Moving instruction from traditional classroom to the online environment
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Moving Instruction from Traditional Classroom to the Online Environment. Rita-Marie Conrad, Ph.D. Based on Faculty Guide for Moving Teaching and Learning to the Web (Boettcher and Conrad, 2004). Session Objectives. Present a framework for Web-based instruction

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Moving Instruction from Traditional Classroom to the Online Environment

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Moving Instruction from Traditional Classroom to the Online Environment

Rita-Marie Conrad, Ph.D.

Based on Faculty Guide for Moving Teaching and Learning to the Web (Boettcher and Conrad, 2004)


Session Objectives

  • Present a framework for Web-based instruction

  • Build upon your knowledge as an experienced educator

  • Develop an Course Design Plan for your course

  • Discuss a “phased” move of your course to the Web


Today’s Format

  • Interactive presentation

  • Reflective Moments

  • Group discussion


Reflective Question #1:Why do you teach the way that you do?


Reflective Question #2:What is your teaching philosophy?

What are your goals in the learning environment? What elements are key to you?


Purpose of Education

  • “…provide assistance to learners that enables them to achieve levels of development (and efficiency) that they would not be able to achieve by themselves.”

    • J. Tiffin and L. Rajasingham (1995)…based on Vygotsky’s work,


Behaviorism

  • Shape a learner’s behavior

  • Instructor presents Stimuli to elicit a specific Response

  • B.F. Skinner

    • manipulate environment

    • observable behavior change


Cognitivism

  • Learner processes information

  • Input-processing-storage-retrieval

  • Instructor manages info input

  • Learner active participant

  • Bruner & Vygotsky (social cognitivists)


Constructivism

  • Learner builds knowledge

  • Learner-centered environment

  • Learner creates educational experience

  • Instructor is manager/facilitator of learner-defined environment


Heritage of John Dewey, Philosopher and Educator

  • Key to effective educational experience is interaction and continuity

  • Learner needs to be an active participant


Adult Learning Theorists

  • Malcolm Knowles

    • Andragogy

  • Jack Mezirow

    • Transformation Theory

  • Stephen Brookfield

    • Self-direction


What is an Online Learning Environment?


Real-Time

Interactive

Dialogue

Multicast

Presentations

Research -

Knowledge

Creation

Real-Time

Seminars

Net as the

Gathering Place

Tutorials and

Questioning

Secure

Evaluations

Collaborative

Projects

World Wide Web as Framework for Instruction


8 Shifts of Interactive Learning(Tapscott, 1998)

Linear, sequential/serial Hypermedia Learning

Instruction Construction/discovery

Teacher-centered Learner-centered

Absorbing materials Learning how to learn

School Lifelong

One-size-fits-all Customized

School as torture School as fun

Teacher as transmitter Teacher as facilitator

Interactive Learning

Broadcast learning


Third Generation (1975-1995)

  • Electronic communication

    • email, chat, bulletin boards, computer networks, videoconferencing, audioconferencing

  • Materials highly structured but more ad-hoc directions and support possible

  • Student viewed as active learner, participant, contributor (advent of on-campus practices of collaborative learning)

  • Two-way interaction

    • synchronously and asynchronously


Fourth Generation (1995-2005?)

  • High-bandwidth transmission capabilities for individualized, customized, and live video interactive learning experiences --- desktop videoconferencing, the Internet

  • Highly interactive --- even more than face-to-face

  • A learning community can be created

  • Materials highly structured but interactive technologies provide for ad-hoc support of learners

  • Student is active learner, participant and contributor


What is Your Teaching Philosophy?

  • Lecture versus discussion

  • Consider learner experiences

  • Learner interaction

  • Promote self-direction


Role of Online Instructor

  • Becomes motivator and facilitator

  • Online “coach” and manager

  • Learning environment engineer

    • an “orchestrator of multimedia technologies” (Chute, Sayers, Gardner, 1997)


Role of Online Instructor

  • Facilitating vs. delivering

  • Building “community”

  • Online feedback

  • Setting Active Learning Objectives


Role of Online Learner

  • Generator of knowledge

  • Member of online community

  • Co-creator of learning environment

  • Active participant


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