International data sharing via standards
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International data sharing via standards. Felix Ritchie. The problem. Lots of interest in cross-country microdata Chicken-and-egg problem Technical solutions not developed until legal arguments resolved Legal arguments not considered without the technology in place

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Presentation Transcript

The problem
The problem

  • Lots of interest in cross-country microdata

  • Chicken-and-egg problem

    • Technical solutions not developed until legal arguments resolved

    • Legal arguments not considered without the technology in place

  • Limited enthusiasm in NSIs for experiments

    • Low benefits, high risks/barriers?

  • Can we tackle (a) and/or (b)?


Solving a tech before law
Solving (a) tech before law

  • In practice there are existing examples:

    • Cross-border data:

      • IPUMS

      • Mesodata models (OECD, Eurostat)

    • Cross-border access

      • IAB’s RDC-in-RDC

      • Italian access to CBS data

    • etc…

  • So precedents are there - is this a question of publicity?


Solving b can the conceptual landscape be changed
Solving (b): can the conceptual landscape be changed?

  • No universal view on appropriate tech…

    • but discussions about access often focus on technical solutions

    • Hard to have a discussion of ‘what’ and ‘why’ without ‘how’

  • Proposal: decouple principle from practice

    • Decision-making on principle

    • Moving from ‘system’ to ‘network’


Basics of decoupling
Basics of decoupling

  • Security is the basis for any legal agreement

    • we know what we want to achieve

  • Specify aims in terms of abstract principles

    • Detailed, but not implementation specific

  • Agree to standards

    • multiple levels, multiple dimensions

    • Implementation irrelevant

  • Standards become basis for discussion


Standards example risk factors
Standards: example risk factors

  • Safe projects

  • Safe people

    • knowledge

    • incentives

  • Safe data

  • Safe settings

    • access point

    • physical environment

  • Safe outputs

  • Mark on a scale of low=> high protection


  • Standards example assessment
    Standards: example assessment

    • Safe people - incentives

    • Administrative processes only

    • Check researcher background

    • Written assent to conditions of access

    • Passive training

    • Active training

    • Safe data

    • No data protection

    • Removal of direct idenfiers

    • Identification within RDC unlikely

    • Identification outside RDC unlikely

    • Public use microdata

    • Safe outputs

    • No checks

    • Random checks

    • Random plus targeted partial checking

    • Full checking except for ‘experienced’

    • Full checking

    • 0

    • 1

    • 2

    • 3

    • 4


    Standards assessments applied
    Standards: assessments applied

    • Safe…

    • projects

    • people – knowledge

    • people – incentives

    • data

    • settings – access

    • settings – env.

    • outputs


    Standards assessments applied1
    Standards: assessments applied

    • Safe…

    • projects

    • people – knowledge

    • people – incentives

    • data

    • settings – access

    • settings – env.

    • outputs


    Why focus on standards
    Why focus on standards?

    • Agreement easier

      • No commitment required

      • No prescription on what has to be done

      • No ‘favoured’ technology

    • Focuses on what aims of security are

    • Easier to align with corporate goals


    Why stop at security
    Why stop at security?

    • Legal/policy standard:

      • “we will make our data available internationally as long as the legal basis exists and a secure solution exists”


    Summary the long term vision
    Summary: the long term vision

    • A common framework for defining standards

      • Covering all forms of release incl. licensing/public use?

    • A network of secure solutions auditing to those standards

      • Decentralised, independent, innovative

    • Decision-making based on principles

      • “We view a facility of security level X or above will meet our security requirements”


    Questions
    Questions

    • Can we do this?

    • How do we do this?

    • Will it work?

    • Does it have to work as described?

      • Is this a useful way forward anyway?


    And…

    • Q. What’s E.T. short for?

    • A. Because he’s only got little legs



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