Manual Biofeedback. Dr. Philip Maffetone ICAK-USA June 2010. Manual Biofeedback. Addresses the full spectrum of neuromuscular function: brain, spinal cord and muscle. Combines EMG- and EEG-type biofeedback. Both a basic and advanced procedure.
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Dr. Philip Maffetone
ICAK-USA June 2010
0 – No contraction
1 – Trace of muscle movement, but no limb or joint
2 – Minimal movement but not against gravity.
3 – Movement against gravity but not against resistance
by the examiner.
4 – Movement against minimal resistance by the examiner.
5 – Movement against resistance (“normal”).
...is a powerful therapy in itself: from improved posture and gait to better brain function, including speech, vision, balance, memory and even intellect.
A model to explain the muscle-organ relationship?
1. EMG-type MB
– Skeletal muscles.
Stimulate the patient’s brain about the muscle’s movement (most actions begin in the brain).
Different levels of consciousness associated with specific waves. Four commonly measured waves:
3. theta waves(4 – 8 Hz) Awake but dreamy state (common just before the onset of sleep). Most prevalent in youth but occurs during deep creativity and meditation in adults.
4. delta waves(0.5 – 4 Hz) Most stages of sleep. Abnormal while awake (reduced glucose, oxygen or other nutrients, medication side-effects, poorly functioning neurons).
20-lead quantitative EEG (QEEG)
-- Continue respiratory biofeedback for
about five minutes.
-- Avoid falling asleep (delta waves).
-- Respiratory biofeedback corrects