SOUTHWEST ASIA & NORTH AFRICA
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SOUTHWEST ASIA & NORTH AFRICA INTRO A. Define Region. B. Topography – plate tectonics. C. Climate. D. Water – exotic rivers Saharan climate change - Herodotus World Map (ca. 450 B.C.). Saharan climate change. Population A. Density - Arithmetic v . physiologic.

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SOUTHWEST ASIA & NORTH AFRICA INTRO A. Define Region

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Southwest asia north africa intro a define region

  • SOUTHWEST ASIA & NORTH AFRICA

  • INTRO

  • A. Define Region


Southwest asia north africa intro a define region

B. Topography – plate tectonics


Southwest asia north africa intro a define region

C. Climate


Southwest asia north africa intro a define region

D. Water – exotic rivers

Saharan climate change - Herodotus World Map (ca. 450 B.C.)

Saharan climate change


Southwest asia north africa intro a define region

Population

A. Density - Arithmetic v. physiologic


Southwest asia north africa intro a define region

  • Water and rural settlement

  • Coastlines/rivers

  • Oases


Southwest asia north africa intro a define region

3. Qanats- water canals

ice house


Southwest asia north africa intro a define region

  • D. Modern canals and dams

  • Aswan High Dam, Egypt

  • E. Desalinization - Israel and desalinization


Southwest asia north africa intro a define region

  • III. Religious hearth area

  • Judaism- 14 million

  • Origin – 2000 BC, start modern Iraq

  • Christianity - 1 billion, world's largest

  • 1. Origin – Jesus Christ (0-33 AD)

  • 2. Diffusion -

  • Contagious – missionaries

  • Hierarchical - Roman Empire, 4th century


Southwest asia north africa intro a define region

  • Islam - 1.3 billion, 2nd largest

  • 1. Origin - western Arabia

  • Mohammed – 570-632 AD

  • 2. Diffusion


Southwest asia north africa intro a define region

Five Pillars of Islam

"Shahada”

Prayers 5 times day

Almsgiving

Fasting during Ramadan

Hajj- pilgrimage

Mecca/Makka


Southwest asia north africa intro a define region

Religion and Conflict

Muslim 90%, Christian 4%, Jewish 2%

Sunni vShia

Islamic fundamentalism


Southwest asia north africa intro a define region

  • IV. OIL

  • History

  • B. OPEC

  • C. Impact of oil – positive, negative


Southwest asia north africa intro a define region

Dubai - oil money


Southwest asia north africa intro a define region

V. Conflicts


Southwest asia north africa intro a define region

A. Israel

1. History

2. Conflict w/Palestine

3. Jerusalem


Southwest asia north africa intro a define region

B. Iraq

History

First Gulf conflict

"Operation Iraqi

Freedom"


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