Fold your paper vertically to create 4 columns. Then, fold your paper horizontally 4 times (should look like above chart only with larger squares). 4 x 4 = 16 squares Scatter the following components in your squares. -8 parts of speech (list all 8 in one square)
1.) A gerund functions nominally as the subject of the sentence.
-Giggling over gerunds makes grammar fun!
-Drinking hot cocoa on a cold day is delightful.
-Since Joe was five years old, swimming has been his passion.
Quick Test: Replace the gerund phrase with “it.”
-It makes grammar fun!
-It is delightful.
-It has been his passion.
2.) A gerund can also function nominally in the sentence as the direct object.
-I love drinking hot cocoa on a cold day.
-Joe hates swimming at five in the morning.
Test: Locate the verb in the sentence and ask what?
-I cheer myself up on a cold day by drinking hot cocoa.
-Joe reconciles his hatred by missing most five am practices.
Tip: find the prepositions, then find the gerund phrase
-My favorite winter activity, drinking hot cocoa, warms my soul.
-Joe’s passion, swimming at five pm, will never die.