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Vivien Foster & Cecilia Brice ñ o-Garmendia, World Bank. Africa Infrastructure Country Diagnostic: a multi-stakeholder effort. Key Message #1. ICT developments have been a major boost to African growth in last decade.

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Presentation Transcript
key message 1

Key Message #1

ICT developments have been a major boost to African growth in last decade

the mobile sector has also proved to be a major fiscal cash cow1
The mobile sector has also proved to be a major fiscal cash cow

Fiscal revenues generated by ICT industry (via license fees and taxes) amount to 4% of GDP on average

key message 2

Key Message #2

The ICT revolution is Africa’s big infrastructure success story

key message 3

Key Message #3

The market alone can get Africa almost all the way to universal access

market could viably reach 92 population but in many countries falls short of potential
Market could viably reach 92% population, but in many countries falls short of potential

The total investment cost of closing

the coverage gap for Sub-Saharan

Africa would be only US$3 billion

key message 4

Key Message #4

But the reform is not yet complete and prices for mobile services remain high

key message 5

Key Message #5

The fixed line segment is stagnant and relatively inefficient

key message 6

Key Message #6

In many countries, the government still owns the fixed operator

only one country has fully privatized the incumbent h alf remain fully government owned
Only one country has fully privatized the incumbent,half remain fully government-owned

Public ownership of operators is a drain on public finances and creates conflict of interest within government

key message 7

Key Message #7

Broadband is the next big challenge for ICT in Africa

broadband price gap is even greater keeping broadband penetrations rates particularly low
Broadband price gap is even greater keeping broadband penetrations rates particularly low
key message 8

Key Message #8

Reforms are needed to allow broadband companies to compete

limited capacity public broadband access could be provided by market
Limited capacity public broadband access could be provided by market

Total investment cost of closing

coverage gap for public internet access in Sub-Saharan

Africa would be only US$2 bn

limited capacity public broadband access could be provided by market1
Limited capacity public broadband access could be provided by market

But mass-market broadband won’t be commercially viable without access to spectrum, access to infrastructure for building fiber networks and low-cost access to submarine cables

key message 9

Key Message #9

Competitive access to submarine cables can slash cost of international communications

telephone calls to us very expensive and intra african calls even more so
Telephone calls to US very expensive, (and intra-African calls even more so)
privately financed s ubmarine cable networks are growing quickly
Privately financed submarine cable networks are growing quickly

Planned

July 2009

Operational

July 2009

slide35

Privately financed submarine cable networks are growing quickly

Operational

July 2009

Planned

July 2009

Need to have competing cables and multiple landing stations to avoid monopoly control over access to the cables

key message 10

Key Message #10

More terrestrial fiber-optic cable infrastructure will also be needed

evolution to fiber networks is essential for mass market low cost broadband

300.0

249.1

250.0

200.0

Backbone bandwidth per user (kbps)

151.2

150.0

98.1

100.0

50.0

24.9

0.4

0.2

0.2

0.0

PSTN + WLL

Mobile

Narrowband

Broadband

PSTN + WLL

Narrowband

Broadband

Access

Access

Access

Access

Residential/

Large/Medium

Small business

business

Evolution to fiber networks is essential for mass-market, low-cost broadband
fiber networks do exist but their impact on the market has historically been limited
Fiber networks do exist but their impact on the market has historically been limited

Many of them are owned by public entities – often too expensive and poor quality

countries which have fully liberalized have seen a rapid growth in fiber networks1
Countries which have fully liberalized have seen a rapid growth in fiber networks

Competition will drive investment into fiber on inter-city routes but not small towns and rural areas

can combine competition on profitable routes with government support for non viable routes
Cancombine competition on profitable routes with government support for non-viable routes

Multiple competing networks on corridor routes but government network is the only fiber up-country

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