest destiny american progress

MANIFEST DESTINYAmerican Progress


Aftermath of the war of 1812

Aftermath of the War of 1812

  • America gives up demand of Britain to renounce impressment

  • Also gives up demand for British Canada

  • Unity threatened by slavery issue

  • War/embargo stimulated economy esp. textiles Lowell system

  • Exposed need for better transportation and for a national bank


Varieties of american nationalism

Sectional Economic Goals

1. Low protective tariffs to encourage trade with England (cotton/tobacco)

South

1. Protective tariffs for the new New England industry

North

2. Public lands available for sale in large chunks (for farms+plantations)

2. High priced public lands to keep workers from migrating west

3. No federally built internal improvements

3. Federally built internal improvements

The New West

1. Low-priced public lands to encourage settlement (watch for the NW Ordinance!)

2. Protective tariffs to stimulate growth of a home market

3. Federally built internal improvements


Economy suffers after war of 1812 congress passes tariff

Economy suffers after war of 1812 Congress passes tariff


Transportation a public private venture pages 219 21

Transportation a public /private venture: pages 219-21

  • National Road financed by Ohio land sales.

  • Robert Fulton: steam engine steamboat

  • Madison vetoesInternal Improvements Bill.

  • Did not believe Congress had the authority to fund improvements without a constitutional amendment

  • Why do you think the govern. was now interested in Internal improvements?


Internal improvements left to state govern and private sector

Internal improvements left to state govern. and private sector


Westward expansion

Westward Expansion

PUSH Factors

PULL factors

Pop. /econ pressures

Expan. of slavery

Availability of new lands

Less Indian resistance


The northwest is now the old northwest

The northwest is now the “old northwest”

  • White settlers in old northwest

  • Lonely but not solitary

  • Built communities

  • Mutual aid

  • mobility


Plantation system in the southwest p 222

Plantation system in the southwest – p. 222

  • Demand for cotton draws farmers into western lands

Spread of s. settlement

slavery

cotton

plantations


4 new states admitted

4 new states admitted

  • 1816 - Indiana

  • 1817 – Mississippi

  • 1818 – Illinois

  • 1819 – Alabama

  • What issue will be important as new states are admitted to the union?

  • In 1821, Mexico wins independence from Spain and continues to control much of the southwest traders and merchants


Westward expansion 1815 1845

Westward expansion: 1815- 1845


The fur trade and mountain men

The Fur Trade and Mountain Men

  • Jacob Astor’s American Fur Trading company

  • Many lived peacefully with Ind and Mexicans

  • Exception: Jedediah Smith

  • Married Ind/Hisp women

  • Many lived in isolation


The first party period

1796

1824

The First Party Period


Varieties of american nationalism

FOUR PARTY PERIODS

1796 - 18281ST PARTY SYSTEM

FEDERALIST - ANTI-FEDERALIST

NATIONALIST - REPUBLICAN / DEMOCRAT

HAMILTONIAN - JEFFERSONIAN

1829 - 18562ND PARTY SYSTEM

WHIG- DEMOCRACY

ANTI-JACKSONIAN - JACKSONIAN

1856 - 19643RD PARTY SYSTEM

REPUBLICAN - DEMOCRAT

1964 -4TH PARTY SYSTEM

DEMOCRAT - REPUBLICAN


The era of good feelings and the end of the 1 st party system

The “Era of Good Feelings” and the end of the 1st party system

  • Time of temporary political unity

  • 1808 – 1824

  • Madison serves for two terms then Monroe runs virtually unopposed in 1820, his second term

  • Goodwill tour


1820 election

1820 election


James madison 1809 1817

James Madison (1809 – 1817)

Father of the Constitution


James monroe 1817 1825

James Monroe (1817 – 1825)


Missouri compromise 1820

Missouri Compromise 1820


Missouri compromise stirrings of sectionalism

Missouri Compromise- stirrings of sectionalism

  • Henry Clay said that if Missouri was not admitted as a slave state, southerners would block admission of Maine as a free state

  • Compromise temporarily papers over the issue of slavery


Marshall and the court

Marshall and the Court


The court and the tribes

The Court and the Tribes


Varieties of american nationalism

  • MAIN THEMES

  • How the Federalists rose to-and fell from-power.

  • The presentist debate over the religious inclinations of the founding fathers.

  • The internal American divisions that beset the First Party period.

  • How American ambitions and attitudes came into conflict with British policies and led to the War of 1812.

  • The participation and impact of the War of 1812 on Amerinindians.

  • The impact of the War of 1812 on American politics.

  • The defining of political authority through John Marshall and the Supreme Court.


Varieties of american nationalism

  • RELIGION DURING FIRST PARTY PERIOD

  • Religion and Revivalism

    • Deism

    • Universalism

    • Unitarianism

    • The Second Great Awakening  

      • PRESBYTERIANS – WEST

      • BABTISTS – SOUTH

      • METHODISTS -

    • *ARMINIANISM OVERTAKES CALVINISM


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