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1. Parliament and Delegated Legislation Part B: The Legal Environment
2. Requirements… Turn off your mobile phone
You should have read and précised Part A of the booklet or read chapter 9 of GCSE Law by Jacqueline Martin
Take notes (annotate your pdf slides)
Please raise your hand if you have a question.
3. UK Parliament What is Parliament? What does it consist of?
4. House of Commons Those who sit are known as
Members of Parliament (MPs).
Who elects MPs?
The country is divided up into
constituencies with each MP (646)
representing their constituency.
Who is your MP?
5. How is our law made? Activity: Using your textbook and/or booklet, have definitions for the following words…
Act of Parliament
6. Public Bill Before an Act of Parliament becomes law, it begins life as a Bill.
Green Paper – sets out the general aims and invites discussion from interested parties.
White Paper – more detail in its proposals, may include the opinion from discussion stage.
7. The Legislative Process… (1) First Reading:
White Paper/Bill name and main aims read out. A vote (normally verbal) taken to see whether it will go on to next stage.
(2) Second Reading:
Main debate takes place, MPs from all parties can contribute. A similar vote is taken to see whether it will go on to next stage.
8. The Legislative Process Cont. (3) The Committee Stage:
An assembly of 16-50 MPs look at the Bill in detail, line by line. Most MPs will be from Government, but some from the other parties.
What might be a criticism of this stage?
(4) The Report Stage:
Committee reports any changes back to the House. If there are no changes, this stage can be ignored.
9. The Legislative Process Cont. (5) Third Reading:
Final vote taken on the bill – usually a formality.
(6) The House of Lords:
Whole process followed again but no Committee of Lords so whole House debate.
10. The Legislative Process Cont. The House of Lords can propose changes to the Bill…
11. The Legislative Process Cont. (7) The Royal Assent
The Monarch must give assent for the Bill to become an Act of Parliament.
12. Parliamentary Supremacy Also known as Parliamentary sovereignty…
What do you think this means?
Parliament has the power to make any law it wishes (e.g. legislation stating that the moon is made out of cheese!).
Can the courts challenge it?
13. Delegated Legislation If I ask a student to take the class register, I have delegated some of my power to that student.
Why is law-making power delegated?
Isn’t it dangerous?
14. Delegated Legislation Cont… Activity: Fig. 5 of your booklet
Copy down the advantages and disadvantages of delegated legislation.
In pairs, give detailed reasons/examples for each point and be prepared to give feedback to the class.
15. Delegated Legislation Cont… The following four make delegated legislation:
(1) Local authorities
Make byelaws (e.g. parking restrictions)
(2) Government ministers
Make statutory instruments (e.g. Minister for Transport creating traffic regulations).
16. Delegated Legislation Cont… (3) The Queen and the Privy Council
Make Orders in Council (e.g. can make law in circumstances of emergency without going through Parliament).