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A Summary Report Of The APEC EWG-ISTWG Workshop on Roadmapping Future Fuels Technologies. The 25 th New and Renewable Energy Technologies Expert Group Meeting October 31, 2005, Chinese Taipei. Background.

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A Summary Report

Of

The APEC EWG-ISTWG Workshop on Roadmapping Future Fuels Technologies

The 25th New and Renewable Energy Technologies Expert Group Meeting

October 31, 2005, Chinese Taipei


Background
Background

  • Energy security issues have been the central concern of APEC Leaders’ and Energy Ministers’ since the year 2000

  • Hence, EWG has formulated a comprehensive Energy Security Initiative (ESI) comprising both short-term and long-term responses, of which APEC Energy Ministers have endorsed the following three long-term measures

    • Capitalizing on technological innovation

    • Expanding our energy choices

    • Using energy more efficiently


Background1
Background

  • As energy technologies do underpin social and economic development, the ISTWG also saw the great technical challenges ahead and started a two-year project on future fuels technology, entitled Foresighting Future Fuel Technology, with APEC-funding in 2005

  • The IST Ministers have directed the ISTWG to work with the EWG on the project and the Energy Ministers at EMM6 noted the direction from the IST Ministers and have asked the EWG to support the efforts


Progress of ewg istwg collaboration
Progress of EWG-ISTWG Collaboration

  • The ISTWG project consists of three technology roadmapping workshops in 2005 and Chinese Taipei made a self-funded project, endorsed at EWG 28, to host the second technology roadmapping workshop

  • EWG had participated, by the Secretariat and Chinese Taipei, in the ISTWG Scenario Planning Workshop held in Thailand, December 13~15, 2004

  • Chinese Taipei and APERC also participated in the first technology roadmapping workshop held in Vancouver, Canada April 27~29, 2005


Objective
Objective

  • The overall objective of the project is to assess the medium and long-term scenarios of future fuel technology development and to develop technology roadmaps for the scenarios

  • Potential benefits for APEC include:

    • Strengthened long-term energy security

    • Sustainable development

    • Reduced risks through partnership and collaboration

    • Important inputs to long-term energy policy



E:\EWG30\APEC EWG-ISTWG.htm by the EWG and ISTWG in Ping-tung, Chinese Taipei, August 10~12, 2005


  • Participants were divided into three sub-groups on by the EWG and ISTWG in Ping-tung, Chinese Taipei, August 10~12, 2005Bio-fuels, Unconventional Hydrocarbons and Hydrogen/Fuel Cells to refine the three respective roadmaps developed in the first workshop in Canada

  • Efforts were particularly made in the Chinese Taipei workshop to focus on synergies between the three fuel types and potential areas for APEC collaboration


Bio fuels

Bio-fuels by the EWG and ISTWG in Ping-tung, Chinese Taipei, August 10~12, 2005

Usage

Feedstocks

Conversion

Fuel

  • Physical:

  • Chipping

  • Compacting

  • Drying

  • Solid:

  • Chips

  • Pellets

  • Briquette

  • Crops/Forestry

  • Straw,

  • Wood, Chips

  • Industry/

  • Agriculture

  • heat

  • electricity

  • Crops

  • Cellulosic

  • - based

  • Chemical:

  • Carbonization

  • Liquefaction

  • Gasification

  • Crops

  • Starch/sugar

  • - based

  • Gas

  • Biogas

  • Syn gas

  • Biological:

  • Fermentation

  • Digestion

MSW

Manure

  • Liquid

  • Ethanol

  • Biodiesel

Transportation

Waste water

Crops: Oilseeds

Chemical:

Animal Fats


2030 by the EWG and ISTWG in Ping-tung, Chinese Taipei, August 10~12, 2005

Bio-fuel

Economy

Fuel cells, H2 storage

H2

Linkages

Polygeneration of energy, chemicals and H2

2020

H2 from SynGas

H2 - rich Biogas

Biomass Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle ( BIGCC)

2010

Hydrocarbons

Limited experiences and further R&D needed

SynGas

From proof of concept to implementation

Diesohol

Ethanol from cellulose

Need specification and market for co-products

Bio-fuel

Development

Bio-diesel

Bio Oil - Pyrolysis

CH4 – rich Biogas

Technology

readily

available

Direct combustion

Ethanol from starch/sugar

2000

Bio-fuel Roadmap with Timeline and Linkages to Other Fuel Types

Fossil Fuel-based

Economy


Unconventional hc

Hydrogen (0% C) by the EWG and ISTWG in Ping-tung, Chinese Taipei, August 10~12, 2005

Synthetics

Gas

Crude Oil

Coal

Charcoal (100% C)

Unconventional HC

  • In the Year 2030

  • Hydrocarbon Fuels will still have major market shares

  • Have the capacity to meet demand

  • Move to Unconventional Hydrocarbon Fuels

  • Gas-Liquid-Solid Fuel Vision:

  • Gas Market Share will Increase vs Crude Oil & Coal

  • Liquid Hydrocarbon Fuels Will Remain

  • Conversion of Coal to Gas and Liquid Fuels (Clean-coal Usage)

  • Exchange of H2 and C for energy balance

  • Bio-fuels inclusion in the evolutionary chain

  • Gaseous fuels infrastructure facilitates theTransition to Hydrogen

5000 BC

2030 AD ?


Hydrogen fuel cells

NG/Liquids by the EWG and ISTWG in Ping-tung, Chinese Taipei, August 10~12, 2005 Ref.

PEMFC/ICE

Stationary/Transportation/Portable

Coal Gasification

CO2 Seq.

SOFC/MCFC

Stationary

Biomass Gasification(on-site)

SOFC/MCFC

Stationary/Portable

Biomass Gasifi.(on-site)

(pipeline) Conv. to H2

Fueling Stations

Transportation

Solar Photo-Electroch.

C1/C0 Fuels

All Applications

Geoth./Wind/Solar Electrolysis H2

Remote Power/Power Firming

Thermal-Chemical

Dissociation H2

All Applications

Hydrogen/Fuel Cells

2010

2020

2030

Coal/Biomass with CO2 Seq. Large-Scale Applications

> 10 MW

Electricity Electrolysis H2

PEMFC/ICE

Transportation


  • Much research still required for cost competitiveness by the EWG and ISTWG in Ping-tung, Chinese Taipei, August 10~12, 2005

    • Reformation maximizing H2 yield and minimizing footprint for a given feedstock

    • Reformation suitable for multiple feedstock in small stationary applications

    • High temp. membrane for PEMFC and lowering operation temp. for SOFC

    • Major scientific breakthrough for on-board storage of hydrogen

    • Experimental techniques to probe the inside of fuel cells

  • Sustained investment from government needed

  • Hydrogen only as clean as its source and life-cycle environmental impact analyses required for mass deployment


Integration of Future Fuel Supply by the EWG and ISTWG in Ping-tung, Chinese Taipei, August 10~12, 2005


Observation
Observation by the EWG and ISTWG in Ping-tung, Chinese Taipei, August 10~12, 2005

  • All economies will have an integrated mixed fuel strategy

  • The mixture will vary regionally and will depend on:

    • Cost competitiveness of alternatives (primarily)

    • Government policy (secondarily)

  • Governments will be energized by public attitudes and special interests in the following areas

    • Impact of energy price on economy

    • Perceived or real threats to public health and safety

    • Security of supply

  • Distribution infrastructure is costly and will be developed only for major fuels, i.e. secondary fuels will be most cost competitive by adapting to use this infrastructure to the maximum or are employed in a distributed manner


Future project actions
Future Project Actions by the EWG and ISTWG in Ping-tung, Chinese Taipei, August 10~12, 2005

  • Interim roadmaps will be finalized and synergies between them will be emphasized

  • An integrated, multi-pathway approach will be recommended for adoption to maximize R&D effectiveness

  • The draft technology roadmaps and report will be examined lastly in the final workshop in Chiangmai, Thailand, November 3~4, 2005


http://www.egeec.apec.org/fuels by the EWG and ISTWG in Ping-tung, Chinese Taipei, August 10~12, 2005

http://www.apecforesight.org

Thank You for Your Attention!


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