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Understanding Mental Health and Emotions. Mrs. Voakes PPZ 3O. Mental Health. Mental health was once thought to be the absence of mental illness

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mental health
Mental Health
  • Mental health was once thought to be the absence of mental illness
    • Now it refers to how you use the various aspects of health to achieve positive feelings about yourself and improve your ability to deal with problems.
mental health1
Mental Health
  • The National Association for Mental Health describes someone with good mental health as having the following characteristics;
  • Feels comfortable with himself or herself
  • Has good relationships with others
  • Meets the demands of life.
assessing your mental health
Assessing Your Mental Health
  • Get a blank piece of paper
  • Write yes , sometimes, or no to answer each question
    • You do not need to show anyone your results
assessing your mental health1
Assessing Your Mental Health
  • 1. Are you willing to assume responsibilities appropriate for someone your age?
  • 2. Do you participate in activities appropriate to your stage in life?
  • 3. Do you accept your responsibilities?
  • 4. Do you solve problems rather than avoid them?
  • 5. Do you make decisions with a minimum of worry?
  • 6. Do you stick with a choice you made until new factors surface?
  • 7. Are you satisfied with your accomplishments?
assessing your mental health2
Assessing Your Mental Health
  • 8. Do you recognise that thinking about a problem is the first step in toward taking action?
  • 9. Do you learn from failures or defeats?
  • 10. Do you keep success in perspective?
  • 11. Do you enjoy working and enjoy playing?
  • 12. Do you say no to negative situations even though they may provide temporary pleasure?
  • 13. Do you say yes to positive situations even though there may be some momentary displeasure?
  • 14. Can you tell others when you are angry?
assessing your mental health3
Assessing Your Mental Health
  • 15. Can you show affection?
  • 16. Can you endure frustration when the source cannot be changed or eliminated?
  • 17. Can you make compromises in dealing with difficulties?
  • 18. Can you concentrate and work at a single goal?
  • 19. Do you recognize the challenges of life?
  • 20. Can you develop and maintain family and intemate relationships?
assessing your mental health4
Assessing Your Mental Health
  • Count the number of Yeses and the number of Nos
  • If you have more Yeses, you may have more characteristics of good mental health
emotions are normal
Emotions Are Normal
  • Emotions are feelings in response to an activity or an experience.
    • They can be positive or negative
      • Example: Feeling angry is natural but expressing that anger with violence is not.
    • Hormones and Drugs can also alter ones mood or emotions.
expressing emotions
Expressing Emotions
  • Expressing emotions is learned from past experiences.
    • Your personal interactions and Modeling of others
      • You see how someone else reacts and the next time the same situation happens to you, you react in the same manner.
expressing emotions1
Expressing Emotions
  • Expressing emotions in a positive way is an essential skill that must be practiced and rehearsed.
    • Example: When feeling angry, instead of hitting something or someone. Do some strenuous exercise or talk to someone about it.
slide13
Love
  • The feeling of strong affection or caring for another person.
    • Everyone has the need to love, and the need to be loved by others.
    • There are different types of Love.
      • Romantic Love is often confused with attraction in the adolescence years.
happiness
Happiness
  • The feeling of joy and well-being or contentment
    • Happiness can also be a goal that drives people – self help books
tips on how to be happy
Tips on how to be happy.
  • - Recognize that you have some control in your life
  • -You are the only one who can control your attitude and how you react.
  • -Adopt a healthy lifestyle
  • Have a positive attitude
  • -Think about what makes you happy and make time for those activities
tips on how to be happy1
Tips on how to be happy.
  • Work hard at tasks you find meaningful
  • Be organized, but flexible, so you can adapt to changes as they occur in your life.
  • -Establish close relationships with others
optimism
Optimism
  • Feeling that life experiences will be positive (having a positive attitude)
    • Optimism is a healthy emotion that affects your physical wellbeing
humour
Humour
  • A characteristic (habitual or relatively temporary) state of feeling that provokes laughter
    • Humour provides a way of expressing negative emotions in a positive way.
    • Laughter can boost your immune system
slide19
Fear -
  • The feeling of danger
    • Fear response – Increase heart rate, muscles tense, and your senses become more alert.
      • Staying in this state can harm your body.
    • Fears are useful as they protect you from harm
    • If the feeling of danger is not realistic it should be managed.
managing fear
Managing Fear
  • How to deal with fear
    • Self talk- Saying things to yourself in order to view a fear more realistically
    • Environmental planning- Rearrange the environment to reduce your fear
anger
Anger
  • A strong feeling of irritation
  • Anger also increases heart rate, raises blood pressure, causes headaches and nausea
managing anger
Managing Anger
    • Recognize what the source of anger is.
    • Others can make you angry but they do not make you express your anger
  • It is important to talk to someone about the problem as bottling is bad for your health.
guilt
Guilt -
  • The feeling that you have done something wrong or are responsible for something bad happening
    • Guilt can be a cue to resolve a problem
managing guilt
Managing Guilt
  • Think about what the source of guilt is.
  • If you have made a mistake, correct it and the move on.
  • If the guilt seems overwhelming seek a professions help
depression
Depression
  • A feeling of anxiety, loneliness, and despair
      • It can interfere with the ability to carry out daily tasks
      • affects 33% of teens
depression symptoms
Depression - Symptoms
  • Sleeping too much or too little
  • - Loss of appetite
  • -Feeling tired throughout the day
  • - Loss of energy
  • -Lack of interest or lack of ability to concentrate
  • -Withdrawal from a group
factors linked to depression
Factors linked to depression
  • Family History – the tendency for depression appears to be hereditary (genes or environment?)
  • Major life stresses – personal traumas – neglect, abuse
  • Physical Illness – Illness can causes depression for multiple reasons
  • Substance abuse – The dependency and guilt can cause depression
  • Gender – more likely in women
managing depression
Managing Depression
  • Identify what has made you depressed
  • Focus on positive things in life
  • Talk to a friend or professional
  • Exercise – releases endorphins
are you at risk for depression
Are you at risk for depression
  • Write your answers on a blank piece of paper
  • Do not show others your answers.
  • You can also fill this out to see if you think a friend is depressed.
  • Answer Yes or No
are you at risk for depression1
Are you at risk for depression
  • 1. Do you have problems concentrating or making decisions?
  • 2. Are you almost always tired, or do you have problems sitting still because you are so upset
  • 3. Do you sleep well? Are you sleeping much more or much less than usual?
are you at risk for depression2
Are you at risk for depression
  • 4. Have you gained or lost a significant amount of weight?
  • 5. Do you find that you are no longer enjoy things that used to make you happy?
  • 6. Do you feel worthless most of the time?
  • 7. Do you have thoughts of death?
are you at risk for depression3
Are you at risk for depression
  • If you answered Yes to 5 or more of these questions, please speak to a school councillor, parent, guardian, teacher, etc.
jealousy
Jealousy
  • The feeling of wanting something that someone else has or the fear of losing something you have.
managing jealousy
Managing Jealousy
  • Discuss your feeling with the person involved
  • Jealousy that is not dealt with can lead to anger
loneliness
Loneliness
  • - The feeling of isolation or alienation
  • Managing Loneliness
    • Take charge - Engage in activities that will make you part of a group.
    • Make the effort to call old friends or volunteer
shyness
Shyness
  • The feeling of being timid or bashful
    • Often people who are shy, lack self-esteem
managing self esteem improving self esteem
Managing Self-esteem / Improving Self Esteem
  • Make a list of your strengths and positive traits
  • Do not put yourself down. It makes you feel inferior
  • Put yourself in situations with supportive people
  • Do not spend time with people who make you feel bad about yourself.
    • If this cannot be avoided remember your strengths and positive traits
  • Do not be afraid to try new things and fail.
    • Failures teach lessons that help you grow as a person.
questions
Questions
  • How would you know if you are mentally healthy? I (1)
  • List four SMART goals you can set to achieve happiness I (2)
  • Describe some positive strategies for managing anger I (1)
  • List four things you can do to keep from feeling lonely I (1)
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