The Puritans. Background and Beliefs. Puritans. Number of Protestant groups that wanted to “purify” the Church of England. Wished to return to simpler forms of worship. First arrived in America in 1620 Tip of Cape Cod Just before Christmas. Beliefs.
Background and Beliefs
Ethnocentrism: the Puritans believed that their way of life was the “only” correct way.
Simplicity was good; excessiveness was frowned upon.
Predestination: all events, including what happened to a person after death, were foreordained by God.
People were born sinners and could only be saved by God’s grace.
Education was necessary in order to defeat Satan.
The Bible was the literal word of God and revealed his will.
Divine Mission: to settle the New World for God.
Church and state were intertwined, not separate.
Only church members could vote.
Everybody, regardless of religion, paid a tax that supported the Puritan religion.
Strong moral values
Community responsibility (all community members were responsible for the conduct of citizens).
Education creating literate citizens
Make a list of at least 5 examples.
Mrs. DeGraw’s example:
Children have to go to school until they are 16.