Before reading main
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 95

Before Reading_Main PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 104 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Before Reading_Main. Before Reading. Global Reading. Detailed Reading. After Reading. 1. Listening Comprehension. 2. Warm-up Questions. 3. Background Information. The Christmas Season. Old People in the West. Free Samples. 4. Topic-related Prediction. 5. Discussion. Before Reading_1.1.

Download Presentation

Before Reading_Main

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Before reading main

Before Reading_Main

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

1.Listening Comprehension

2. Warm-up Questions

3. Background Information

The Christmas Season

Old People in the West

Free Samples

4. Topic-related Prediction

5. Discussion


Before reading 1 1

Before Reading_1.1

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

Listening Comprehension

Directions: Listen to the passage and decide whether the following sentences are true or false.

frumenty: 牛奶麦粥raisin:葡萄干currant:(无核)葡萄干

prune:洋李干puritan:清教徒disciple:门徒


Before reading 1 2

Before Reading_1.2

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

Christmas pudding originated as a 14th century "porridge" called frumenty that was made by boiling beef and mutton with raisins, currants, prunes, wines and spices. This would often be more like soup and was eaten as a fasting dish in preparation for the Christmas activities. By 1595 frumenty was evolving into plum pudding, having been thickened with eggs, breadcrumbs, dried fruit and given more flavor thanks to the addition of ale and spirits. In 1664 the pudding was banned by the Puritans describing it as a lewd custom and its rich ingredients as unfit for God-fearing people. In 1714 George I re-established it as part of the Christmas feast. By Victorian times Christmas puddings had evolved into something which looked similar to the ones enjoyed today. Over the years many customs have surrounded this popular festive dessert. It is said puddings should be made by the 25th Sunday after Trinity, prepared with 13 ingredients to represent Christ and His Disciples and that every member of the family take turns to stir the pudding with a wooden spoon from east to west in honor of the Three Kings.


Before reading 1 21

Before Reading_1.2

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

1. Christmas pudding originated in the 13th century.

( )

F

Christmas pudding originated in the 14th century.

( )

F

2. Puritans forbade people to have Christmas pudding in 1684.

Puritans forbade people to have Christmas pudding in 1664.

( )

F

3. In 1714 George II re-established it as part of Christmas feast.

In 1714 George I re-established it as part of Christmas feast.

4. Christmas pudding should contain 13 ingredients to represent Christ and His Disciples.

( )

T

( )

F

5. Christmas pudding was once banned because it was not delicious.

Christmas pudding was once banned because Puritans thought it not a good custom to have pudding on Christmas and its rich ingredients were unfit for God-fearing people.

6. According to the custom, everyone in the family should take turns to stir the pudding from west to east.

( )

F

According to the custom, everyone in the family should take turns to stir the pudding from east to west.


Before reading 1 22

Before Reading_1.2

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

Warm-up Questions

1. Who may feel unhappy on Christmas?

Those without a family or those with serious family problems: poverty-stricken or chronically-unemployed family.

2.Why Christmas can be a terrible moment for these people?

3. Have you got the experience of spending an important festival on your own? If yes,

how did it happen and how did you spend it?


The christmas season

The Christmas Season

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

The Christmas Season — Commercialization

In the Shop

Historically: from Dec.24 till after New Year’s Day

Time: In England, from Dec.24 till Epiphany (主显节) (January 6)

Main activity: a time for the family to get together, to talk, to sing, to exchange presents

In modern time: a time of greater commercial activity

Time: Early in November, shops decorate their departments for Christmas.

Christmas has become a month of Christmas advertising.

Main activity: do Christmas shopping


Before reading 1 23

Before Reading_1.2

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

For Christians, Christmas season lasts from Christmas Eve till after New Year’s Day or, especially in England, till Epiphany (主显节) (January 6). Most Westerners will decorate their homes, schools and offices for the holidays. And they will send Christmas cards to their friends and send them gifts as well.

Commercially, the period is much longer. Stores usually begin to decorate their departments for Christmas in November. Special attention is paid to the shop windows designed to attract Christmas shoppers. Christmas has lost most of its religious significance. It has changed from a quiet day to be with family to a whole month of Christmas-gift buying season. And it has become a month of Christmas advertising. And all of this makes some people want to avoid Christmas altogether.


Before reading 1 3

Before Reading_1.3

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

God Rest You Merry Gentlemen

O tidings of comfort and joy,

Comfort and joy,

O tidings of comfort and joy!

God rest you merry, gentlemen,

Let nothing you dismay,

Remember Christ our Saviour

Was born on Christmas Day;

To save us all from Satan's power

When we were gone astray.

O tidings of comfort and joy,

Comfort and joy,

O tidings of comfort and joy!

From God our heavenly Father

A blessed angel came;

And unto certain shepherds

Brought tidings of the same;

How that in Bethlehem was born

The Son of God by name.

O tidings of comfort and joy,

Comfort and joy,

O tidings of comfort and joy!

"Fear not, then," said the angel,

"Let nothing you affright;

This day is born a Saviour

Of a virgin pure and bright,

To free all those who trust in him

From Satan's power and might."

O tidings of comfort and joy,

Comfort and joy,


Before reading 1 31

Before Reading_1.3

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

O tidings of comfort and joy!

Now to the Lord sing praises,

All you within this place,

And make sure love and brotherhood

Each other now embrace;

This holy tide of Christmas

All others doth efface.

O tidings of comfort and joy,

Comfort and joy,

O tidings of comfort and joy!

O tidings of comfort and joy!


Before reading 1 24

Before Reading_1.2

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

At Home – Christmas Dinner

Food: turkey or goose / mashed white potatoes and maybe yellow

sweet potatoes / minced pork and herbs cooked inside the

turkey / pudding

Dinner time: one or two o’clock rather than right at noon

a family dinner (maybe nearby relatives will be invited to

come over in the evening to see the children’s presents)


Before reading 2

Before Reading_2

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

In America, Christmas dinner is very much like a Thanksgiving Dinner. For meat, turkey is the most popular, but some families may have ham or something else. And of course, the father is the one to carve the turkey (to cut it into slices) or goose when it gets to the table. Then there’ll be potatoes, maybe mashed white potatoes and maybe yellow sweet potatoes, or both. Along with the turkey, there has to be a bread dressing made from small pieces of bread, minced pork and herbs cooked inside the turkey. And that’s why many people call it “bread stuffing” because it was stuffed (pushed hard) inside the turkey before it was baked. Then the juices from the turkey will be made into gravy to be poured over the potatoes, the dressing, and the meat.

Pudding is a kind of dessert in western food; like a heavy cake. It is served after the main food of a dinner. Puddings are usually boiled or steamed. Christmas pudding is a special pudding made with dried fruit, which is served at dinner on Christmas day.


Before reading 3 1

Before Reading_3.1

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

Christmas dinner usually starts around one or two o’clock rather than right at noon, and no one is in a hurry to finish. Friends almost never drop in to visit on Christmas Day, since it’s a family holiday and no one really wants to be interrupted by someone coming to wish them a Merry Christmas. But maybe nearby relatives will be invited to come over in the evening to see the children’s presents and to snack on left-over Christmas Dinner.


Before reading 3 11

Before Reading_3.11

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

Old People in the West

Most people retire from work between the ages of 60 — 65. This has two main consequences, one economic and the other psychological.

Economically: Although retired people receive a pension from the government or from their past employers, it is often significantly less than they earned when they were working. Unless people have managed to save money during their years at work, their standard of living may decline dramatically when they retire.


Before reading 3 111

Before Reading_3.11

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

Psychologically: Old people in Western countries are generally considered useless, a burden on their families and on the public purse. They are hardly held in respect. On the other hand, most of them used to focusing on work, simply do not know how to relax or pursue other interest now that they have time to do so. They feel they “should” be working and contributing, because work was where they were respected and their skills recognized. As retired people, their self-confidence is diminished. The longer they are away from the work place, the keener grows a sense of being superfluous.


Before reading 3 12

Before Reading_3.12

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

Free Samples

Stores use free samples as a “come-on” in competing for customers. If a store provides free samples of products, it’s likely that more people will shop there.

Samples, usually of new foods and drinks, are given with the understanding that if you like them, you will buy them. It is not socially acceptable to continue to sample the same product time and time again without making a purchase.


Before reading 3 13

Before Reading_3.13

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

Topic-related Prediction

The text is entitled The Sampler. Before you read the story, think about the answers to the following questions.

1.When, where and what kinds of products can people go to sample?

2.What kinds of people might take advantage of sampling?

3.Why would they do that?


Before reading 3 14

Before Reading_3.14

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

Discussion

Sometimes, good intention alone cannot make the others willing to accept your help. Instead, it may make you and the others feel embarrassed. Have you got this experience before? Please share it with your classmates.


Globe reading main

Globe Reading_main

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

1. Part Division of the Text

2. Scanning

3. Supply the Missing Information

4. Multiple Choice

5. Character Analysis


Globe reading 1

Globe Reading.1

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

Part Division of the Text

Part

Lines

Main Idea

1

1 — 14

The introduction of background of the story and the theme — Some people took advantage of free sampling.

2

15—29

An example: the description of how the old man sampled the pudding.

Climax: I wanted to help the old man but that hurt his dignity and I was embarrassed too.

3

30 — 57


Globe reading 1 2

Globe Reading.1.2

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

Scanning

Directions: Scan for the exact meanings of pronouns.

“Now there’s one old gentleman, for instance,” she told me, “he comes here almost every week and samples each one of the puddings, though never buys anything, and I suspect he never will. I remember him from the last year and the year before that too. Well, let him come if he wants it, and welcome to . And what’s more, I hope there are a lot more stores where he can go and get share. He looks as if he needed all right, and I suppose can afford .”

he

it

his

it

it

they

he: the old man

it: his coming and sampling the puddings / his sampling

his: the old man’s share of the privilege

it: to sample the puddings

they: In the West, the pronoun “they” and “them” are often used to refer to a group of people opposed to “we” and “us”. For the common people, the word “they” often refers to bosses or the government with a slight overtone of hostility.

it: his sampling without buying the puddings


Globe reading 2 part1 1

Globe Reading.2-part1.1

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

Supply the Missing Information

Directions: Read the text carefully and supply the missing information to complete the

following sentences.

1. The author offered to buy some puddings because

he thought that the old man was poor and couldn’t afford the delicious puddings

________________________________________________________________.

shocked

_______

2.The old was so that

he jumped back as if he had been stung

____________________________________.

3.The result of the author’s offer was that

the old man refused with dignity

___________________________.

4.The old man bought himself one of the largest and most expensive of the

puddings because

he felt hurt / humiliated

___________________.

5.The old man paid for the pudding by

___________________.

counting out all his coins

very guilty, sorry and uneasy

6.The author felt when he realized that because of his

offer, the old man was forced into a purchase he couldn’t afford.

_______________________

7.From the old man’s “worn little black pocketbook” and the “shillings and pennies”

in it, we can infer that

___________________.

he was really very poor


Globe reading 2 part1 2

KEY

KEY

Globe Reading.2-part1.2

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

Multiple Choice

1.The narrator often wonders ______.

A) why there are so many people during the Christmas season

B) why most people look prosperous

C) whether people will sample puddings when they have no intention to buy any

D) whether people can sample puddings before they make purchase

2. The shop girl is very ____ to the old man when he turns up in the store.

A) friendly

B) cold

C) indifferent

D) cruel


Globe reading 2 part3

KEY

KEY

Globe Reading.2-part3

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

3. The old man feels ______ when the narrator offers to buy him some puddings.

A) shocked

B) happy

C) puzzled

D) bothered

4.The old man has ______ in his worn little black pocketbook.

A) some dollars

B) coins

C) a check

D) nothing


Globe reading 2 part2

KEY

Globe Reading.2-part2

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

5.The story may take place in ______.

A) the United States

B) Germany

C) France

D) Britain


Before reading main

Globe Reading.2-part3

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

Character Analysis

Although no details have been supplied in the story concerning the narrator, the shop girl and the elderly gentleman, we can get to know something about their personalities if we take a close look at how they acted, talked and felt as individuals.

Now you are required to find the evidence in the text according to the adjectives given.


Before reading main

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

elderly; wrinkled face; poorly dressed; could

not afford a pudding; having only coins in

his worn little black pocketbook

old and poor

the “little black figure”

short and thin

“He jumped back as if he had been stung,

and the blood rushed into his wrinkled face.”

denying knowing the narrator “in a loud

voice”and with “dignity”

sensitive and dignified

“forced” to buy one of the largest and

most expensive of the puddings; keeping

trying to put the coins into the shop

girl’s hand; never coming back again

proud and wanting to save face

his choice of words (e.g. I don’t think I have

the pleasure of knowing you.)

well-educated


Before reading main

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

“Well, let him come if he wants it, and welcome to it.”

She offered a spoon to the old man to sample the pudding.

kind-hearted &

sympathetic

polite

When she speaks of the old man, she uses the

word “gentleman”.

Sympathetic

in a burst of benevolence

strategic & considerate

“Will you do me a favor?”


Article

Article

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

The author finds out that good intentions alone are not enough when his attempt to be kind to an old man leaves them both feeling worse than before.


Article2 s

Article2_S

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

The Sampler

I. V. Morris

In a certain store where they sell puddings, a number of these delicious things are laid out in a row during the Christmas season. Here you may select the one which is most to your taste, and you are even allowed to sample them before coming to a decision.

I have often wondered whether some people, who had no intention of making a purchase, would take advantage of this privilege. One day I asked this question of the shop girl, and I learned it was indeed the case.


Article2 w

Article2_w

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

The Sampler

I. V. Morris

In a certain store where they sell puddings, a number of these delicious things are laid out in a row during the Christmas season. Here you may select the one which is most to your taste, and you are even allowed to sample them before coming to a decision.

I have often wondered whether some people, who had no intention of making a purchase, would take advantage of this privilege. One day I asked this question of the shop girl, and I learned it was indeed the case.


Article2 s1

Article2_S

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

The Sampler

I. V. Morris

1. Paraphrase the sentence.

There is a certain store where puddings are sold. During the Christmas season, different kinds of delicious puddings are spread out in a row so that customers can select to their liking. And before they decide what to buy, they can even taste the puddings.

In a certain store where they sell puddings, a number of these delicious things are laid out in a row during the Christmas season. Here you may select the one which is most to your taste, and you are even allowed to sample them before coming to a decision.

2. Translate the sentence into Chinese.

I have often wondered whether some people, who had no intention of making a purchase, would take advantage of this privilege. One day I asked this question of the shop girl, and I learned it was indeed the case.

有一家出售布丁的商店,每年圣诞节期间都把许多美味的食品摆成一排供顾客选购。在这里你可以挑选最合你口味的布丁,甚至商店还允许你先把各色布丁品尝一番,然后再作出决定。


Article2 s2

Article2_S

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

The Sampler

I. V. Morris

What does the narrator want to know?

A customer has the right to sample the puddings before coming to a decision whether to buy them or not, and the narrator often wants to know if there were people who would merely sample them with no intention to buy any.

In a certain store where they sell puddings, a number of these delicious things are laid out in a row during the Christmas season. Here you may select the one which is most to your taste, and you are even allowed to sample them before coming to a decision.

I have often wondered whether some people, who had no intention of making a purchase, would take advantage of this privilege. One day I asked this question of the shop girl, and I learned it was indeed the case.


Article2 w select

Article2_w_select

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

The Sampler

I. V. Morris

select:

vt. choose

In a certain store where they sell puddings, a number of these delicious things are laid out in a row during the Christmas season. Here you may select the one which is most to your taste, and you are even allowed to sample them before coming to a decision.

She was selected from many applicants.

The city was selected as the site for the coming Olympic Games.

adj. chosen

In ancient times, book knowledge was limited to the select few.

I have often wondered whether some people, who had no intention of making a purchase, would take advantage of this privilege. One day I asked this question of the shop girl, and I learned it was indeed the case.

John Major became Mrs. Thatcher’s select successor.


Article2 w select2

Article2_w_select2

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

The Sampler

CF:

select, choose & elect

这几个词都是动词,都有“选择”之意。

The Sampler

I. V. Morris

select

指经过考虑后从许多同类东西中仔细认真地进行选择,往往是根据被选择对象的优劣进行选择。

In a certain store where they sell puddings, a number of these delicious things are laid out in a row during the Christmas season. Here you may select the one which is most to your taste, and you are even allowed to sample them before coming to a decision.

They were selected from among many applicants.

他们是从许多报名者当中挑选出来的。

choose

是最普通的词语,指运用自己的判断能力按照被选对象的正确与否,合适与否进行选择,往往含有一种在客观条件下进行选择的意思。

Choose the correct for each blank.

I have often wondered whether some people, who had no intention of making a purchase, would take advantage of this privilege. One day I asked this question of the shop girl, and I learned it was indeed the case.

选择正确的词填空。

elect

通常只用选票或其他方法选中某人担任某一职务。

We elected her monitor.

我们选她当班长。


Article2 w sample

Article2_w_sample

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

The Sampler

I. V. Morris

sample:

n. a small part representing the whole

In a certain store where they sell puddings, a number of these delicious things are laid out in a row during the Christmas season. Here you may select the one which is most to your taste, and you are even allowed to sample them before coming to a decision.

The nurse took a sample of my blood for tests.

Next, I’d like to show you our sample room.

vt. take and examine a part of

She sampled the wine before giving it to the others.

The scientist sampled the spring water and declared it beneficial to human health.

I have often wondered whether some people, who had no intention of making a purchase, would take advantage of this privilege. One day I asked this question of the shop girl, and I learned it was indeed the case.


Article2 w sample2

Article2_w_sample2

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

The Sampler

I. V. Morris

intention:n.purpose

如果我伤了你的感情那完全是无意的。

In a certain store where they sell puddings, a number of these delicious things are laid out in a row during the Christmas season. Here you may select the one which is most to your taste, and you are even allowed to sample them before coming to a decision.

If I've hurt your feelings, it was quite without intention.

Well-intentioned though he is, he is always laughed at by others.

Collocation:

by intention

故意

I have often wondered whether some people, who had no intention of making a purchase, would take advantage of this privilege. One day I asked this question of the shop girl, and I learned it was indeed the case.

have no intention of doing ...

无意做…

with the intention of

抱有…目的/打算

with the best of intentions

好心好意, 出于一片好心

without intention

无意中, 不是故意地


Article2 w purchase

Article2_w_purchase

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

The Sampler

The Sampler

purchase:

I. V. Morris

n. buying

That dress you bought yesterday is a good purchase.

In a certain store where they sell puddings, a number of these delicious things are laid out in a row during the Christmas season. Here you may select the one which is most to your taste, and you are even allowed to sample them before coming to a decision.

He gave his son some money for the purchase of his school books.

vt. buy

He is intending to purchase a new car on installments.

I have often wondered whether some people, who had no intention of making a purchase, would take advantage of this privilege. One day I asked this question of the shop girl, and I learned it was indeed the case.

Women tend to have stronger purchasing power than men do.


Article2 w purchase2

Article2_w_purchase2

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

take advantage of: make use of (sth. or sb.) for one’s own benefit

The Sampler

We’ve decided to take full advantage of the week-long holiday to visit some interesting places in southeast countries.

The Sampler

The Sampler

I. V. Morris

In a certain store where they sell puddings, a number of these delicious things are laid out in a row during the Christmas season. Here you may select the one which is most to your taste, and you are even allowed to sample them before coming to a decision.

They often take advantage of his kindness and borrow money from him and never return it.

Collocation:

at an advantage

有利地

I have often wondered whether some people, who had no intention of making a purchase, would take advantage of this privilege. One day I asked this question of the shop girl, and I learned it was indeed the case.

be of advantage to

对…有利

gain / get / have / win an (the) advantage over (of)

胜过, 优于

使某人处于有利地位

give sb. an advantage (over)

have the advantage of

比…强, 胜过

take advantage of / make one's advantage of

乘机利用


Article2 w privilege

Article2_w_privilege

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

The Sampler

I. V. Morris

privilege: n. special right given to a person

In a certain store where they sell puddings, a number of these delicious things are laid out in a row during the Christmas season. Here you may select the one which is most to your taste, and you are even allowed to sample them before coming to a decision.

It is my great privilege to have dinner with you.

Diplomats enjoy a lot of privilege in foreign countries.

I have often wondered whether some people, who had no intention of making a purchase, would take advantage of this privilege. One day I asked this question of the shop girl, and I learned it was indeed the case.


Article3 s

Article3_S

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

“Now there’s one old gentleman, for instance,” she told me, “he comes here almost every week and samples each one of the puddings, though he never buys anything, and I suspect he never will. I remember him from last year and the year before that, too. Well, let him come if he wants it, and welcome to it. And what’s more, I hope there are a lot more stores where he can go and get his share. He looks as if he needed it all right, and I suppose they can afford it.”

She was still speaking when an elderly gentleman limped up to the counter and began looking closely at the row of puddings with great interest.

“Why, that’s the very gentleman I’ve been telling you about,” whispered the shop girl. “Just watch him now.” And then turning to him: “Would you like to sample them, sir? Here’s a spoon for you to use.”


Article3 w

Article3_W

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

“Now there’s one old gentleman, for instance,” she told me, “he comes here almost every week and samples each one of the puddings, though he never buys anything, and I suspect he never will. I remember him from last year and the year before that, too. Well, let him come if he wants it, and welcome to it. And what’s more, I hope there are a lot more stores where he can go and get his share. He looks as if he needed it all right, and I suppose they can afford it.”

She was still speaking when an elderly gentleman limped up to the counter and began looking closely at the row of puddings with great interest.

“Why, that’s the very gentleman I’ve been telling you about,” whispered the shop girl. “Just watch him now.” And then turning to him: “Would you like to sample them, sir? Here’s a spoon for you to use.”


Article3 s can you

Article3_S_can you …..

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

“Now there’s one old gentleman, for instance,” she told me, “he comes here almost every week and samples each one of the puddings, though he never buys anything, and I suspect he never will. I remember him from last year and the year before that, too. Well, let him come if he wants it, and welcome to it. And what’s more, I hope there are a lot more stores where he can go and get his share. He looks as if he needed it all right, and I suppose they can afford it.”

1. What is the shop girl’s hope?

She hopes many other stores can allow him to sample their puddings, too.

2. What do you think of the shop girl?

She’s very nice and kind because she feels sorry for the old man.

She was still speaking when an elderly gentleman limped up to the counter and began looking closely at the row of puddings with great interest.

“Why, that’s the very gentleman I’ve been telling you about,” whispered the shop girl. “Just watch him now.” And then turning to him: “Would you like to sample them, sir? Here’s a spoon for you to use.”


Article3 w suspect

Article3_W_suspect

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

suspect:

“Now there’s one old gentleman, for instance,” she told me, “he comes here almost every week and samples each one of the puddings, though he never buys anything, and I suspect he never will. I remember him from last year and the year before that, too. Well, let him come if he wants it, and welcome to it. And what’s more, I hope there are a lot more stores where he can go and get his share. He looks as if he needed it all right, and I suppose they can afford it.”

vt. guess or suppose; feel doubt about

He said he’d be here at eleven o’clock, but I suspect he will be late.

警方怀疑他是个抢劫犯。

The police suspected him of robbery / suspected that he was a robber.

n. sb. suspected of wrongdoing

The police cannot arrest any suspect without firm evidence.

She was still speaking when an elderly gentleman limped up to the counter and began looking closely at the row of puddings with great interest.

“Why, that’s the very gentleman I’ve been telling you about,” whispered the shop girl. “Just watch him now.” And then turning to him: “Would you like to sample them, sir? Here’s a spoon for you to use.”

Pattern: suspect sb. of doing sth.

suspect sb. of sth.

suspect sb. to be


Article3 w suspect2

Article3_W_suspect2

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

CF:

suspect & doubt

这两个词都是动词,都有“怀疑”、“不相信”之意。

suspect

意思是“怀疑”、“猜想”、“觉得不可靠”,指没有足够的证据或毫无证据而相信,或模糊地觉得某事已经存在或将要发生,但由于证据或理由不足而不能做出断定。如果指不相信某事,有时可与doubt替换。

“Now there’s one old gentleman, for instance,” she told me, “he comes here almost every week and samples each one of the puddings, though he never buys anything, and I suspect he never will. I remember him from last year and the year before that, too. Well, let him come if he wants it, and welcome to it. And what’s more, I hope there are a lot more stores where he can go and get his share. He looks as if he needed it all right, and I suppose they can afford it.”

doubt

意思是“怀疑”、“不相信”,常带“否定”意味,指怀疑某种事物的存在或是否会发生,也指怀疑某人说的话或某种说法是否可靠。

Directions: Fill in the blanks with the words above. Change

the form where necessary.

suspected

_________

1. At first, I him to be an imposter.

She was still speaking when an elderly gentleman limped up to the counter and began looking closely at the row of puddings with great interest.

“Why, that’s the very gentleman I’ve been telling you about,” whispered the shop girl. “Just watch him now.” And then turning to him: “Would you like to sample them, sir? Here’s a spoon for you to use.”

_____

2. He began to whether she would come or not.

doubt

_______

3. We you of nothing. Take it easy.

suspect

_____

4. I his honesty.

doubt

5. The students that the teacher was ill yesterday

because a substitute came instead.

suspected

_________


Article3 w and

Article3_W_and...

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

“Now there’s one old gentleman, for instance,” she told me, “he comes here almost every week and samples each one of the puddings, though he never buys anything, and I suspect he never will. I remember him from last year and the year before that, too. Well, let him come if he wants it, and welcome to it. And what’s more, I hope there are a lot more stores where he can go and get his share. He looks as if he needed it all right, and I suppose they can afford it.”

and what’s more:

also, and more importantly, seriously, etc.

Playing games can relieve people totally from the pressure of work, and what’s more, it can teach rules of life as well.

He managed to finish the task within limited time, and what’s more, the task is well-done.

NB:

More usages of “more”

1.当more作many的比较级用时,前面可以用一个表示程度的状语来修饰。

a lot of more

2.当more代替或修饰可数名词复数时,前面可用a few, many或数字来修

饰。a few more apples or three more books

3.如more后接的是不可数名词,副词或形容词时,more前面可用much,

rather, a little, a great deal来修饰。rather more slowly or much

more serious

She was still speaking when an elderly gentleman limped up to the counter and began looking closely at the row of puddings with great interest.

“Why, that’s the very gentleman I’ve been telling you about,” whispered the shop girl. “Just watch him now.” And then turning to him: “Would you like to sample them, sir? Here’s a spoon for you to use.”


Article3 w all right

Article3_W_all right

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

“Now there’s one old gentleman, for instance,” she told me, “he comes here almost every week and samples each one of the puddings, though he never buys anything, and I suspect he never will. I remember him from last year and the year before that, too. Well, let him come if he wants it, and welcome to it. And what’s more, I hope there are a lot more stores where he can go and get his share. He looks as if he needed it all right, and I suppose they can afford it.”

all right: certainly; beyond doubt

She is pretty all right, but I don’t like her.

It’s time to leave, all right, but the bus hasn’t come.

She was still speaking when an elderly gentleman limped up to the counter and began looking closely at the row of puddings with great interest.

“Why, that’s the very gentleman I’ve been telling you about,” whispered the shop girl. “Just watch him now.” And then turning to him: “Would you like to sample them, sir? Here’s a spoon for you to use.”


Article3 w afford

Article3_W_afford

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

afford: v. have enough time, means, time, etc. for; be able to

spare (often used with can, be able to, could)

“Now there’s one old gentleman, for instance,” she told me, “he comes here almost every week and samples each one of the puddings, though he never buys anything, and I suspect he never will. I remember him from last year and the year before that, too. Well, let him come if he wants it, and welcome to it. And what’s more, I hope there are a lot more stores where he can go and get his share. He looks as if he needed it all right, and I suppose they can afford it.”

No one can afford to waste so much time attending the meeting.

I wish I could afford two hours for the party.

NB:

1.在否定结构中时, 表示“经不起”(发生某事,做某事),含尽力避免其发生做某事的意思。

2. 表示有能力做某事时,通常不用被动语态。

不能说:Cars are so expensive that they can be afforded only by the rich people.

She was still speaking when an elderly gentleman limped up to the counter and began looking closely at the row of puddings with great interest.

“Why, that’s the very gentleman I’ve been telling you about,” whispered the shop girl. “Just watch him now.” And then turning to him: “Would you like to sample them, sir? Here’s a spoon for you to use.”

I can’t afford to neglect my father’s scolding.

Cars are so expensive that only rich people can afford to buy them.


Article3 w very

Article3_W_very

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

“Now there’s one old gentleman, for instance,” she told me, “he comes here almost every week and samples each one of the puddings, though he never buys anything, and I suspect he never will. I remember him from last year and the year before that, too. Well, let him come if he wants it, and welcome to it. And what’s more, I hope there are a lot more stores where he can go and get his share. He looks as if he needed it all right, and I suppose they can afford it.”

very: adj.

used to emphasize a noun (only before noun and often used with the, this, my, your)

It was on this very spot, the manager was shot.

你正是我要找的人。

You are the very man I’m looking for.

She was still speaking when an elderly gentleman limped up to the counter and began looking closely at the row of puddings with great interest.

“Why, that’s the very gentleman I’ve been telling you about,” whispered the shop girl. “Just watch him now.” And then turning to him: “Would you like to sample them, sir? Here’s a spoon for you to use.”


Article4 s

Article4_S

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

The elderly gentleman, who was poorly but neatly dressed, accepted the spoon and began eagerly to sample one after another of the puddings, only breaking off occasionally to wipe his red eyes with a large torn handkerchief.

“This is quite good.”

“This is not bad either, but a little too heavy.”

All the time it was quite evident that he sincerely believed that he might eventually buy one of these puddings, and I am positive that he did not for a moment feel that he was in any way cheating the store. Poor old chap! Probably he had come down in the world and this sampling was all that was left him from the time when he could afford to come and select his favorite pudding.

Amidst the crowd of happy, prosperous looking Christmas shoppers, the little black figure of the old man seemed pitiful and out of place, and in a burst of benevolence, I went up to him and said:


Article4 w

Article4_W

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

The elderly gentleman, who was poorly but neatly dressed, accepted the spoon and began eagerly to sample one after another of the puddings, only breaking off occasionally to wipe his red eyes with a large torn handkerchief.

“This is quite good.”

“This is not bad either, but a little too heavy.”

All the time it was quite evident that he sincerely believed that he might eventually buy one of these puddings, and I am positive that he did not for a moment feel that he was in any way cheating the store. Poor old chap! Probably he had come down in the world and this sampling was all that was left him from the time when he could afford to come and select his favorite pudding.

Amidst the crowd of happy, prosperous looking Christmas shoppers, the little black figure of the old man seemed pitiful and out of place, and in a burst of benevolence, I went up to him and said:


Article4 s what s the

Article4_S_what’s the…

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

The elderly gentleman, who was poorly but neatly dressed, accepted the spoon and began eagerly to sample one after another of the puddings, only breaking off occasionally to wipe his red eyes with a large torn handkerchief.

1. What can we infer from this sentence?

We can infer that the old man had a strong sense of dignity. He pretended to be quite serious about choosing a pudding though he didn’t really intend to buy any.

“This is quite good.”

“This is not bad either, but a little too heavy.”

All the time it was quite evident that he sincerely believed that he might eventually buy one of these puddings, and I am positive that he did not for a moment feel that he was in any way cheating the store. Poor old chap! Probably he had come down in the world and this sampling was all that was left him from the time when he could afford to come and select his favorite pudding.

Amidst the crowd of happy, prosperous looking Christmas shoppers, the little black figure of the old man seemed pitiful and out of place, and in a burst of benevolence, I went up to him and said:

2. What does “heavy” mean here?

It means too rich and filling.


Article4 s how many

Article4_S_How many …

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

The elderly gentleman, who was poorly but neatly dressed, accepted the spoon and began eagerly to sample one after another of the puddings, only breaking off occasionally to wipe his red eyes with a large torn handkerchief.

1. What was the narrator doing at that time?

He was watching the old man all the time.

2. What impression did the narrator get?

He was under the impression that the old man himself believed that he would finally buy one of the puddings.

“This is quite good.”

“This is not bad either, but a little too heavy.”

All the time it was quite evident that he sincerely believed that he might eventually buy one of these puddings, and I am positive that he did not for a moment feel that he was in any way cheating the store. Poor old chap! Probably he had come down in the world and this sampling was all that was left him from the time when he could afford to come and select his favorite pudding.

Amidst the crowd of happy, prosperous looking Christmas shoppers, the little black figure of the old man seemed pitiful and out of place, and in a burst of benevolence, I went up to him and said:


Article4 s1

Article4_s

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

The elderly gentleman, who was poorly but neatly dressed, accepted the spoon and began eagerly to sample one after another of the puddings, only breaking off occasionally to wipe his red eyes with a large torn handkerchief.

1. What does the phrase “the crowd of happy, prosperous looking

Christmas shoppers” imply?

It implies that around Christmas the shoppers all appear to have plenty of money because they buy a lot of things.

2. Translate the sentence into Chinese.

“This is quite good.”

“This is not bad either, but a little too heavy.”

All the time it was quite evident that he sincerely believed that he might eventually buy one of these puddings, and I am positive that he did not for a moment feel that he was in any way cheating the store. Poor old chap! Probably he had come down in the world and this sampling was all that was left him from the time when he could afford to come and select his favorite pudding.

Amidst the crowd of happy, prosperous looking Christmas shoppers, the little black figure of the old man seemed pitiful and out of place, and in a burst of benevolence, I went up to him and said:

为圣诞节忙着的顾客个个喜形于色,看上去都很富裕。老人矮小的黑色身影在这群人中显得很不相称。 我突然动了恻隐之心……


Article4 w break off

Article4_W_break off

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

The elderly gentleman, who was poorly but neatly dressed, accepted the spoon and began eagerly to sample one after another of the puddings, only breaking off occasionally to wipe his red eyes with a large torn handkerchief.

break off:stop suddenly

John rose. “As for me —” he suddenly broke off when the teacher came in.

The speaker was interrupted so often that in a huff he broke off and sat down.

“This is quite good.”

“This is not bad either, but a little too heavy.”

All the time it was quite evident that he sincerely believed that he might eventually buy one of these puddings, and I am positive that he did not for a moment feel that he was in any way cheating the store. Poor old chap! Probably he had come down in the world and this sampling was all that was left him from the time when he could afford to come and select his favorite pudding.

Amidst the crowd of happy, prosperous looking Christmas shoppers, the little black figure of the old man seemed pitiful and out of place, and in a burst of benevolence, I went up to him and said:


Article4 w positive

Article4_W_positive

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

The elderly gentleman, who was poorly but neatly dressed, accepted the spoon and began eagerly to sample one after another of the puddings, only breaking off occasionally to wipe his red eyes with a large torn handkerchief.

positive: adj.

1)sure or certain

I am positive that it was John who scrambled for help just now.

Can you be positive about what you heard?

“This is quite good.”

“This is not bad either, but a little too heavy.”

All the time it was quite evident that he sincerely believed that he might eventually buy one of these puddings, and I am positive that he did not for a moment feel that he was in any way cheating the store. Poor old chap! Probably he had come down in the world and this sampling was all that was left him from the time when he could afford to come and select his favorite pudding.

Amidst the crowd of happy, prosperous looking Christmas shoppers, the little black figure of the old man seemed pitiful and out of place, and in a burst of benevolence, I went up to him and said:

2)constructive

The old professor gave him some positive suggestions on what to do next.

3) (in math) greater than zero; (of electricity)

caused by deficiency of electrons

“+” is the positive sign.

You must have confused the positive pole with the negative pole.


Article4 w cheat

GR-text1

Article4_W_cheat

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

The elderly gentleman, who was poorly but neatly dressed, accepted the spoon and began eagerly to sample one after another of the puddings, only breaking off occasionally to wipe his red eyes with a large torn handkerchief.

cheat:

v. act in a dishonest way to win an advantage or profit

Those students who cheat on / in the exam will be punished.

“This is quite good.”

“This is not bad either, but a little too heavy.”

All the time it was quite evident that he sincerely believed that he might eventually buy one of these puddings, and I am positive that he did not for a moment feel that he was in any way cheating the store. Poor old chap! Probably he had come down in the world and this sampling was all that was left him from the time when he could afford to come and select his favorite pudding.

Amidst the crowd of happy, prosperous looking Christmas shoppers, the little black figure of the old man seemed pitiful and out of place, and in a burst of benevolence, I went up to him and said:

The elderly woman was cheated into buying a house that did not exist.

The elderly woman was cheated out of her fortune.

n. an action of deception or sb. that deceives

Some tax cheats have been heavily fined.

Cheats will be disclosed in the long run.


Article4 w cheat2

Article4_W_cheat2

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

The elderly gentleman, who was poorly but neatly dressed, accepted the spoon and began eagerly to sample one after another of the puddings, only breaking off occasionally to wipe his red eyes with a large torn handkerchief.

CF:

cheat & deceive

这两个动词均有“欺骗”之意。

cheat

普通用词,指用蒙蔽他人的手段取得所需之物,尤多指在赢利的买卖中欺骗人。

“This is quite good.”

“This is not bad either, but a little too heavy.”

All the time it was quite evident that he sincerely believed that he might eventually buy one of these puddings, and I am positive that he did not for a moment feel that he was in any way cheating the store. Poor old chap! Probably he had come down in the world and this sampling was all that was left him from the time when he could afford to come and select his favorite pudding.

Amidst the crowd of happy, prosperous looking Christmas shoppers, the little black figure of the old man seemed pitiful and out of place, and in a burst of benevolence, I went up to him and said:

He always cheat at cards; I never play with him.

他打牌时总是作弊;我从不同他一起打牌。

deceive

指采用歪曲真相隐瞒事实的手法给人造成假相,使人上当受骗。此外,该词在被动语态中和后借反身动词的情况下,不一定指欺骗,往往指认识上的错误。

He deceived me under the mask of friendship.

他假托友谊来欺骗我。

You deceived yourself as to the course you chose.

你对自己所采取的方针认识不正确。


Article4 w come down

Article4_W_ come down ..

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

The elderly gentleman, who was poorly but neatly dressed, accepted the spoon and began eagerly to sample one after another of the puddings, only breaking off occasionally to wipe his red eyes with a large torn handkerchief.

come down in the world: lose a place of respect or honor;

become lower as in rank or fortune

The stranger plainly had come down a long way in the world.

Poor old George has come down in the world since his business failed.

“This is quite good.”

“This is not bad either, but a little too heavy.”

All the time it was quite evident that he sincerely believed that he might eventually buy one of these puddings, and I am positive that he did not for a moment feel that he was in any way cheating the store. Poor old chap! Probably he had come down in the world and this sampling was all that was left him from the time when he could afford to come and select his favorite pudding.

Amidst the crowd of happy, prosperous looking Christmas shoppers, the little black figure of the old man seemed pitiful and out of place, and in a burst of benevolence, I went up to him and said:


Article4 w admidst

Article4_W_admidst

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

The elderly gentleman, who was poorly but neatly dressed, accepted the spoon and began eagerly to sample one after another of the puddings, only breaking off occasionally to wipe his red eyes with a large torn handkerchief.

amidst:prep. among, in the middle of

A church stands amidst trees.

他在各种危险中总是勇敢的。

He was brave amidst all dangers.

“This is quite good.”

“This is not bad either, but a little too heavy.”

All the time it was quite evident that he sincerely believed that he might eventually buy one of these puddings, and I am positive that he did not for a moment feel that he was in any way cheating the store. Poor old chap! Probably he had come down in the world and this sampling was all that was left him from the time when he could afford to come and select his favorite pudding.

Amidst the crowd of happy, prosperous looking Christmas shoppers, the little black figure of the old man seemed pitiful and out of place, and in a burst of benevolence, I went up to him and said:


Article4 w crowd

Article4_W_crowd

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

The elderly gentleman, who was poorly but neatly dressed, accepted the spoon and began eagerly to sample one after another of the puddings, only breaking off occasionally to wipe his red eyes with a large torn handkerchief.

crowd:

n. large group of people together

Crowds gather in front of the stock exchange every weekday.

Upon his arrival, the President was cheered by welcoming crowds.

v. come together in a crowd

“This is quite good.”

“This is not bad either, but a little too heavy.”

All the time it was quite evident that he sincerely believed that he might eventually buy one of these puddings, and I am positive that he did not for a moment feel that he was in any way cheating the store. Poor old chap! Probably he had come down in the world and this sampling was all that was left him from the time when he could afford to come and select his favorite pudding.

Amidst the crowd of happy, prosperous looking Christmas shoppers, the little black figure of the old man seemed pitiful and out of place, and in a burst of benevolence, I went up to him and said:

People crowded around the tourist guide for more interesting stories.

One can hardly breathe in such a crowded room.

Collocation:

attract / draw a crowd

吸引一群人

disperse a crowd

驱散一群人

an enormous / huge / tremendous crowd

庞大的人群

a capacity crowd

客满

the wrong crowd

一帮坏人


Article4 w prosperous

GR-text1

Article4_W_prosperous

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

The elderly gentleman, who was poorly but neatly dressed, accepted the spoon and began eagerly to sample one after another of the puddings, only breaking off occasionally to wipe his red eyes with a large torn handkerchief.

prosperous: adj. rich; successful

Upon liberation in 1949, many overseas Chinese came back to build a prosperous China.

We should hold a party for the prosperous business this year.

“This is quite good.”

“This is not bad either, but a little too heavy.”

All the time it was quite evident that he sincerely believed that he might eventually buy one of these puddings, and I am positive that he did not for a moment feel that he was in any way cheating the store. Poor old chap! Probably he had come down in the world and this sampling was all that was left him from the time when he could afford to come and select his favorite pudding.

Amidst the crowd of happy, prosperous looking Christmas shoppers, the little black figure of the old man seemed pitiful and out of place, and in a burst of benevolence, I went up to him and said:


Article4 w figure

GR-text1

Article4_W_figure

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

The elderly gentleman, who was poorly but neatly dressed, accepted the spoon and began eagerly to sample one after another of the puddings, only breaking off occasionally to wipe his red eyes with a large torn handkerchief.

figure: n.

1) human form

What a fine figure of a man!

I saw a familiar figure ahead of me in the crowded subway station.

2) number

“This is quite good.”

“This is not bad either, but a little too heavy.”

All the time it was quite evident that he sincerely believed that he might eventually buy one of these puddings, and I am positive that he did not for a moment feel that he was in any way cheating the store. Poor old chap! Probably he had come down in the world and this sampling was all that was left him from the time when he could afford to come and select his favorite pudding.

Amidst the crowd of happy, prosperous looking Christmas shoppers, the little black figure of the old man seemed pitiful and out of place, and in a burst of benevolence, I went up to him and said:

People were surprised to find that the beggar had a bank account of six figures.

用文字和数字写下这笔钱数。

Write the amount in words and in figures.

3) drawing to illustrate sth.

Her job is to draw figures for magazine articles.


Article5 w

Article5_W

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

“Pardon me, sir, will you do me a favor? Let me purchase you one of these puddings. It would give me such pleasure.”

He jumped back as if he had been stung, and the blood rushed into his wrinkled face.

“Excuse me,” he said, with more dignity than I would have thought possibleconsidering his appearance, “I do not believe I have the pleasure of knowing you. Undoubtedly you have mistaken me for someone else.” And with a quick decision he turned to the shop girl and said in a loud voice, “Kindly pack me up this one here. I will take it with me.” He pointed at one of the largest and most expensive of the puddings.


Article5 w1

Article5_W

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

“Pardon me, sir, will you do me a favor? Let me purchase you one of these puddings. It would give me such pleasure.”

He jumped back as if he had been stung, and the blood rushed into his wrinkled face.

“Excuse me,” he said, with more dignity than I would have thought possible considering his appearance, “I do not believe I have the pleasure of knowing you. Undoubtedly you have mistaken me for someone else.” And with a quick decision he turned to the shop girl and said in a loud voice, “Kindly pack me up this one here. I will take it with me.” He pointed at one of the largest and most expensive of the puddings.


Article5 w2

Article5_W

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

“Pardon me, sir, will you do me a favor? Let me purchase you one of these puddings. It would give me such pleasure.”

1. Why did the old man behave like that?

Because he did not expect that one of the customers would come up and offer to buy him one of the puddings.

He jumped back as if he had been stung, and the blood rushed into his wrinkled face.

“Excuse me,” he said, with more dignity than I would have thought possibleconsidering his appearance, “I do not believe I have the pleasure of knowing you. Undoubtedly you have mistaken me for someone else.” And with a quick decision he turned to the shop girl and said in a loud voice, “Kindly pack me up this one here. I will take it with me.” He pointed at one of the largest and most expensive of the puddings.

2. What do the words “jumped back” and “stung” suggest?

They suggest that the old man was shocked as well as hurt.

3. Why did his wrinkled face turn red?

It turned red simply because he felt humiliated, resentful and even indignant.


Article5 w3

Article5_W

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

“Pardon me, sir, will you do me a favor? Let me purchase you one of these puddings. It would give me such pleasure.”

How to understand this sentence?

I did not expect that he would react with such dignity or pride as far as his appearance was concerned.

He jumped back as if he had been stung, and the blood rushed into his wrinkled face.

“Excuse me,” he said, with more dignity than I would have thought possibleconsidering his appearance, “I do not believe I have the pleasure of knowing you. Undoubtedly you have mistaken me for someone else.” And with a quick decision he turned to the shop girl and said in a loud voice, “Kindly pack me up this one here. I will take it with me.” He pointed at one of the largest and most expensive of the puddings.


Article5 w4

Article5_W

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

“Pardon me, sir, will you do me a favor? Let me purchase you one of these puddings. It would give me such pleasure.”

1. What do you think of the old man’s choice of words?

It is rather impressive. In response to the narrator’s offer, he switched to a higher level of speech, which was stiff and formal.

He jumped back as if he had been stung, and the blood rushed into his wrinkled face.

“Excuse me,” he said, with more dignity than I would have thought possibleconsidering his appearance, “I do not believe I have the pleasure of knowing you. Undoubtedly you have mistaken me for someone else.” And with a quick decision he turned to the shop girl and said in a loud voice, “Kindly pack me up this one here. I will take it with me.” He pointed at one of the largest and most expensive of the puddings.

2. What does it suggest?

It suggests that he not only looked dignified but also might have a good educational background.


Article3 w considering

Article3_W_considering

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

“Pardon me, sir, will you do me a favor? Let me purchase you one of these puddings. It would give me such pleasure.”

considering: prep.

in view of; taking into account

He writes a beautiful hand considering his age.

He jumped back as if he had been stung, and the blood rushed into his wrinkled face.

“Excuse me,” he said, with more dignity than I would have thought possible considering his appearance, “I do not believe I have the pleasure of knowing you. Undoubtedly you have mistaken me for someone else.” And with a quick decision he turned to the shop girl and said in a loud voice, “Kindly pack me up this one here. I will take it with me.” He pointed at one of the largest and most expensive of the puddings.

Considering that I have told you about it three times, you must know it.


Article3 w appearance

Article3_W_appearance

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

“Pardon me, sir, will you do me a favor? Let me purchase you one of these puddings. It would give me such pleasure.”

1) look

appearance: n.

He had an unhealthy appearance.

He jumped back as if he had been stung, and the blood rushed into his wrinkled face.

“Excuse me,” he said, with more dignity than I would have thought possible considering his appearance, “I do not believe I have the pleasure of knowing you. Undoubtedly you have mistaken me for someone else.” And with a quick decision he turned to the shop girl and said in a loud voice, “Kindly pack me up this one here. I will take it with me.” He pointed at one of the largest and most expensive of the puddings.

不要根据外表来作判断。

Don’t judge by appearances.

2) the act of appearing

Some people are still frightened by the appearance of UFOs.

My appearance at the party was not very welcome.

Collocation:

put in / make an appearance

出现;露面

make a personal appearance

亲自露面(出场)

at one’s appearance

在出现时

in appearance

从外表看来

at first appearance

初看起来


Article3 w appearance 2

Article3_W_appearance 2

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

CF:

appearance, expression, face & looks

这几个词都是名词,都有“表面”之意。

“Pardon me, sir, will you do me a favor? Let me purchase you one of these puddings. It would give me such pleasure.”

appearance

强调外表、外貌、外观。

expression

指神色和表情,与前者相比更有抽象意味。

He jumped back as if he had been stung, and the blood rushed into his wrinkled face.

“Excuse me,” he said, with more dignity than I would have thought possible considering his appearance, “I do not believe I have the pleasure of knowing you. Undoubtedly you have mistaken me for someone else.” And with a quick decision he turned to the shop girl and said in a loud voice, “Kindly pack me up this one here. I will take it with me.” He pointed at one of the largest and most expensive of the puddings.

face

表示实体的脸与面孔,引申为面部表情或脸色。

looks

意思是“容貌”,指人的相貌仪表。

Directions: Fill in the blanks with the words above. Change

the form where necessary.

expression

_________.

1. He looked at me with a very strange

_____

face

2. She had alike thunder.

3. Her was sad.

_____

face

4. We don’t like his shabby

appearance

__________.

expression

_________

5. “I don’t understand,” he said, with a(an) of complete

surprise.

6. She’s got her father’s good

_____.

looks


Article3 w mistake

Article3_W_mistake

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

“Pardon me, sir, will you do me a favor? Let me purchase you one of these puddings. It would give me such pleasure.”

suppose wrongly that sth. or sb. is sth. or sb. else

mistake… for:

I mistook that stick for a snake.

He jumped back as if he had been stung, and the blood rushed into his wrinkled face.

“Excuse me,” he said, with more dignity than I would have thought possible considering his appearance, “I do not believe I have the pleasure of knowing you. Undoubtedly you have mistaken me for someone else.” And with a quick decision he turned to the shop girl and said in a loud voice, “Kindly pack me up this one here. I will take it with me.” He pointed at one of the largest and most expensive of the puddings.

People are always mistaking him for his twin brother.


Article3 w pack

Article3_W_pack

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

“Pardon me, sir, will you do me a favor? Let me purchase you one of these puddings. It would give me such pleasure.”

v.

1) put things into boxes, bases, etc.

pack:

Some British people pack their lunch in a paper bag.

He jumped back as if he had been stung, and the blood rushed into his wrinkled face.

“Excuse me,” he said, with more dignity than I would have thought possible considering his appearance, “I do not believe I have the pleasure of knowing you. Undoubtedly you have mistaken me for someone else.” And with a quick decision he turned to the shop girl and said in a loud voice, “Kindly pack me up this one here. I will take it with me.” He pointed at one of the largest and most expensive of the puddings.

I hate traveling because it takes me much time to pack and unpack my things.

2) crowd

The bus is heavily packed during rush hours.

The bad businessman packed unreasonable costs into the budget.

n. bundle of things tied or wrapped up together

What do you carry in that huge pack on your back?

请给我一包香烟。

Please give me a pack of cigarettes.


Article5 w5

Article5_W

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

The girl took down the pudding from its stand and started to make a parcel of it, while he pulled out a worn little black pocketbook and began counting out shillings and pennies on to the counter. To save his “honour” he had been forced into a purchase which he could not possibly afford. How I longed for the power to unsay my tactless words! It was too late though, and I felt that the kindest thing I could do now would be walk away.

“You pay at the desk,” the shop girl was telling him, but he did not seem to understand and kept trying to put the coins into her hand. And that was the last I saw or heard of the old man. Now he can never go there to sample puddings any more.


Article5 w6

Article5_W

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

The girl took down the pudding from its stand and started to make a parcel of it, while he pulled out a worn little black pocketbook and began counting out shillings and pennies on to the counter. To save his “honour” he had been forced into a purchase which he could not possibly afford. How I longed for the power to unsay my tactless words! It was too late though, and I felt that the kindest thing I could do now would be walk away.

“You pay at the desk,” the shop girl was telling him, but he did not seem to understand and kept trying to put the coins into her hand. And that was the last I saw or heard of the old man. Now he can never go there to sample puddings any more.


Article5 w conquer1

Article5_W_conquer1

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

The girl took down the pudding from its stand and started to make a parcel of it, while he pulled out a worn little black pocketbook and began counting out shillings and pennies on to the counter. To save his “honour” he had been forced into a purchase which he could not possibly afford. How I longed for the power to unsay my tactless words! It was too late though, and I felt that the kindest thing I could do now would be walk away.

1. Why did the narrator think so?

Because only in this way could the elderly gentleman save his face and both of them could be less embarrassed.

2. Translate the sentence into Chinese.

然而为时已晚,我感到此时唯有走开才是最积德的事。

“You pay at the desk,” the shop girl was telling him, but he did not seem to understand and kept trying to put the coins into her hand. And that was the last I saw or heard of the old man. Now he can never go there to sample puddings any more.


Article5 w conquer 2

Article5_W_conquer 2

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

The girl took down the pudding from its stand and started to make a parcel of it, while he pulled out a worn little black pocketbook and began counting out shillings and pennies on to the counter. To save his “honour” he had been forced into a purchase which he could not possibly afford. How I longed for the power to unsay my tactless words! It was too late though, and I felt that the kindest thing I could do now would be walk away.

worn: adj. bad from too much use

Oliver Twist had only a worn coat in winter.

It is time you changed your worn tire.

“You pay at the desk,” the shop girl was telling him, but he did not seem to understand and kept trying to put the coins into her hand. And that was the last I saw or heard of the old man. Now he can never go there to sample puddings any more.


Article5 w long for

Article5_W_long for

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

The girl took down the pudding from its stand and started to make a parcel of it, while he pulled out a worn little black pocketbook and began counting out shillings and pennies on to the counter. To save his “honour” he had been forced into a purchase which he could not possibly afford. How I longed for the power to unsay my tactless words! It was too late though, and I felt that the kindest thing I could do now would be walk away.

long for: wish very much for

In winter times, how we longed for spring.

I long for a timely reply from you.

“You pay at the desk,” the shop girl was telling him, but he did not seem to understand and kept trying to put the coins into her hand. And that was the last I saw or heard of the old man. Now he can never go there to sample puddings any more.


After reading main

After Reading_main

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

1.Useful Expressions

2.Word Completion

3.Spot Dictation

4.Role Play

5.Writing Practice — Ellipsis

6.Talk about the Pictures

7.Proverbs and Quotations


After reading 1 1

After Reading_1.1

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

Useful Expressions

1. 一番好意

good intention

2. 摆成一排,一字排开

lay out in a row

3. 合口味

to one’s taste

4. 允许

be allowed to

come to a decision

5. 做出决定

have no intention of

6. 无意做某事

take advantage of

7. 乘机利用

8. 情况确实如此

it’s indeed the case


After reading 1 2

After Reading_1.2

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

9. 得到一份优惠

get one’s share of the privilege

10. 欢迎来到…

welcome to…

11. 而且

what’s more

12. 仔细地看

look closely at

with great interest

13. 绕有兴趣

to be neatly dressed

14. 穿着整洁

turn to

15. 转向

16. 停下来

break off


After reading 1 3

After Reading_1.3

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

17. 显然

It is evident that …

18. 真诚地相信

sincerely believe

19. 自始至终

all the time

20. 家道败落

come down in the world

21. 不相称

out of place

22. 挽回“面子”

save one’s ‘honor’


After reading 2 1

After Reading_2.1

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

Word Completion

Directions:

Complete the words with the help of the definitions given.

rivilege

1. p special right given to a person

______

2. a have the money for

fford

______

__________

ccasionally

3. o now and then; at times

4. e in the end

ventually

__________

rosperous

__________

5. p rich; successful

itiful

__________

6. p making one feel pity

__________

ting

7. s prick or hurt

ppearance

__________

8. a that which can be seen; look

orn

__________

9. w damaged by use or wear

ignity

__________

10. d calm and serious manner or style


After reading 2 2

After Reading_2.2

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

Spot Dictation

Why does the old man come to the store every week and sample each of the puddings? Is it because he is poor, and so often goes food? Maybe. But alone does not explain everything. , coming to a store once or twice a week to have free samples of puddings cannot possibly keep the old man from . So there may be some other reasons.

Perhaps he has seen better days and pudding has always been his dessert. But now he has become so poor that he can no longer afford it. Therefore he comes to the store to take free samples of the puddings inmemoryof the past. may be another reason. Many old people in the West stores, libraries, and other public places, just to find and a bit of human .

______

without

poverty

______

________

Obviously

________

starvation

_______

favorite

Loneliness

_________

frequent

_______

________

company

_______

contact


After reading 4

afford cheat eventually select prosperous figure

appearance purchase privilege suspect pack worn

After Reading_4

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

Role Play

Using simple props (a spoon, a few small bowls, for instance), the teacher lays out the “puddings” (empty bowls actually) on the desk and asks one student to play the role of the old gentleman coming to the store. Another two students will be invited to play the parts of the shop girl and the narrator respectively. Students may refer to the following expressions.


After reading 5

After Reading_5

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

Writing Practice — ElIipsis

A Brief Introduction

  • Ellipsis is the omission of a word or words necessary for complete construction

  • but obviously understood in context or from the situation itself. By using ellipsis we can make a sentence shorter to achieve brevity or to avoid repetition.

2. Examples

buy anything

1) … though he never buys anything, and I suspect he never will .

To avoid repetition and make the sentence shorter, the last two words can be omitted.

he is

2) Well, let him come if he wants it, and welcome to it.

“He is” can be omitted because it has been mentioned before.

(there was)

3) Only my stocking was empty: it hung limp; not a thing in it; and

under and around it — nothing.

(there was)

“There was” can be omitted because without this expression the sentence is still understandable and grammatical.


After reading 6

After Reading_6

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

Homework

Directions:

Rewrite the following sentences, leaving out words which can be omitted.

1. His words moved everyone who was present.

His words moved everyone present.

2.What a pity it is you can’t go to the lecture!

What a pity you can’t go to the lecture!

3.Though he is still a young man he is a leading biologist in that country.

Though still a young man he is a leading biologist in that country.

4.You can do it this way if you care to do it.

You can do it this way if you care to.

5.Fill in the blanks with articles wherever they are necessary.

Fill in the blanks with articles wherever necessary.


After reading 61

After Reading_6

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

6.As it was scheduled, they met on January 20 at the Chinese Embassy.

As scheduled, they met on January 20 at the Chinese Embassy.

7.What will be the result if they do not come?

What if they do not come?

8.The sooner you do it, the better it will be.

The sooner, the better.

9.Is there anything wrong with the tape-recorder?

Anything wrong with the tape-recorder?

10.When you are in need, don’t hesitate to ask me for money.

When in need, don’t hesitate to ask me for money.


After reading 7 1

After Reading_7.1

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

Talk about the Pictures


After reading 7 11

After Reading_7.1

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading


After reading 7 12

After Reading_7.1

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading


After reading 7 13

After Reading_7.1

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading


After reading 7 14

After Reading_7.1

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading


After reading 7 15

After Reading_7.1

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading


After reading 8 1

After Reading_8.1

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

Proverbs and Quotations

1. There is kindness to be found everywhere.

人间无处不温暖。

2. A contented mind is the greatest blessing a man can enjoy in this world.

知足是人生在世最大的幸事。

3. On good turn deserves another.

以德报德。


After reading 8 2

After Reading_8.2

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

4.

Many can bear adversity, but few contempt.

— Thomas Fuller, American philosopher

许多人能忍受厄运,但极少人能忍受侮辱。

— 美国哲学家 T. 福勒

5.

What are the aims which at the same time are duties? They are perfecting of ourselves, and the happiness of others.

— Immanuel Kant, German philosopher

什么既是目的又是职责呢?那就是,使我们自己完美,使别人幸福。

— 德国哲学家 I. 康德


  • Login