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第一节 形训 一、定义 PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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第一节 形训 一、定义 《 辞海 》 :用分析文字形体的方法解释字义,如 “ 小土为尘 ” , “ 日月为明 ” 。称为 “ 以形索义 ” ,往往是通过汉字形体结构的分析去索求词义,从而探明词义的方法。. 二、小篆的分析 小篆为秦统一以前不久在秦国发展起来的一种字体,秦统一全国后,被定为规范字体,即使隶书广泛流行,官方正式文书仍然采用小篆。 《 说文 》 即为保留小篆,解释小篆而作。将六书理论系统化,前四书与形训关系紧密。 《 说文 》 全面而系统地运用 “ 形训 ” 方法,是汉字形义统一论的全面论证。. 《 说文 》 象形字 365 个

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第一节 形训 一、定义

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