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Georgia 1960-1970s. Ivan Allen Jr. He served as mayor in Atlanta from 1962-1970. Ordered for all the “White Only” and “Black Only” signs to be taken in City Hall Ended Jim Crowe practices by sitting with a black attorney at the City Hall cafeteria. . Ivan Allen, Jr.

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ivan allen jr
Ivan Allen Jr.
  • He served as mayor in Atlanta from 1962-1970.
  • Ordered for all the “White Only” and “Black Only” signs to be taken in City Hall
  • Ended Jim Crowe practices by sitting with a black attorney at the City Hall cafeteria.
sncc student non violent coordination committee
SNCC(Student Non-Violent Coordination Committee)
  • It began with an $800 grant from the Southern Christian Leadership Conference
  • Began from student meetings and grew into a large organization with many supporters
  • Sit-ins—protest method—people enter a public building and refuse to leave until they are served or their demands are met
slide5
SNCC
  • Leader—John Lewis
  • Major contribution—organized voter registration drives all over the South, especially in Georgia, Alabama, and Mississippi.
sibley commission
Sibley Commission
  • Gov. Ernest Vandiver Jr.—had to decide between closing all public schools or to follow a federal order and desegregate them.
  • Gov. Vandiver chose John Sibley to head a commission to gather state residents’ opinions and thoughts on desegregation and report back to him.
sibley commission1
Sibley Commission
  • By a 3-to-2 margin, Georgians said they would rather close schools than integrate them
  • Commission recommended allowing local school systems decide
  • Many communities opened private schools in response
sibleys board of trustees

SIBLEY HIMSELF

SIBLEYS BOARD OF TRUSTEES

GENERAL ASSEMBLY AT SCHOOLS FOR SIBLEY

admission to hamilton holmes and charlayne hunter to uga
Admission to Hamilton Holmes and Charlayne Hunter to UGA
  • Charlayne Hunter and Hamilton Holmes—first African American students admitted to UGA
  • Riots and protests by the white students that were opposed to the school’s desegregation resulted in temporary suspension for Hunter and Holmes
  • After court orders, they returned to campus to finish their studies
  • Both graduated in 1963
albany movement
Albany Movement
  • Desegregation coalition formed in Albany, Georgia on November 17, 1961
  • Purpose—to integrate bus station waiting rooms
  • SNCC was involved as well as Martin Luther King, Jr. and the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC)
albany movement1
Albany Movement
  • Police arrested the rioters but tried to avoid any dramatic violent incidents to keep from drawing publicity
  • King was arrested for trying to defend them but was released two weeks later
  • Result—a biracial coalition was formed to study African-American concerns in Albany
march on washington
March on Washington
  • August 28, 1963.
  • March was organized by a group of civil rights, labor, and religious organizations.
  • March was to support the passage of the Civil Rights Act
march on washington1
March on Washington
  • Estimated number of participants—250,000
  • They estimated that 75-80% were black and the rest were white and other minorities.
  • Martin Luther King delivered his “I Have a Dream” speech advocating racial harmony at the Lincoln Memorial during the march http://www.teachertube.com/viewVideo.php?video_id=20916
civil rights act of 1964
Civil Rights Act of 1964
  • Gave all Americans the right to be served in facilities which are open to the public
  • John F. Kennedy was President
  • The bill included
    • Banned discrimination in public accommodations
    • Enabled the US attorney general to join in lawsuits against states’ governments which operated segregated school systems
    • Withheld federal funds from schools that did not integrate
election of maynard jackson
Election of Maynard Jackson
  • Elected January,1974
  • Atlanta’s first African American mayor
  • He served 8 years, and then returned for a third term
  • Brought vendors (food and merchandise) and art work to Atlanta Airport
  • Hartsfield-Jackson Airport named after him posthumously
lester maddox
Lester Maddox
  • Governor of Georgia from 1967-1971
  • He owned the Pickrick diner but closed it rather than integrating it
  • Elected to office for his very public stance on segregation
lester maddox1
Lester Maddox
  • After elected, Maddox was actually progressive on many racial matters
    • He backed significant prison reform, an issue popular with many of the state\'s African Americans
    • He appointed more African Americans to government positions than all previous Georgia governors combined, including
      • The first black officer in the Georgia State Patrol
      • The first black official to the state Board of Corrections
andrew young
Andrew Young
  • Mayor of Atlanta
  • Young helped to organize "citizenship schools" for the SCLC—workshops that taught nonviolent strategies to local people
  • Young became a trusted aide to Martin Luther King, Jr.
  • Eventually became the executive director of the SCLC
andrew young1
Andrew Young
  • Organizing voter registration and desegregation campaigns in Albany; Birmingham and Selma, Alabama; and Washington, D.C.
  • Before being mayor, he was the first Black elected by Georgians to the US House of Representatives since Reconstruction (1972)
  • 1977—US ambassador to the United Nations
  • Brought the 1996 Olympics to Atlanta
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