Saturn
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Saturn. By Caroline Cramer. Symbol and Name. Saturn is named for the Roman god of Agriculture. In English Saturn means Saturday. Discovery . Galileo observed Saturn in 1610 In 1659 Christian Huygens figured out the geometry of the rings. Visited by NASA in 1979. Measurements .

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Saturn

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Saturn

Saturn

By Caroline Cramer


Symbol and name

Symbol and Name

  • Saturn is named for the Roman god of Agriculture.

  • In English Saturn means Saturday


Discovery

Discovery

  • Galileo observed Saturn in 1610

  • In 1659 Christian Huygens figured out the geometry of the rings.

  • Visited by NASA in 1979


Measurements

Measurements

  • Distance from the sun (9.54 AU)

  • Distance from earth (8.54 AU)

  • Mass: 5.6832 times 10 26 Kg

  • Volume: 8.2713 times 10 14 Km3

  • Density: 0.687 g/cm3


Orbit and rotation

Orbit and Rotation

  • Orbit the sun: 10,759 days

  • Rotate on it’s axis: 10 hours 13 minutes


Gravity and atmosphere

Gravity and atmosphere

  • Would Saturn float or sink in water?

  • Saturn would float, if there was enough water, because it is made of mostly gas and it is less dense then water.

  • Saturn’s gravity is 91% of earth’s gravity

  • Saturn has a thick atmosphere

  • Made mainly of hydrogen and helium


Composition and appearance

Composition and Appearance

  • Saturn is a gas giant which means that it does not have a solid surface.

  • Internal composition: rocks and ice

  • Appearance: Large, grey/orange,

  • Large circling rings.


Rings

Rings

  • Made of chunks of rock and ice

  • 7 thin rings (169,800 miles wide, 0.62 thin)

  • Grey, blue, and greenish

  • Each ring orbits at a different speed

  • In 1659 Christiaan Huygens discovered the rings


Water

Water

  • There are small chunks of water and ice in the atmosphere.

  • In 2010 and 2011 a storm churned water and ice up from within the thick atmosphere


Moons

moons

  • 53 moons

  • Titan is a well known moon

  • The others are Atlas, Calypso, Dione, Enceladus, Hyperion, Iapetus, Janus, Mimas, Phobe, Tethys


Weather

Weather

  • Cool temperatures (minus 288 degrees Fahrenheit)

  • Every saturn year (equivalent to 30 Earth years) an enormous storm is produced

  • known as the great white spots

  • First observation of these storms was in 1876


What if you traveled to saturn

What if you traveled to Saturn?

  • Saturn can not support life

  • You would not be able to walk because Saturn is made of gas.

  • You would freeze because of the cold temperatures

  • You would suffocate because there is no oxygen


Cool facts

Cool facts

  • If Saturn was the size of a basketball, earth would be a nickel

  • Saturn spins so quickly on its axis that the planet flattens itself out into an oblate spheroid.(it looks flat)

  • Saturn is the least dense planet in the Solar System


Bibliography

Bibliography

  • Nola Taylor Redd. "Saturn's Temperature: One Cool Planet." Space.com. Space.com, 14 Nov. 2012. Web. 25 Dec. 2013.

  • "Mystery of Saturns Great White Spot." Http://www.dailygalaxy.com/my_weblog/2013/06/mystery-of-saturns-great-white-spot-solved.html. N.p., 24 June 12. Web.

  • "Solar System Exploration: Planets: Saturn: Overview." Solar System Exploration: Planets: Saturn: Overview. N.p., n.d. Web. 31 Dec. 2013.

  • "Saturn:Overview." Olar System Exploration: Planets: Saturn: Overview." Solar System Exploration: Planets: Saturn: Overview. N.p., N.d. Web. 31 Dec. 2013.N.p., n.d. Web.

  • "Nine Planets." The Solar System Tour. N.p., n.d. Web. 31 Dec. 2013.


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