Unit 15: Planning and Management of Major Incidents Major Incident Response and Planning . Learning Outcomes Who responds to Major Incident ? Civil Contingencies Act 2004 Planning for Emergencies and Major Incidents. What does Terrorism look like in reality?
Planning and Management of Major Incidents
Major IncidentResponse and Planning
Who responds to Major Incident ?
Civil Contingencies Act 2004
Planning for Emergencies and Major Incidents
Background: This attack took place on the 7th July 2005 in London.
Perpetrators: Three British Men of Muslim Faith. Home Grown Extremists. The fourth was Jamaican born.
Not directly connected to Al-Qaida. The Bombs detonated at 8:50 am.
Target: Three Underground Bombings: Aldgate, Edgware Road and Russell Square.
Tavistock Square: Bus targeted. This attack occurred 1 hour after the first explosion on the train leaving Liverpool Street. Detonated 57 mins later.
Mode of Detonation: Suicide Bombers carrying home-made nitrate based explosives.
The bombs killed 56 people including the bombers.
In a terrorist attack, all three agencies are tasked to work together to deal with the event. This is called INTER-AGENCY COOPERATION.
The agencies involved in major incidents include:
Blue Light Services
Utilities (Gas, Water, Electricity and Telecommunication Companies.)
All of these attend Emergency Planning Resilience Forums.
Core Responsibilities Paramedics
Regardless of the organisations involved during a Major Incident, there are several core responsibilities that these organisation must carry out.
Saving Life and Reducing Injury
Sharing Information and Inter-Agency Cooperation.
Gather and protect evidence of the crime.
Try to bring normality to the situation.
Individual Response Paramedics
Police: Clear civilians from the area.
Establish inner and outer cordons.
Ensure that protect Fire services and Ambulance crews.
Gather Evidence of the Attack.
Fire Service: Rescue people from fires and debris. For Terrorism the fire service also are responsible for Decontamination centres in the case of CBRN Attacks.
Ambulance Service: Triage of casualties, establish causality clearing stations and liaise with the other two services.
Civil Contingencies Act 2004 Paramedics
This act is vital in Major Incident planning. It ensures that all agencies have to work together to carry out the core responsibilities shown on the previous slide.
However it also categorises what the specific roles of the different organisations involved in an attack.
Cat 1: Blue Light Services, responsible for planning and response.
Cat 2: Not directly involved in planning and response but necessary for the response and normality building.
Chains of Command Paramedics
Chains of command often respond to the serious of the attack. All terrorist attacks will alert all chains of command.
Operational Command: Bronze
These are the units on the ground who are in command of the site of the explosion. This will include representatives of the Blue Light services and LA. They would operate in the Inner Cordon.
Tactical Command: Silver
These are also representatives of the different services and organise how they can help the Bronze Command. They are often based in the outer cordon or safe zone.
Strategic Command: Gold
Only introduced if the situation is to big to handle. This comprises of senior officers and Politicians and makes the decisions at the higher level. Supports the Silver and is based away from the attack site itself.
Blue Light Services React and Respond-COBRA
Seal off the area and creation of inner and outer zones: FCP
Bomb Disposal/ Set up FCP in the Inner and Outer Cordon/ causality clearing stations
Once Area is secure: Triage by Paramedics and the Fire service deploy to put out fires and deal with damage.
Safe secure area: Police move in a build up an intelligence picture and begin evidence collection.
Debrief and Lessons Learned
-RV Area : Blue Light Services attack?
-Casualty Clearing Stations
Safe Route Cleared
-Press Info Area
Your Time to Shine! attack?
Responding to a Major Incident