Georgia 1960 1970s
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Georgia 1960-1970s. Ivan Allen Jr. He served as mayor in Atlanta from 1962-1970. Ordered for all the “White Only” and “Black Only” signs to be taken in City Hall Ended Jim Crowe practices by sitting with a black attorney at the City Hall cafeteria. . Ivan Allen, Jr.

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Georgia 1960-1970s

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Georgia 1960-1970s


Ivan Allen Jr.

  • He served as mayor in Atlanta from 1962-1970.

  • Ordered for all the “White Only” and “Black Only” signs to be taken in City Hall

  • Ended Jim Crowe practices by sitting with a black attorney at the City Hall cafeteria.


Ivan Allen, Jr.


SNCC(Student Non-Violent Coordination Committee)

  • It began with an $800 grant from the Southern Christian Leadership Conference

  • Began from student meetings and grew into a large organization with many supporters

  • Sit-ins—protest method—people enter a public building and refuse to leave until they are served or their demands are met


SNCC

  • Leader—John Lewis

  • Major contribution—organized voter registration drives all over the South, especially in Georgia, Alabama, and Mississippi.


Sibley Commission

  • Gov. Ernest Vandiver Jr.—had to decide between closing all public schools or to follow a federal order and desegregate them.

  • Gov. Vandiver chose John Sibley to head a commission to gather state residents’ opinions and thoughts on desegregation and report back to him.


Sibley Commission

  • By a 3-to-2 margin, Georgians said they would rather close schools than integrate them

  • Commission recommended allowing local school systems decide

  • Many communities opened private schools in response


SIBLEY HIMSELF

SIBLEYS BOARD OF TRUSTEES

GENERAL ASSEMBLY AT SCHOOLS FOR SIBLEY


Admission to Hamilton Holmes and Charlayne Hunter to UGA

  • Charlayne Hunter and Hamilton Holmes—first African American students admitted to UGA

  • Riots and protests by the white students that were opposed to the school’s desegregation resulted in temporary suspension for Hunter and Holmes

  • After court orders, they returned to campus to finish their studies

  • Both graduated in 1963


WALKING ON ATHEN SIDEWALKS

HUNTER AND HOLMES AT THEIR GRADUATION

WALKING AROUND CAMPUS


Albany Movement

  • Desegregation coalition formed in Albany, Georgia on November 17, 1961

  • Purpose—to integrate bus station waiting rooms

  • SNCC was involved as well as Martin Luther King, Jr. and the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC)


Albany Movement

  • Police arrested the rioters but tried to avoid any dramatic violent incidents to keep from drawing publicity

  • King was arrested for trying to defend them but was released two weeks later

  • Result—a biracial coalition was formed to study African-American concerns in Albany


Albany Movement


March on Washington

  • August 28, 1963.

  • March was organized by a group of civil rights, labor, and religious organizations.

  • March was to support the passage of the Civil Rights Act


March on Washington

  • Estimated number of participants—250,000

  • They estimated that 75-80% were black and the rest were white and other minorities.

  • Martin Luther King delivered his “I Have a Dream” speech advocating racial harmony at the Lincoln Memorial during the marchhttp://www.teachertube.com/viewVideo.php?video_id=20916


Civil Rights Act of 1964

  • Gave all Americans the right to be served in facilities which are open to the public

  • John F. Kennedy was President

  • The bill included

    • Banned discrimination in public accommodations

    • Enabled the US attorney general to join in lawsuits against states’ governments which operated segregated school systems

    • Withheld federal funds from schools that did not integrate


Election of Maynard Jackson

  • Elected January,1974

  • Atlanta’s first African American mayor

  • He served 8 years, and then returned for a third term

  • Brought vendors (food and merchandise) and art work to Atlanta Airport

  • Hartsfield-Jackson Airport named after him posthumously


Maynard Jackson


Lester Maddox

  • Governor of Georgia from 1967-1971

  • He owned the Pickrick diner but closed it rather than integrating it

  • Elected to office for his very public stance on segregation


Lester Maddox

  • After elected, Maddox was actually progressive on many racial matters

    • He backed significant prison reform, an issue popular with many of the state's African Americans

    • He appointed more African Americans to government positions than all previous Georgia governors combined, including

      • The first black officer in the Georgia State Patrol

      • The first black official to the state Board of Corrections


http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7m3JCPrQ3zs

Lester Maddox


Andrew Young

  • Mayor of Atlanta

  • Young helped to organize "citizenship schools" for the SCLC—workshops that taught nonviolent strategies to local people

  • Young became a trusted aide to Martin Luther King, Jr.

  • Eventually became the executive director of the SCLC


Andrew Young

  • Organizing voter registration and desegregation campaigns in Albany; Birmingham and Selma, Alabama; and Washington, D.C.

  • Before being mayor, he was the first Black elected by Georgians to the US House of Representatives since Reconstruction (1972)

  • 1977—US ambassador to the United Nations

  • Brought the 1996 Olympics to Atlanta


Andrew Young


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