Bilingualism and Second Language Acquisition. Bilingualism. Bilingualism means being fluent in two languages Approximately ½ of the people in the world are native speakers of more than one language
Bilingual children have better metalinguistic awareness than monolingual children
Bilingual individuals code-switch when speaking to other bilingual individuals
Children first construct one lexicon and one grammar, and then later add another.
Children simultaneously develop two lexicons and two grammars, one for each of the languages.
Involves memorization of vocabulary, morphological and syntactic rules.
Involves immersion in the second language without any memorization or study of phonology or syntax.