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Unit 15: Planning and Management of Major Incidents Major Incident Response and Planning - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Unit 15: Planning and Management of Major Incidents Major Incident Response and Planning . Learning Outcomes Who responds to Major Incident ? Civil Contingencies Act 2004 Planning for Emergencies and Major Incidents. What does Terrorism look like in reality?

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Unit 15:

Planning and Management of Major Incidents

Major IncidentResponse and Planning

Learning Outcomes

Who responds to Major Incident ?

Civil Contingencies Act 2004

Planning for Emergencies and Major Incidents

What does Terrorism look like in reality?



Terrorism Scenario 7/7 Bombings

Intelligence Briefing

Background: This attack took place on the 7th July 2005 in London.

Perpetrators: Three British Men of Muslim Faith. Home Grown Extremists. The fourth was Jamaican born.

Not directly connected to Al-Qaida. The Bombs detonated at 8:50 am.

Target: Three Underground Bombings: Aldgate, Edgware Road and Russell Square.

Tavistock Square: Bus targeted. This attack occurred 1 hour after the first explosion on the train leaving Liverpool Street. Detonated 57 mins later.

Mode of Detonation: Suicide Bombers carrying home-made nitrate based explosives.

The bombs killed 56 people including the bombers.

Roles and Responsibilities of the Police, Fire Service and Paramedics

In a terrorist attack, all three agencies are tasked to work together to deal with the event. This is called INTER-AGENCY COOPERATION.

The agencies involved in major incidents include:

Local Authorities

Blue Light Services


Red Cross

Utilities (Gas, Water, Electricity and Telecommunication Companies.)

All of these attend Emergency Planning Resilience Forums.

Core Responsibilities Paramedics

Regardless of the organisations involved during a Major Incident, there are several core responsibilities that these organisation must carry out.

Saving Life and Reducing Injury

Sharing Information and Inter-Agency Cooperation.

Reducing Panic.

Gather and protect evidence of the crime.

Try to bring normality to the situation.

Individual Response Paramedics

Police: Clear civilians from the area.

Establish inner and outer cordons.

Ensure that protect Fire services and Ambulance crews.

Control Onlookers.

Gather Evidence of the Attack.

Fire Service: Rescue people from fires and debris. For Terrorism the fire service also are responsible for Decontamination centres in the case of CBRN Attacks.

Ambulance Service: Triage of casualties, establish causality clearing stations and liaise with the other two services.

Civil Contingencies Act 2004 Paramedics

This act is vital in Major Incident planning. It ensures that all agencies have to work together to carry out the core responsibilities shown on the previous slide.

However it also categorises what the specific roles of the different organisations involved in an attack.

Cat 1: Blue Light Services, responsible for planning and response.

Cat 2: Not directly involved in planning and response but necessary for the response and normality building.

Chains of Command Paramedics

Chains of command often respond to the serious of the attack. All terrorist attacks will alert all chains of command.

Operational Command: Bronze

These are the units on the ground who are in command of the site of the explosion. This will include representatives of the Blue Light services and LA. They would operate in the Inner Cordon.

Tactical Command: Silver

These are also representatives of the different services and organise how they can help the Bronze Command. They are often based in the outer cordon or safe zone.

Strategic Command: Gold

Only introduced if the situation is to big to handle. This comprises of senior officers and Politicians and makes the decisions at the higher level. Supports the Silver and is based away from the attack site itself.

How would the emergency services respond to a terrorist attack?

Bomb Explodes

Blue Light Services React and Respond-COBRA

Seal off the area and creation of inner and outer zones: FCP

Bomb Disposal/ Set up FCP in the Inner and Outer Cordon/ causality clearing stations

Once Area is secure: Triage by Paramedics and the Fire service deploy to put out fires and deal with damage.

Safe secure area: Police move in a build up an intelligence picture and begin evidence collection.

Debrief and Lessons Learned

-RV Area : Blue Light Services attack?

Outer Zone

-Casualty Clearing Stations

Safe Route Cleared

-Marshalling Area


-Press Info Area

Inner Zone





Your Time to Shine! attack?

Responding to a Major Incident