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SOUTHWEST ASIA & NORTH AFRICA INTRO A. Define Region. B. Topography – plate tectonics. C. Climate. D. Water – exotic rivers Saharan climate change - Herodotus World Map (ca. 450 B.C.). Saharan climate change. Population A. Density - Arithmetic v . physiologic.

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SOUTHWEST ASIA & NORTH AFRICA

  • INTRO
  • A. Define Region
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D. Water – exotic rivers

Saharan climate change - Herodotus World Map (ca. 450 B.C.)

Saharan climate change

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Population

A. Density - Arithmetic v. physiologic

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Water and rural settlement

  • Coastlines/rivers
  • Oases
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D. Modern canals and dams

  • Aswan High Dam, Egypt
  • E. Desalinization - Israel and desalinization
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III. Religious hearth area

  • Judaism- 14 million
  • Origin – 2000 BC, start modern Iraq
  • Christianity - 1 billion, world\'s largest
  • 1. Origin – Jesus Christ (0-33 AD)
  • 2. Diffusion -
  • Contagious – missionaries
  • Hierarchical - Roman Empire, 4th century
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Islam - 1.3 billion, 2nd largest

  • 1. Origin - western Arabia
  • Mohammed – 570-632 AD
  • 2. Diffusion
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Five Pillars of Islam

"Shahada”

Prayers 5 times day

Almsgiving

Fasting during Ramadan

Hajj- pilgrimage

Mecca/Makka

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Religion and Conflict

Muslim 90%, Christian 4%, Jewish 2%

Sunni vShia

Islamic fundamentalism

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IV. OIL

  • History
  • B. OPEC
  • C. Impact of oil – positive, negative
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A. Israel

1. History

2. Conflict w/Palestine

3. Jerusalem

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B. Iraq

History

First Gulf conflict

"Operation Iraqi

Freedom"

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