The creation narrative
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The Creation Narrative. Beginnings of the Universe and Life according to modern science. David C. Bossard 19thpsalm.org. THE PLAN. Preliminaries First Creation : The First Fifteen Minutes The Elements Milky Way Galaxy, Solar System and Earth

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The Creation Narrative

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The creation narrative

The Creation Narrative

Beginnings of the Universe and Life

according to modern science

David C. Bossard

19thpsalm.org


The creation narrative

THE PLAN

  • Preliminaries

  • First Creation: The First Fifteen Minutes

    • The Elements

  • Milky Way Galaxy, Solar System and Earth

  • Second Creation: First Life – Prokaryotes (Bacteria)

  • Preparation of the Earth for Advanced Life

  • Third Creation: Eukaryotes

  • Fourth Creation: Animals and Plants

  • [End of presentation – Website done to here]

  • Fifth Creation: Humans


The creation narrative

PRELIMINARIES

WHY THIS TALK?

 To Celebrate the Triumph of Science in its Great Achievement:

Unfolding the Creation Narrative


The creation narrative

PRELIMINARIES

WHY THIS TALK?

-- To Celebrate the Triumph of Science in its Great Achievement:

Unfolding the Creation Narrative

 To Challenge the Triumphalism of Science

The "God Hypothesis"

"I have no need for that hypothesis"

LaPlace, regarding the Stability of Planetary Orbits*


The creation narrative

PRELIMINARIES

WHY THIS TALK?

-- To Celebrate the Triumph of Science in its Great Achievement:

Unfolding the Creation Narrative

-- To Challenge the Triumphalism of Science

 To Counterbalance this with the findings of Science Itself.

“I must confess that I was at first startled and alarmed by rumours of changes and discoveries which, I was told, were to overturn at once the science of geology as hitherto received, and all the evidences which had been drawn from it in favour of revealed religion… God with us, in the world of science henceforth to be no more!”

Lydia Miller, 1869*

… She concluded the evidences are still there but "removed into a more distant and dimmer region.”


The creation narrative

PRELIMINARIES

SHARP POINTS

"A common sense interpretation of the facts suggests that a super intellect has monkeyed with physics, as well as with chemistry and biology, and that there are no blind forces worth speaking about in nature. The numbers one calculates from the facts seem to me so overwhelming as to put this conclusion almost beyond question.”

Fred Hoyle, 1980


The creation narrative

BEGINNING OF THE CREATION NARRATIVE – The First Genesis

THE FIRST GENESIS

LET THERE BE LIGHT: THE BIG BANG

Age of the Universe: 13.73 ± 0.12 Billion years

-- NASA WMAP project (2010)

-- EESA Planck Mission (2012)

-- Sloan Digital Sky Survey

David C. Bossard

Chapter 3


The creation narrative

CREATION NARRATIVE

COSMIC INFLATION AND THE COSMIC BRAKE

"The more I examine the universe and the details of its architecture, the more evidence I find that the universe in some sense must have known we were coming.”

Freeman Dyson, Disturbing the Universe*

Barrow & Tipler, The Anthropic Cosmological Principle.

Primordial density at a billionth of a second:

447,225,917,218,507,401,284,016± 0.2 gm/cc

David C. Bossard

Chapter 3


The creation narrative

CREATION NARRATIVE

CREATION OF THE PRIMORDIAL MATTER

• Annihilation of antimatter

• At 1 second:

Creation of Protons and Neutrons (half-life 15 minutes)

• at 100 seconds:

Creation of Deuterium by binary collision:

• Up to 15 minutes (as the universe cools further):

Creation of Helium, Lithium and a bit of Beryllium

Atomic numbers 1 to 4

David C. Bossard

Chapter 3


The creation narrative

CREATION NARRATIVE

CREATION OF THE PRIMORDIAL MATTER cont’d

Why didn’t heavier elements form at this time?

 The Lithium Barrier

- no stable elements with P+N = 5 or 8.

  • Can’t get past the barrier with binary collisions of lighter elements.


The creation narrative

CREATION NARRATIVE

CREATION OF THE ELEMENTS

The First Nine Billion Years

"It is mere rubbish thinking at present of the origin of life; one might as well think of the origin of matter."

Charles Darwin, letter 1863.*

• The B2FH paper (1956)†

 Described the origin of all elements.

-- It has proved accurate in the 60+ years since


The creation narrative

CREATION NARRATIVE

CREATION OF THE ELEMENTS (Cont’d)

Monkeying with Physics

  • Hydrogen Burning and Long-lived Stars (e.g. the Sun)

  • Only H-burning lasts billions of years

    • - Necessary for Advanced life


The creation narrative

CREATION NARRATIVE

CREATION OF THE ELEMENTS (Cont’d)

Monkeying with Physics

  • Helium Burning and the “impossible” triple collision

    • Fred Hoyle’s ingenious prediction

  • Carbon Burning and the Brake on Oxygen Formation

David C. Bossard

Chapter 4


The creation narrative

CREATION NARRATIVE

A “Habitable” Solar System and Earth

Galactic Habitable Zone

Milky Way

Solar System Habitable Zone

David C. Bossard

Chapter 5


The creation narrative

CREATION NARRATIVE

A Hospitable Environment and the First Life

  • Life Itself built the hospitable environment!!

  • Step 1: Oxidize the Reducing (acidic) early environment

  • Time Needed: 2 Billion year

Banded Iron ore

iron oxide (Fe2O3) = dark; silica (SiO2) = light

David C. Bossard

Chapter 7


The creation narrative

CREATION NARRATIVE

A Hospitable Environment and the First Life

  • Life Itself built the hospitable environment!!

  • Step 2: Build an Ozone Layer to Shield from Cosmic Rays

    • Essential for life on Land and in Air

      • Time Needed: 3.6± Billion years

        • (1.6 By after Atmospheric Oxygen Stabilized)

David C. Bossard

Chapter 7


The creation narrative

CREATION NARRATIVE

A Hospitable Environment and the First Life

  • Life Itself built the hospitable environment!!

  • Step 3: Prepare Organic Wastes worldwide

    • - Most important: “Fixed” Nitrogen

    • - Time Needed: 3+ Billion years

David C. Bossard

Chapter 7


The creation narrative

CREATION NARRATIVE

A Hospitable Environment and the First Life

  • Life Itself built the hospitable environment!!

  • Summary time budget for building a hospital environment:

  • Total time: ± 4 Billion years (BY)

    • ± 0.5 BY from earth formation to the first Bacteria

    • – Cooled earth, oceans.

    • ± 2.0 BY more to first Eukaryotes (Oxygen based)

    • – Oxygen atmosphere ready

    • ± 1.5 BY more to first ocean animals

    • – Waste food (nitrogen) in place

    • ± 0.2 BY more to first land plants and animals

    • – Ozone filter in place


The creation narrative

CREATION NARRATIVE

A Hospitable Environment and the First Life

  • Life Itself built the hospitable environment!!

 The Oxygen atmosphere is the result of life.

 The available Nitrogen to support life is the result of life!

“The existence of large amounts of oxygen in a planet's atmosphere would be a strong indicator of life.”

NASA


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