Understanding Conflict and Conflict Management. Pitambar Bhandari Assistant Professor Department of Conflict, Peace and Development Studies, T.U. SEP 23, 2011. Is Conflict necessary or not !. Definition of conflict. The term "Conflict" is defined as
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Department of Conflict, Peace and Development Studies, T.U.
SEP 23, 2011
On the basis of the nature and form of conflict, it has been divided into five categories:
Members pursue self-interest over the welfare of family.
The approach of the Conflict Management school is to end wars through different diplomatic initiatives. This is the oldest school of thought, closely linked to the institutionalization of peacebuilding in international law.
The peacebuilders within the logic of this school are external diplomats from bilateral or multilateral organizations.
Its theoretical approach is referred to as outcome-oriented approach, which aims to identify and bring to the negotiating table leaders of the conflict parties. Its main focus is on the short-term management of the armed conflict.
Conflict Management is a process of making progress – developing mutual gains of both parties, achieving agreements, lying foundations for further negotiations or managing the conflict as much as possible to reduce violence.
In legal sense – CM is application of existing laws & regulations to ensure the rights & provides remedies that reconcile past prejudices.
In the political discourse management of conflict is sharing of power and privileges.
Two schools of thoughts prevails within CM Discourse
Conflict as ‘Pathological & Dysfunctional’ – needs to be suppressed or end it.
Conflict as functional means for ‘Social Change’ – constructive social process.
Power mediation is a special form of conflict management, with the same criteria as the outcome-oriented approach but including the possibility of applying external power, including financial carrots and/or military sticks, on the parties.