Master plan for Establishing Certification Scheme in Peru
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Master plan for Establishing Certification Scheme in Peru (Electrical & Electronics Field). July 20, 2012. Contents. 1. Outline of Cooperation. 2. Results of the research. 3. Certification Scheme Proposal. Outline of Cooperation. Background.

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Master plan for establishing certification scheme in peru electrical electronics field

Master plan for Establishing Certification Scheme in Peru

(Electrical & Electronics Field)

July 20, 2012


Contents

Contents

1

Outline of Cooperation

2

Results of the research

3

Certification Scheme Proposal


Master plan for establishing certification scheme in peru electrical electronics field

Outline of Cooperation


Master plan for establishing certification scheme in peru electrical electronics field

Background

 Korea became member of OECD DAC(Development Assistance Committee) (Jan. 2010)

- Plans to expand ODA up to 0.25% of GNI by 2015 (average of DAC: 0.31%)

Korea ODA Record

2011 Busan High level forum on Aid

 Korea had received development assistance from other countries (Independence, Korean war~1995)

- Total amount approx. 12.7 billion US$ (1945-1990’)

  • Korea-Peru FTA effective

  • - Article 7.8 Technical Cooperation on TBT

1950 Korean War

Korea-Peru FTA


Master plan for establishing certification scheme in peru electrical electronics field

History of Cooperation


Program outline for the master plan

Program Outline for the master plan

AS IS

Status of Peru

  •  Consumer Protection

  •  Foster related

  • Industry

Korean Scheme

International Scheme

  • KC Scheme

  •  Experience

  • International

  • Certification

  • Scheme of

  • advanced countries

Guide

Reference

TO BE

Master Plans for

Certification Scheme

2


Master plan for establishing certification scheme in peru electrical electronics field

Results of the research

1. Current status of Peru

Related to Industry, Products

Related to Certification scheme

Related to Legal system


Master plan for establishing certification scheme in peru electrical electronics field

Electrical/Electronics Industry

<Economically active population per economic sector (Ratio)>

Note: Economically active population in accordance with 2007 national household budget survey

* Data: DNPE (2010). 2010 KSP (KDI) Re-citation

▶ As shown on the table, agriculture, stockbreeding, and forestry occupy 32.1% of the total population. Commerce (16.9%) and government service (11.4%) follow. The other production sector is very weak with 1.2%.


Master plan for establishing certification scheme in peru electrical electronics field

Electrical/Electronics Industry

<Export and Import Amount of Electric/Electronic Products>

<Total Export and Import Amount between Korea and Peru >

  • Data: LAIA-Latin American Intergration Association/ ALADI-Asociacion de Latinoamercia de Intergacion)

▶ Peru’s electric/electronic export amount is around 3-4% compared to import amount

▶ Import share from Korea is about 2.3%


Master plan for establishing certification scheme in peru electrical electronics field

Hazardous cases of products

Case Data collected from Peru Ministry of Energy and Mining (MINEM)


Master plan for establishing certification scheme in peru electrical electronics field

Hazardous cases of products

Data of Product Sales Company After Service

  • Case 1

  • - Region: Carhuaz-Huaraz (February 2010)

  • - Product: 29inchCRT TV

  • Situation: Picture tube exploded and caught on fire while watching TV. The accident happened in front of a user, so the fire didn’t spread elsewhere.

  • Cause: Manufacturer found thunder and lightening were the cause. Since the alpineregion is related to insulation, there may be a relationship between the accident andthe region.

<Case of TV>


Master plan for establishing certification scheme in peru electrical electronics field

Hazardous cases of products

  • Case 2

  • -Region: Chosica-Lima (April 2011)

  • Product: Microwave Oven (MWO)

  • Situation: The product caught on fire while not in use and the control panel in front of

  • the product melted. The fire did not spread anywhere else.

  • Cause: Manufacturerassumes the accident is from liquid entering the equipment, but the exact cause is unknown.

<Case of Microwave Oven>

* Data: BElectronics>


Master plan for establishing certification scheme in peru electrical electronics field

Consumer claims

<National Complaints per Electronic Product (2006~2010)>

* Data: SAC (Complaint Service)-INDECOPI (Patent, Fair Trade, Knowledge Property Right, Consumer Protection Agency)

▶TVs (21.59%), refrigerators (15.59%), washers (7.83%), and audio devices (6.55%) are generally used products for most consumers. Many complaints are from devices that are constantly connected to a power supply.


Master plan for establishing certification scheme in peru electrical electronics field

Consumer claims

<Reason for Complaint per Electronic Product(2006~2010)>

* Data: CPC (Consumer Production Committee)-INDECOPI (Patent, Fair Trade, Knowledge Property Right, Consumer Protection Agency)

▶Breakdown and defect (67.74%), repair (8.78%), and warranty (6.99%) show that complaints due to breakdown or defect form the biggest proportion.


Master plan for establishing certification scheme in peru electrical electronics field

Consumer claims

<Claim per Product and Content>

▶ Products related to reported complaints/claims in the past year and a half show 10 cases related to refrigerators, 8 for TVs, and 5 for washers, which forms a large proportion. Safety-related contents were 73% of the total claims. In specific, 53% was for overheating, 18% was for breakdown of product function, and 13% was for water leakage.


Master plan for establishing certification scheme in peru electrical electronics field

Product usage environment

Grounding Environment

▶Ministry of Energy and Mining assumes the household grounding rate to be around 4-5%.

▶Protection grounding installation has been promoted for the last 14 years, but is still not yet adequate.

▶To solve this problem, an international standard such as IEC must be added to recognize grounding as a type of protection to establish Peru’s unique national Deviation.


Master plan for establishing certification scheme in peru electrical electronics field

Product usage environment

Indoor Wiring

<Peru Household Wiring and Circuit Breaker Box>

▶According to fire related institutions regarding indoor wiring, 60-70% of fire causes are from electricity facility infrastructure. The main reasons for this are from using parts with improper capacity, and using double wiring for homes in building wiring.

▶From observation of houses and a few buildings, wires were not used in according to standard or proper use. Also, connections were improper and inadequate insulation was used. In particular, the panel board must be in accordance with standards, but was instead replaced with lead wires for soldering.


Master plan for establishing certification scheme in peru electrical electronics field

Product usage environment

Power Connection Parts (Plug, Socket-outlet, etc.)

<Various Socket Outlets and Plugs of Peru>

▶Although the form doesn’t match or the connection is improper, people use the products regardless of safety as long as the product operates.

▶Ministry of Energy and Mining enforces legal standards of plug and socket outlets, and unified them into 2 types of 10A and 16A for 220V. But there is no certification system for socket outlets and plugs, and thus it is questionable whether quality parts in accordance with standards will be installed in buildings.


Master plan for establishing certification scheme in peru electrical electronics field

Results of the research

1. Current status of Peru

Related to Products

Related to Products

Related to Certification scheme

Related to Legal system


Master plan for establishing certification scheme in peru electrical electronics field

Peru standardization system and national standards

Current Status of Standardization Technical Committee by Category (As of 2009)

INDECOPI Standardization Technical

Committees by sector (updated 2009)

Chemical

Technology, 7

Environment,

Health

Protection and

Safety, 12

Building

materials, 6

Management

Systems, 9

Agricultural

and Food, 42

Textile and

leather, 5

Others, 29

▶ The agriculture and food category have the most technical standardization committees with 42, environment, health, and safety-related committees total 12, electric and electronic related committees (energy efficiency included) are 3, and an electric/electronic product committee is being prepared.

* Data from; INDECOPI


Master plan for establishing certification scheme in peru electrical electronics field

Peru standardization system and national standards

Current Status of Standardization

<Current Status of Standardization by Year (As of September 2010)>

<Current Status of Standardization by Category (As of 2010)>

* Data from; INDECOPI

* Data from; INDECOPI

▶ As of September 2010, there are total of 4,339 standards (NTP) in Peru, and approximately 200 standards are enacted every year.

▶ The major categories for standards are agriculture and food related with 29%, with fiber (23%) and chemicals (18%) following. The electric and energy category constitutes only 4%, due to a weak industry in the related category and a lack of demand for standards.

▶ There are 2 technology committees related to electric/electronic parts, and there are a total of 53 enacted standards including 30 for wiring and 23 for switch and protection devices.


Master plan for establishing certification scheme in peru electrical electronics field

Conformity assessment system and infrastructure

Current Status of Accredited Conformity Assessment Body


Master plan for establishing certification scheme in peru electrical electronics field

Conformity assessment system and infrastructure

< Accreditation Scope of Certification Bodies>

<Accreditation Scope of Testing Bodies>

Number of Accredited bodies

Number of Accredited bodies

Category

▶ Food and beverage, publication, printing, and metal product categories are assigned to more than 3 out of 11 certification bodies. The electrical/electronics product category is not accredited.

▶ Accredited testing bodies by ISO/IEC 17025 are mostly chemical, microorganism, organic functions test, and physics categories. Again, electrical/electronics category is not accredited.


Master plan for establishing certification scheme in peru electrical electronics field

Conformity assessment system and infrastructure

< Accreditation Scope of

Quality System Certification Bodies >

< Accreditation Scope of Calibration Body >

Number of Accredited Bodies

Category

▶ In the case of Calibration bodies, 7 were accredited for mass, indicating those affairs related to measurements of weight. PERU-SELEC is the only institution accredited for calibration of electricity resistance , voltage, etc.

▶There are 2 institutions accredited for quality system certification, and both were selected for Peru’s major industries food, fiber, metal, transportation, vehicle repair, etc.


Master plan for establishing certification scheme in peru electrical electronics field

Conformity assessment system and infrastructure

Current Status of Peru’s Mandatory Certification System


Master plan for establishing certification scheme in peru electrical electronics field

Results of the research

2. International Certification Scheme


Master plan for establishing certification scheme in peru electrical electronics field

WTO Good regulatory practice

With the popularity of its “Good Regulatory Practice” policy spreading across the advanced world and many developing countries, the following areas of the policy’s universal principles are playing a pivotal role in regulating internal commerce, market opening, and investment stimulation.

Use of

internationally

harmonized standards

and technical regulations

Avoidance of

unnecessary

trade restriction

High quality

technical

regulations

Recognition of other

countries’ technical

regulations

Transparency and

Openness in decision making

Regulatory coordination

and consistency

Non-discrimination

<Elements of Good Regulatory Practice with respect to Technical Regulation>

Good regulatory practice


Master plan for establishing certification scheme in peru electrical electronics field

International certification scheme(IECEE CB Scheme)

▶ An international certification scheme established and operated by IECEE underIEC

▶ Supported by 53 member nations around the world, through mutually accepting test results and meeting the goal of eliminating obstacles in the international trade

▶ Test reports are reviewed among member nations for international credibility; redundant tests from individual countries can be avoided.

▶ Applied to: Batteries, components such as cables or codes, home and information appliances, etc.


Master plan for establishing certification scheme in peru electrical electronics field

Results of the research

3. Overseas Certification Scheme


Master plan for establishing certification scheme in peru electrical electronics field

Certification Schemes in Europe

▶ CEMarking: Designed to break down technological, physical, and financial barriers between EU nations, this Marking was introduced through various different approaches.

▶ The CE conformity assessment procedure is divided into 8 modules, selected according to the pertinent EU guideline.

▶ The most outstanding feature of CE for electrical and electronics items is the “Self Declaration of Conformity (SDoC).”

▶ Appliances subject to Low Voltage Directive (LVD) are designed to use a rated voltage between AC 50~1000V and DC 75~1500V.

▶ Auditing the market through a regularly scheduled or surprise visit is allowed, by sampling and testing the product.

Procedure

<CE Certification Procedure for Electrical and Electronics Products >

  • Ex) Vacuum cleaner(AC 230V, 50Hz)

  • Apply LVD andEMC directives

  • LVD annex I, EMCD annex I

  • Apply Module A

  • Safety: EN60335-1, EN60335-2-2EMC:EN55014-1(-2), EN61000-3-2(3-3)

  • Write technical documents (TF)

  • Declaration of Conformity (DoC)

  • Attach CE-Mark

  • Review governing directives

  • Identify essential requirements

  • Review conformity assessment process

  • Review applying standards and tests

  • Write technical documents (TF)

  • Declaration of Conformity (DoC)

  • Attach CE mark


Master plan for establishing certification scheme in peru electrical electronics field

Certification Schemes in U.S.

▶NRTL Certification: Run by private institutions appointed by the federal government to ensure the safety of workers on the field.

(Currently, 16institutions are participating)

▶Administrated by OSHA (Occupational Safety and Health Administration) under the Occupational Safety and Health Act (29 USC 651and29 CFR 1910.7).

▶ Applied to 700 articles in 37 areas including wires, electric equipment, and extinguishers.

▶ Applying standards such as ANSI, ASTM, FM, and UL

<Applicable Procedures for NRTL Certification >

  • Test and assessment conducted directly by NRTL

  • Use test results fromindependent institutions other than NRTL

  • Use product assessment data fromindependent institutions other than NRTL

  • Use data from tests conducted in the presence of inspectors with NRTL

  • Use test data from contractors of NRTL

  • Use product assessment data from contractors of NRTL (requires review by NRTL prior to market release)

  • If the customer makes minor changes to the product, a corresponding certification is issued and maintained

  • Use product evaluation data from institutions who joined the IECEE CB Scheme (or CB Scheme reports)

  • Use data from sources other than tests or assessments by agencies or subcontractors of NRTL


Master plan for establishing certification scheme in peru electrical electronics field

Certification Schemes in Developing World


Master plan for establishing certification scheme in peru electrical electronics field

Central and South American Nations and Institutions operating Certification Schemes


Master plan for establishing certification scheme in peru electrical electronics field

Results of the research

4. Korean Certification Scheme


Master plan for establishing certification scheme in peru electrical electronics field

History of Certification scheme

Unit: US $

Year

Unit: US$ million

Peru, 35,565

Year


Master plan for establishing certification scheme in peru electrical electronics field

Development of standard

  • 1962-2000 : Zero to 10,000+ KSs

    • Production Based Standards; Mainly from JIS, BS, DIN, ASTM, etc

  • 2000-2010 : 10,000 to 20,000+ KSs

    • Function based Standards; Mainly from ISO, IEC

Imitator

+Innovator

= Imovator

Imitator

Mainly from ISO, IEC

Mainly from JIS, BS, DIN, ASTM, etc


Master plan for establishing certification scheme in peru electrical electronics field

Semiconductor

HCI Product

80%

Wig

Textile

Automobile

Semiconductor, Mobile Phone, DTV, Display, Automobile, Shipbuilding, etc.

50%

Light Industry

Product

14%

Agricultural

Product

6%

1980

1990

1960

1970

2000

Industrialization(Exporting products)

Changing Export Structure:

from Agriculture to Light Industry to HCI

Export proportion


Master plan for establishing certification scheme in peru electrical electronics field

Proposal for Peruvian safety certification system

Certification system

Target Products

Testing and certification body

Follow-up inspection

Law Enactment

Implementation system and detailed plan

Required budget

Expectations


Master plan for establishing certification scheme in peru electrical electronics field

Selecting a certification system

Certification systemproposal (ISO/IEC Guide 67)

*Consider manufacturer’s burden and Authority’s management costs


Master plan for establishing certification scheme in peru electrical electronics field

Proposal for Peruvian safety certification system

Certification system

Target Products

Testing and certification body

Follow-up inspection

Law Enactment

Implementation system and detailed plan

Required budget

Expectations


Master plan for establishing certification scheme in peru electrical electronics field

Considerations when selecting an item

  • <Important application principle>

  • Is it hazardous product? Does product itself possess dangerous nature?

  • Has product exposed to actual dangerous situation and have a hazardous accident?

<High-risk components or products>


Electrical accidents fire in korea

Electrical accidents(Fire) in Korea

Statistics on disasters by electricity

<Analysis of electrical fires over the recent 10 years>

<Electrical firedistribution by cause, 2007>

No. of fires

Year

< Electrical firedistribution by cause – 10 years trend>

< Electrical firedistribution by equipment, 2007>

11,796

12,300

11,204

10,,560

10,807

11,202

10,670

10,450

9,991

9,392

No. of fires

Year


Master plan for establishing certification scheme in peru electrical electronics field

Statistics on disasters by electricity

Electric shock accident in Korea

<Electric shock accident distribution by type, 2007>

< Electric shock accident distribution by electric equipment, 2007>

< Electric shock accident distribution by voltage, 2007>

7

1

279

139

Accident voltage

16

8

19

9

1

161

7

0

3


Electrical accidents in overseas countries

Electrical accidents in overseas countries

Statistics on disasters by electricity

<USA. Distribution by electrical fire by equipment>

<Canada, Fire distribution by ignition equipment, 2002>

Fire. Electric equipment

Reference: 28,300 electrical fires occurred in residential buildings on average every year from 2003 to 2005.

Source: USFA, Residential building electrical fires

<Japan, Fire distribution by electrical instrument, 2006>

<Electric shock death per million people>

Electric shock death per million people


Master plan for establishing certification scheme in peru electrical electronics field

<Summary of the target products by accident statistics and use frequency >


Master plan for establishing certification scheme in peru electrical electronics field

Selecting a target product group

<Application priority of the product group to manage>

(Hazard assessment to select the priority of the item by product group)

Urgency of infrastructure establishment

  • - Legend-

  • Wires and cords

  • Switches

  • Connectors

  • Household equipment

  • AV equipment

  • Lighting equipment

3

1

High

2

4

6

5

Low

Low

High

Degree of hazard


Master plan for establishing certification scheme in peru electrical electronics field

Selecting detailed management targets by electrical and electronics product group


Master plan for establishing certification scheme in peru electrical electronics field

Selecting detailed management targets by electrical and electronics product group


Master plan for establishing certification scheme in peru electrical electronics field

Proposal for Peruvian safety certification system

Certification system

Target Products

Testing and certification body

Follow-up inspection

Law Enactment

Implementation system and detailed plan

Required budget

Expectations


Acceptance of the test report

Acceptance of the test report

Management method of testing, certification body

Recommended

Recommended

Recommended

* CB Test Report can be accepted regardless of IECEEE membership status

by Peru decision


Organizational chart of testing certification body

Organizational chart of Testing, Certification body

Management method of testing, certification body

ILAC

IAF

Overseas institution

(eg. KATS)

Certification body

(Professional institution)

▶Recommend at least 2 testing bodies are required to prevent monopoly and improve the testing quality through fair competition among related bodies.

▶ Certification body can have function of Testing body, recommended.

▶ The qualified body should be designated by the national accreditation institute (INDECOPI-SNA), which was established by the national “Laws regarding Standards and Accreditation”.

▶ The SNA designation system needs to be improved, by subscribing to ILAC and IECEE CB system

MRA

Private testing body

Acceptance of the overseas test reports

National testing body

Managing Authority

(Control and Monitoring,

e.g.. INDECOPI)

(Support development of the facility infrastructure)

* Joint Ventured Professional Institution can be considered


Master plan for establishing certification scheme in peru electrical electronics field

Proposal for Peruvian safety certification system

Objectives and Necessity

Certification system

Target Products

Testing and certification body

Follow-up inspection

Law Enactment

Implementation system and detailed plan

Required budget

Expectations


Classification by inspection item

Classification by inspection item

Follow-up inspection methods

Classification by product life cycle

Cost

<Correlation between risk management and cost of follow-up inspection>

(for import)

Before shipping-out

Before customs clearance

After customs clearance

Disposal

Before distribution

Phase

Place

Customs

Warehouse

Market

Re-use

Factory

<Module composition by management item>

Market monitoring

Risk

Method

Factory inspection

▶ The distribution possibility of the poor or defective product is lower and control is easier when performed at the left side phase . More difficult as the phase moves to the right side.

▶ Cost and regulatory degree used for routine follow-up inspection activities increases when the phase moves to the left.


Master plan for establishing certification scheme in peru electrical electronics field

Follow-up inspection method applicable for Peru

Proposal for Peruvian follow-up inspection

▶ Customs should be the main place for follow-up inspection, and distribution product survey at the market and report by consumers/civil groups should be maintained as an auxiliary means. This Is the method that can produce the best performance with minimal cost, under the present conditions of Peru.


Master plan for establishing certification scheme in peru electrical electronics field

Proposal for Peruvian safety certification system

Objectives and Necessity

Certification system

Target Products

Testing and certification body

Follow-up inspection

Law Enactment

Implementation system and detailed plan

Required budget

Expectations


Master plan for establishing certification scheme in peru electrical electronics field

Law system

▶ Three methods to enact the law governing the safety management of electric goods.


Master plan for establishing certification scheme in peru electrical electronics field

Proposal for Peruvian safety certification system

Objectives and Necessity

Certification system

Target Products

Testing and certification body

Follow-up inspection

Law Enactment

Implementation system and detailed plan

Required budget

Expectations


Master plan for establishing certification scheme in peru electrical electronics field

Implementation system

Certification introduction implementation system

Consumer groups

Academic circles

National assembly

Public hearing

Public

Hearing

Opinion

Legislation

Opinion

Budget

Opinion

Personnel and policy study

Legislation proposal

Regulation notice

Regulation notice

Government

(Peru)

Testing/ certification body

Industries

Testing assessment

Public hearing

Designate

Opinion

Experience

Cooperation

CAN

(RAN)

WTO

Korea


Master plan for establishing certification scheme in peru electrical electronics field

Roles by Parties


Master plan for establishing certification scheme in peru electrical electronics field

Detailed implementation plan

<Detailed plan for certification system introduction, 5 years>


Master plan for establishing certification scheme in peru electrical electronics field

Proposal for Peruvian safety certification system

Objectives and Necessity

Certification system

Target Products

Testing and certification body

Follow-up inspection

Law Enactment

Implementation system and detailed plan

Required budget

Expectations


Master plan for establishing certification scheme in peru electrical electronics field

Overall budget

(Unit: $1,000 USD)


Master plan for establishing certification scheme in peru electrical electronics field

Proposal for Peruvian safety certification system

Objectives and Necessity

Certification system

Target Products

Testing and certification body

Follow-up inspection

Law Enactment

Implementation system and detailed plan

Required budget

Expectations


Master plan for establishing certification scheme in peru electrical electronics field

Expectations


Master plan for establishing certification scheme in peru electrical electronics field

Thank You!

KATS

Korean Agencyfor Technology and Standards


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